Public Policy Formulation and Implementation

9 essay quality questions need to answer:

(TCO A) A hospital can be owned and operated either publicly (by a government) or privately (by either a for-profit entity or a not-for-profit entity). Administering the hospital may be quite different depending on whether it is publicly owned or privately owned. Please explain ways in which the hospital may respond differently to “The Market” (that is, market forces) if it is publicly held as compared to privately held.

(TCO B) Stabilization should be one of the goals of an effective public policy. Explain at least three of the actions that the federal government can take in times of economic crisis to try to achieve stabilization.

(TCO C) Statutes enacted by legislatures, whether the Congress of the United States or at a state level, often are vague. Hence, the policy mandates given to public administrators via the legislation are vague. This also shifts much of the policy making to public administrators. Explain the advantages to the public of the public administrators, rather than the elected representatives, making policy via rules and regulations.

(TCO D) Explain why it is critical for the effectiveness of a public policy or program initiative to be measured. Please also define, or otherwise explain, the terms “policy outputs” and “policy outcomes.”

(TCO E) As a public administrator seeking funding to achieve policy objectives, one tool that you may be able to consider is the use of dedicated tax revenue. That action would require the authorization of the legislative branch and would need to be signed into law. Yet you could initiate the request that legislation (or an ordinance at a local level) be passed that provides that specific tax revenue would only be used for purposes of your program and/or department. Provide one specific example at the federal level of such a tax. Provide an example in general of such a tax at a local level. What is one advantage of having a dedicated source of revenue at the local level?

(TCO F) Define the term “public-private partnership.” Explain at least two of the challenges facing the public sector and how this structure may help to alleviate those challenges.

(TCO G) As a conservation measure, your state has recently passed a law lowering the maximum speed limit in the state to 55 miles per hour. As a public administrator in charge of the implementation, describe the steps that you feel should be taken so that the policy can be placed in effect in a cost-effective manner.

(TCO H) A problem with government, some might say, is that once an agency is established to implement a new public policy, that entity may continue to exist year-after-year without evaluation as to its continuing relevance. A “sunset provision” when an agency is created may help to overcome this potential issue. Please define or otherwise explain the term “sunset provision” in the context of the creation of an agency. Also, explain how such a provision may help the public.

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