Discuss what a functional relationship is and how an ABA professional would use his/her understanding of functional relationships when designing an intervention.

The unit 6 Assignment requires you to apply the theories, concepts, and research that we have covered so far this term to a hypothetical case study. Your answers to the questions and completed graph should consist of information from the text and supplemental readings.

You also may use sources from the Kaplan library or other credible Internet sources, but your primary sources should be the readings assigned for the course.

These include: 

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Academic Search Premier, EBSCO, ERIC, Pub Med

After reading the case, please fully answer the questions below.

Answers to the questions and the completed graph should be prepared in a Word document, double-spaced in 12-point font and submitted to the Dropbox. Most students will need to write 2-3 pagesfor the case in order to address all required parts of the project.

Your final paper must be your original work; plagiarism will not be tolerated. Be sure to review the Syllabus in terms of what constitutes plagiarism.

DON’T FORGET THE GRAPH!

Please make sure to provide proper credit for those sources used in your case study analysis in proper APA format. Please see the APA Quick Reference for any questions related to APA citations. You must credit authors when you:

  1. Summarize a concept, theory or research
  2. Use direct quotes from the text or articles

Case Study 1: Martin 

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Martin, a behavior analyst, is working with Sara, a 14-year-old girl with severe developmental delays who exhibits self-injurious behavior (SIB). The self-injurious behaviors included pulling her hair, biting her arm and banging her head against the wall. After conducting a functional analysis, Martin decided to employ an intervention program consisting of differential reinforcement of other (DRO) desired behavior. Martin collected data on Sara’s SIB before and during the intervention. Below is a depiction of the data that Martin collected:

Sara’s Frequency of SIB
BASELINE  Occurrences DRO Occurrences
22 5
25 5
27 3
26 2

Address the following questions, and complete the following requirements:

  1. Create a basic line graph using Microsoft Excel, to be included in your Word document. The graph should depict the data provided in this case study. You should only need to create one graph, with SIB depicted, both in baseline and in intervention.
  2. What type of research design did Martin employ when working with Sara?
  3. According to the data, did the intervention that Martin selected work in modifying Sara’s self-injurious behavior?
  4. Martin had considered using an ABAB reversal design when working with Sara. What are some ethical implications of selecting a reversal design when working with the type of behavior problems that Sara was exhibiting?
  5. Martin’s supervisor requested this graph of the data he collected when working with Sara. Why are graphs useful in evaluating behavior change?
  6. Discuss what a functional relationship is and how an ABA professional would use his/her understanding of functional relationships when designing an intervention. Identify whether the graph that your created using the data provided in this section depicts a functional relationship.

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Unit 6 Assignment

Grading Criteria Points

Possible

Points

 

Earned

Content
Creates a basic line graph in Excel, clearly depicting the behaviors presented in the given data set. 0-25
Clearly and accurately identifies the research design presented in the case and accurately interprets the data from the created graph. 0-20
Thoroughly discusses ethical implications of alternative research designs 0-20
Clearly and thoroughly discusses the importance of graphing data in the field and identifies the importance of understanding functional relationships 0-20

 

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What are three possible issues that can occur with a newly implemented behavior change program?

 

Your Final Project will consist of an analysis of questions related to two separate case studies. Each case presents a problem that you, the future ABA professional, will need to assess. You will design an effective behavior modification program as well as a plan to evaluate this program. Each case covers the theories, concepts, and research discussed this term. Your answers to the questions should consist of information from the text and supplemental readings.

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Your primary sources should be the readings assigned for the course, but you also may use sources from the Kaplan Library or other credible Internet sources. These include:

Academic Search Premier, EBSCO, ERIC, Pub Med

This will help you demonstrate your mastery of the material covered this term.

After reading each case, please fully answer the questions below. Responses to the questions should be typed in a Word document, double-spaced in 12-point font and submitted to the Dropbox. Most students will need to write 2 typed pages for each case in order to address all required parts of the Final Project.

Your final paper must be your original work; plagiarism will not be tolerated. Be sure to review the Syllabus in terms of what constitutes plagiarism.

