I need at least a 150-word comment for my class mate’s discussion
Vroom-Yetton Decision-Making Model Sources
Class and Professor,
The first video that I found was a crash course for the Vroom-Yetton model. It tells of the five decision-making styles which are Autocratic (A1), Autocratic (A2), Consultative (C1), Consultative (C2), and Group (G). Each one is a meant to go for a certain situation on making the best decision. The video tells about how many managers want to involve their employees and others to help with the decision. There are times though the manager should make the decision without involving so many individuals. This video explains each of the decision-making styles. The video also tells about their podcast or other videos to learn more information. This seemed like a credible court I wish it was a little longer to give a little more information. It explained each style pretty well, but quickly. Autocratic (A1) is where the leader is the information available to them at that time to help make the decision. Autocratic (A2) is where the leader gets specific information from people to help make the decision. Consultative(C1) is where the leader meets with people one on one to gather information to help make the decision. Consultative (C2) is where the leader meets with a group to gather feedback and input to help with determining the best decision for the company. Group (G) is the last of the five styles which is where the group gets a consensus for the decision. This video did have some of the same information for the background reading. “In AI the manager solves to the problem by himself using whatever information is available to him at that time; in AII he obtains any necessary information of a specific nature from his subordinates before making the decision himself.” (Vroom,1976) It helped me understand the model because it was quick and to the point. The video was a crash course to help you understand the styles.
The second video that I found tells about the vroom-yetton decision-making model. “The Vroom-Yetton Decision Making Model is a tool, validated by research, that helps leaders determine how much they should involve others in their decision-making process.” The source seems credible. The video breaks down each style of the decision making. The video goes in-depth on each style to help you understand what each one is for the decision. This video was a lot like the first video that I found, but it was a longer video that went more in-depth on the decision-making. The video goes into the factors of determining the involvement of others. Each situation needs a certain type of style it just all depends on the situation. This video also goes with the reading as well. “GII corresponds with Norman Maier’s concept of group decision in which the manager’s role is that of the chairperson of a group meeting aimed at reaching consensus on the action to be taken.” (Vroom, 1976) If you read the descriptions on the video it basically says the same information as the reading. The video did help me understand the model. It explained the model in depth which helped me to see each style and how it can go with depending on the situation. The video gives you other sites that can help give you more information to help understand what style with go with each decision or situation. I felt that both videos gave a lot of great information that went right with the information in the readings for this class.
Vroom, V. (1976). Can leaders learn to lead? Organizational Dynamics
I need at least a 150-word comment for my class mate’s discussion
Vroom-Yetton Decision-Making Model Sources
For this discussion I researched several sites and videos after reading our text (Management and Leadership in Nursing and Health Care) from the back ground materials. I found very few videos that did little more than read text almost mirroring our background materials. The video (link below) is short and breaks down the Vroom-Yetton model. I do believe that this is a credible source as the content appears to parallel several concepts from the text. It asks what decisions were made and how it was made, backtracking through the steps in making it and then to the original problem and how to solve it. It then shows the same standard chart displaying the range of decision-making modes. Where it differs (and helps me to follow easier) is how it breaks down the whole tree (what I consider to be the most confusing part of our text). I was drawn in because this video doesn’t just go through text expecting you to keep up (like other sources I found) but admits that while this model has been proven with research to work, it often confuses Vroom-Yetton “virgins”. It then sets out to simplify the “tree” with visual examples.
Don’t adjust your volume, this is strictly visual. Sorry auditory learners.
Create a 8- to 10-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation with detailed speaker notes on each slide answering the following questions throughout the presentation:
What conflict styles have you encountered while working in groups? How will your approach to conflict change in the future based on what you have learned in this course?
What group cohesion strategies will you apply in future team work? Describe these strategies and how they strengthen group work.
What is your own decision-making style? Describe this style and how you will apply it to future group work.
How will you approach problem solving in the future based on what you have learned in this course? Describe your strategies and how you will apply them to future group work.
Format your assignment according to appropriate course-level APA guidelines.
My country for my project is Canada.
Due to the significant impact of culture in the business environment, conduct a cultural analysis of your project country. In this discussion, you will work on the following critical elements: Values and Communication and Business Etiquette.
· Discuss Hofstede’s dimensions of culture that influence business in your project country.
· Use The World Factbook and Commisceo Global Culture Guides to expand this further by identifying specific elements of communication, both verbal and non-verbal.
· Finally, using Commisceo Global Culture Guides, identify five rules of business etiquette that would directly influence business interactions.
What risks or opportunities can you identify from this analysis of culture? Consider areas of management that can be adjusted when considering cultural drivers.
INT 113 Module Two Discussion Sample: Cultural Analysis
Follow the format of this post to complete your own analysis. You will use some of the same resources cited in the bibliography, so please follow the same format.