Please make sure to provide proper credit for those sources used in your case study analysis in proper APA format. Please see the APA Quick Reference for any questions related to APA citations. You must credit authors when you:

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  1. Summarize a concept, theory or research
  2. Use direct quotes from the text or articles

Case Study 1: William

Ms. Tooley contacts you, an ABA analyst, to assist her with a child in her classroom named William. William is a healthy 6-year-old boy who has been terrorizing his classmates. The problem has been occurring since the beginning of the school year. William pushes, kicks, hits or bites other children in the class. This has often happened during recess time. Ms. Tooley first addressed the issue by scolding William. That did not appear to reduce the behavior, so she then required him to visit the principal’s office whenever an episode of hitting/biting occurred. These visits also had little effect in reducing the negative behaviors.

  1. What is the target behavior(s) that you will plan to address? Write a target behavior definition using terms that can be observed and the appropriate behavior analytic language.
  2. How would you first assess William? Discuss the rationale for your choice of assessment.
  3. Discuss one reason why the teacher’s original methods of behavior management may have failed.
  4. Design an effective behavior modification program for William using a combination approach treatment package(two or more behavior techniques from the relevant literature).
  5. Discuss your rationale for selecting the combination approach, drawing upon behavior theory.
  6. Explain how you would evaluate the modification program.

Discuss issues related to spontaneous recovery of behavior, extinction and maintenance of desired behavior.

Case Study 2: Annie

Hospital Administrator Rodriguez contacts you because she is experiencing difficulty with an ABA program that you designed for one of her psychiatric patients, Annie. The patient, a 40-year-old schizophrenic female, has been exhibiting a great deal of difficulty with a few daily care routines, including brushing her teeth and making her bed in the morning. The program that you originally designed was a token economy system in which she would earn one token for each completed activity and then collect a reward (extra time in the courtyard) once 10 tokens were obtained. Ms. Rodriguez reports that Annie is not completing the tasks and then as a result, not earning any tokens. She asks you to revisit the hospital to determine what is not working.

  1. What are three possible issues that can occur with a newly implemented behavior change program? Discuss what aspects of the program you would want to check on first before making any changes.
  2. Choosing one of the three potential issues, elaborate on how this may be negatively impacting the program and how you could address the problem to increase the likelihood that the program would work.
  3. Provide a step by step alternative behavior modification program (instead of the one presented) for Annie. Your new plan must include the following:
  4. A description of the data-based intervention that you have chosen.
  5. Your rationale for using the intervention as supported by relevant literature (your text and Journal articles)
  6. The overall behavior goals associated with the use of the plan
  7. The step-by-step procedures that the staff will take to implement the plan
  8. How data will be collected
  9. How progress will be monitored

 

Visit the Organizational Behavior Management (OBM) Network website.

Source: Organizational Behavior Management (OBM) Network (2011). Retrieved from http://www.obmnetwork.com.

Reviewing the website sections within the “What is OBM?” and “Publications” tabs will provide you with information on OBM and its applications.

Read the following article on behavior principles used in business:

Source: “Performance Management” (2010): Cambridge Center for Behavior Studies. Retrieved fromhttp://www.behavior.org/resource.php?id=400

 

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Unit 9 Assignment

 

Grading Criteria Points

Possible

Points

Possible

Content
Both cases are addressed and recapped. Target behavior is accurately identified in first case, and 3 factors affecting failure are discussed in the second case 0-20
Effective behavior modification from the relevant literature is selected in case 1 and rationale is discussed fully. In Case 2 student elaborates on at least one issue affecting the client 0-30
Evaluation of the program is discussed in case 1. In case 2 a step-by-step alternative behavior plan is presented including: description of the data-based intervention, rationale supported by relevant literature, behavior goals, and steps for staff implementation. 0-80

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Attachments:

print___behavior_modification__principles_and_procedures_chapter_20.pdf

print___behavior_modification__principles_and_procedures.pdf

print___behavior_modification__principles_and_procedures_chapter_22.pdf

print___behavior_modification__principles_and_procedures_chapter_23.pdf

ps360_cooper_2nd_ed_ch26.pdf

ps360_cooper_2nd_ed_ch27.pdf

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of relying on testing as the sole method of selection.

Compare and Contrast Interviews to Noninterview Employee Selection Assessments
Background

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As a selection strategy, interviews are intended to gauge future performance on the basis of oral responses, demeanor, body language, and so on. Interviews can be of different kinds, depending on the purpose. While interviews are a critical part of the selection process, and probably the most widely recognized, other assessment tests are also an important part of attempting to predict the future job performance and capabilities of candidates. Assessments can be considered a more objective measure than interviews and can be developed to precisely assess specific skills and competencies.
Directions APA Format
Write a 5-page paper that compares and contrasts interviews to noninterview employee selection assessments. In your paper, make sure you include a discussion of the following points:
Section 1: Noninterview Assessments
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of relying on testing as the sole method of selection.
Identify two assessment tests and briefly summarize their structure and design and provide an example of a typical item for this type of test. Make sure to explain how the test is designed to assess a candidate’s prospects for a particular position and an example of content.
Evaluate the two tests and discuss factors that contribute to the appropriate use of a particular test for a particular situation. Why might a test not be the most effective choice?
Section 2: Selection Interviews

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Select a pair of interview types from the list of three pairs provided below. Research and describe those two types and explain when their use would be most appropriate.
Behavioral versus situational
Panel versus individual
Structured versus unstructured
Compare and contrast the two types, exploring their advantages and disadvantages, as well as their use. Provide 5 questions for each type of interview you choose.
Section 3: Interviews vs. Noninterview Assessments
Based on your research, compare and contrast interviews versus noninterviews in terms of efficacy in meeting organizational objectives.
Identify any areas of susceptibility to adverse impact in the assessment tests or interviews.
Analyze how the selection process can be enhanced by combining assessment tests with interviews.

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Discuss the level of challenging behavior incidents reported before and after the program began (includes discussion of the need for the program and the general impact the program had on challenging behavior).

You are working as a behavior consulting intern. Your company’s ongoing client is Pathway High School, an alternative high school for students who have been unsuccessful in their original school due to challenging behavior. The school hired your company 6 months ago to implement a School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS) program. Data has been collected on:

  • Figure 1: The occurrence of aggressive behavior incidents reported before and after the program began
  • Figure 2: A sample of classroom teacher’s scores from an observational checklist measuring correct implementation of behavior correction procedures in the classroom (before and after the program was implemented)
  • Figure 3: Student satisfaction rating results for their daily school experience before the program, 3 months after the program began, and 6 months after the program began

 

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Your role is to view this data, determine results and analyze results (minimum of 2 pages):

Determine the purpose of each data requirement above by discussing how it can be used in the program planning process. Identify each type of data collected as either quantitative or qualitative.

Using the data in Figure 1, discuss the level of challenging behavior incidents reported before and after the program began (include discussion of the need for the program and the general impact the program had on challenging behavior).

Using the data in Figure 2, calculate the mean (average) score on the observational checklist before the program was implemented and after. Use this data to discuss the impact of the program on behavior correction procedures in the classroom.

Using the data in Figure 3, calculate the percentage of students who rated their school experience at the highest level (5) and the lowest level (1). Discuss these results as they relate to student satisfaction after the SWPBS program was implemented.

Your paper should be a minimum of 2 pages in length, include proper APA formatting (including properly formatted headings for each section of your plan), and include at least 2 academic references (including your course readings)

 

Unit 7 Assignment

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Grading Criteria Points

Possible

Points

Earned

Content
Clearly explains the general purpose of each of the 3 sets of data presented and how each set of data can be used in the program planning process.

Correctly identifies each type of data collected as either quantitative or qualitative.

Contains no misunderstandings

0-25
Appropriately uses data presented for the program planning and evaluation process by including the following analysis:

For Figure 1: Discusses the level of challenging behavior incidents reported before and after the program began (includes discussion of the need for the program and the general impact the program had on challenging behavior).

For Figure 2: Calculates the mean score on the observational checklist before the program was implemented and after. Discusses the impact of the program on behavior correction procedures in the classroom.

For Figure 3: Calculates the percentage of students who rated their school experience at the highest and the lowest level.  Discusses these results as they relate to student satisfaction after the program was implemented.

Contains no misunderstandings or miscalculations

0-45

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Applied Plan for Program Design and Evaluation

Applied Plan for Program Design and Evaluation

You are part of a behavior consulting team providing consultation to local service agencies in your area.

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Choose one of the following scenarios and write a comprehensive plan for program design and evaluation You are being asked to apply what you have learned about how Evidence-Based Program Planning applies to organization-wide behavior interventions.

  • Just Like Home nursing home wants to assess the possible need for a new behavior management program to prevent Alzheimer’s patients from wandering unsupervised and endangering themselves.
  • VHab vocational training program for developmentally disabled adults wants to assess the possible need for a new program to train clients as potential volunteers for various community services.
  • Stars ABA program, providing clinic-based ABA interventions for children with autism, wants to assess the possible need for a staff training program to increase the use of reinforcers delivered to children for appropriate behaviors during therapy sessions.
  • Kap County Department of Health and Human Services wants to assess the need for a program to teach basic parenting and safety skills to parents whose children have been identified as “at-risk” for abuse or neglect.

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Separate your plan into sections related to each step of the program design and evaluation process:

  • Problem Analysis
  • Needs Assessment
  • Developing Strategies and Objectives (*note that you should include at least 2 recommendations for intervention strategies that are evidence-based and you should write at least 2 clear objectives for each intervention strategy you recommend)
  • Program Design
  • Performance Measurement and Monitoring (*note that you should identify 1 data requirement for each objective you identified and explain how you would use the information you gather)
  • Performance Evaluation (*note that you should explain how you would apply the data you gather to make program decisions)
  1. Identify the tools and actions needed to complete each step of the program design and evaluation process.
  2. Apply the tools and actions you identified to complete each step of designing and evaluating a program for your chosen scenario.

Your paper should be 5 pages in length, include proper APA formatting (including properly formatted headings for each section of your plan), and include at least 3 academic references (including your course text).

Unit 9 Assignment

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Grading Criteria Points

Possible

Points

Earned

Content
Problem Analysis:

Identifies at least 2 tools and actions needed to complete this step for the chosen scenario.

Applies the tools and actions identified to complete this step for the chosen scenario.

0-20
Needs Assessment:

Identifies at least 2 tools and actions needed to complete this step for the chosen scenario.

Applies the tools and actions identified to complete this step for the chosen scenario.

0-20
Developing Strategies and Objectives:

Includes at least 2 recommendations for intervention strategies for the chosen scenario that are evidence-based

Writes at least 2 clear objectives for each intervention strategy recommended for the chosen scenario.

0-20
Program Design:

Identifies at least 2 tools and actions needed to complete this step for the chosen scenario.

Applies the tools and actions identified to complete this step for the chosen scenario.

0-20
Performance Measurement & Monitoring:

Identifies 1 data requirement for each objective identified for the chosen scenario.

Explains how data and information gathered will be used for the chosen scenario.

0-15
Program Evaluation:

Identifies at least 2 tools and actions needed to complete this step for the chosen scenario.

Explains how to apply the data gathered to make program decisions or intervention decisions for the chosen scenario.

0-15

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Attachments:

print___designing_and_managing_programs__an_effectiveness-based_approach.pdf

print___designing_and_managing_programs__an_effectiveness-based_approach_unit_7.pdf

chapter_1_designing_and_managing_programs__an_effectiveness-based_approach.pdf

What is the total revenue for U.S. wheat farmers in 2006 and 2007?

. For each of the following situations, decide whether the bundle Lakshani is considering optimal or not. If it is not optimal, how could Lakshani improve her overall level of utility? That is, determine which good she should spend more on and which good should she spend less on.

 

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  1. Lakshani has $200 to spend on sneakers and sweaters. Sneakers cost $50 per pair, and sweaters cost $20 each. She is thinking about buying 2 pairs of sneakers and 5 sweaters. She tells her friend that the additional utility she would get from the second pair of sneakers is the same as the additional utility she would get from the fifth sweater.

 

 

 

  1. Lakshani has $5 to spend on pens and pencils. Each pen costs $0.50 and each pencil costs $0.10. She is thinking about buying 6 pens and 20 pencils. The last pen would add five times as much to her total utility as the last pencil.

 

  1. Lakshani has $50 per season to spend on tickets to football games and tickets to soccer games. Each football ticket costs $10 and each soccer ticket costs $5. She is thinking about buying 3 football tickets and 2 soccer tickets. Her marginal utility from the third football ticket is twice as much as her marginal utility from the second soccer ticket.

 

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  1. In the United States, 2007 was a bad year for growing wheat. And as wheat supply decreased, the price of wheat rose dramatically, leading to a lower quantity demanded (a movement along the demand curve). The accompanying table describes what happened to prices and the quantity of wheat demanded.

 

2006 2007
Quantity demand (bushels) 2.2 billion 2.0 billion
Average price (per bushel) $3.42 $4.26

 

 

  1. Using the midpoint method, calculate the price elasticity of demand for winter wheat.

 

 

 

  1. What is the total revenue for U.S. wheat farmers in 2006 and 2007?

 

 

  1. Did the bad harvest increase or decrease the total revenue of U.S. wheat farmers?  How could you have predicted this from your answer to part a?

 

 

  1. A recent study determined the following elasticities for Volkswagen Beetles:

 

Price elasticity of demand = 2

Income elasticity of demand = 1.5

 

The supply of Beetles is elastic. Based on this information, are the following statements true or false? Explain your reasoning.

 

  1. A 10% increase in the price of a Beetle will reduce the quantity demanded by 20%.

 

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  1. An increase in consumer income will increase the price and quantity of Beetles sold. Since price elasticity of demand is greater than 1, total revenue will go down.

 

 

 

——————————————–

List two characteristics of Mendel’s garden pea plant Pisum sativum, that make it an ideal organism for genetic experiments and why the two characteristics are useful.

Biology Unit 6

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75 words must be original APA Format all cite and reference must be quoted properly
The drawing below shows a cell in a phase of mitosis. What phase is shown? How many chromatids are present in this stage? What is the total number of chromosomes each daughter cell will have?
75 words must be original APA Format all cite and reference must be quoted properly

List two characteristics of Mendel’s garden pea plant Pisum sativum, that make it an ideal organism for genetic experiments and why the two characteristics are useful.

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Text book reference
Krogh, D. (2011). Biology: A guide to the natural world (Custom Vol. I). San
Francisco, CA: Prentice Hall

when it comes to inventory control how will putting its factory floor on-line benefit an organization?

Factory Floors go On-line

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For this case read the article below concerning connecting the factory floor to the intranet/internet. This seems to be an effective way to manage an organization’s inventory.

Assignment: After you have read the article answer the question below.

When it comes to inventory control how will putting its factory floor on-line benefit an organization?

Assignment Expectations

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Be sure to explain the benefits. Focus on inventory and other logistical factors. Find at least 3 different additional sources of information. Use the same format as your module one paper. The paper should be 3-4 pages.

Factory Floors Go Online: Pioneering manufacturers close the final gap in their supply chains; InternetWeek; Manhasset; Mar 12, 2001; Michael Alexander. Available in the Trident Online Library.

Abstract:

For the majority of manufacturers, the plant floor is the weakest link in their supply chains, yet that is where they are apt to find the biggest payoff from e-manufacturing. Industrial equipment manufacturers, for example, have been fairly slow to jump on the e-business train. About 11% of these manufacturers are actively tying the plant floor to the Internet. Two exceptions are the semiconductor and computer equipment industries, where ferocious competition is impelling manufacturers to connect their plant floors with the top floor of their enterprises. The number of companies that have plugged their shop floors into the Internet is not what one might expect, but it is rising rapidly, according to some experts.

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Does the organization manage its inventory supply efficiently (use specific examples)?

Welcome to the fourth SLP of the course.

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Assignment: For this SLP take a look at how your organization manages its inventory and then answer the following questions.

Does the organization manage its inventory supply efficiently (use specific examples)? How could its inventory management be improved?

SLP Assignment Expectations

Be sure to make your claim clearly. Use references about your organization to back-up your claim. Use specific examples. Use the same format as your other module papers.The paper should be 2-3 pages.

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