Hofstede’s Dimensions of Culture: Turkey (Hofstede, 2015)
Power Distance: Score of 66
Dependent Hierarchical Unapproachable managers Patriarchal Formal communication with management
Individualism: Score of 37
Strong collectivistic society Influential group mindset Indirect communication, need for harmony Moral foundation to relationships Strong influence of nepotism
Masculinity: Score of 45
More feminine cultural style Consensus in the group Sympathetic Avoidance of conflict Desire for leisure time Uncertainty Avoidance: Score of 85 Strong desire for laws and rules Ritualistic Religious Long-Term Orientation: Score of 46
Middle of the scale, nothing inferred
Communication (Turkey – Turkish Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette, 2016)
Language: Turkish (90%), Kurdish (6%), Arabic (1.2%)
Nonverbal: Shaking hands and kissing on both cheeks, standing to greet those senior to you, crossing arms while talking is impolite, staring is typical
Business Etiquette (“Turkey – Turkish Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette,” 2016)
· Appointments are necessary
· Punctuality is expected—likely to be left waiting
· Small talk is important for relationship building
· Personal space is not recognized—standing very close is typical
· Eye contact while speaking stands for sincerity
Business Observations: Communication risks might exist between Turkey and countries that are more direct in communication, especially early in a business relationship. Due to the hierarchical structure in business, management should expect a high level of respect to be shown. Communication will be more indirect between management and subordinates. Considerations for religious beliefs and rituals will be important in the workplace. Training on conflict management in the Turkish culture might be useful. A manager should outline the best approach to conflict management with the use of indirect communication.
Hofstede, G. (2015). Turkey – Geert Hofstede. Geert-hofstede.com. Retrieved from http://geerthofstede.com/turkey.html
Turkey – Turkish language, culture, customs and etiquette. (2016). Commisceo-Global. Retrieved from http://www.commisceo-global.com/country-guides/turkey-guide
For this journal task, you will first select one of three tracks in the study of abnormal psychology (biological, psychological, or sociocultural), on which you will focus your final project research investigation.
Next, you will analyze one of the articles within the track, which will provide practice for your literature review. Prompt: First, refer to the Tracks and Topics for the Final Project document and select a track that you would like to focus your final project on. (Note: In this document, you are provided with three articles for each topic, but you will need to find two additional articles to use for your final project.)
Next, analyze one of the articles within the tracks which, will provide practice for your literature review.
Keep in mind that these questions are practice and preparation for the more detailed literature review elements to come. In your journal entry, answer the following questions about the article:
1. What is the title of the article? Provide the reference for the article in proper APA format.
2. What is the purpose of the article?
3. What is the hypothesis of the study? In other words, what claims do the authors make in the article?
4. What variables (factors) are being looked at as an influence on abnormal behavior?
5. If these variables or the relationship between these variables have been studied before, what does the article indicate about the findings of previous studies? This shows historical significance.
6. Describe the type of research design that was used in the study. Do you think the research in this article was conducted in an ethical manner? Why or why not?
7. What was the outcome(s) of the study, that is, the conclusions that the authors made as a result of the study?
Each question requires an answer in one to three sentences, although you can write more if needed. This should result in a journal entry that is around 1 page in length.
Be sure to cite directly from the article to support your answers. APA formatting of sources.
DUE 1/15/2018 5 P.M BE ON TIME..QUALITY WORK
1 PAGE APA FORMAT
Read entire article APA, Meet Google: Graduate students’ approaches to learning citation style ByNancy Van Note Chismand Shrinika Weerakoon. (Article is attached) Along with previous work, you’re to revise my work (Read Instructor’s Comment
INSTRUCTOR’S COMMENT: you did a fairly good job of revising the three paragraphs ,and adding your own evaluation of the article’s main points by including at least 1–2 sentences to each paragraph, detailing your analysis of each main point, although your analysis is a bit underdeveloped
Directions from the beginning to end… It’s 3 main Points, so it should 3 different paragraphs. Each main point have their own paragraph…
1st Select three related main points from the journal article (excluding the Abstract), and directly quote them.
2nd Paraphrase the three directly-quoted main points of the journal article you selected. Your paraphrases should combine to form 1 paragraph.
3rd STRUCTURE AND TRANSITION To do so, separate each main point into its own paragraph. Add a topic sentence (the M in the MEAL plan), and add 2–3 sentences per paraphrased main point to create connection between the ideas.
Revise the three paragraphs, adding your own evaluation of the article’s main points. In the MEAL plan, this portion is referred to as the A section, or analysis, and is often the most difficult portion to include.
Add 1–2 sentences to each paragraph, detailing your analysis of each main point.
However, you should not use any other sources beyond your chosen article.
Revise the three paragraphs from the Week 6 Assignment again, ensuring you have completed a full and careful proofreading of your 1- to 2-page evaluative narrative. Make certain to submit a clean copy of your work without any track changes or comments by either yourself or your Instructor.
I need at least a 150-word comment for my class mate’s discussion
Appreciative Inquiry Interview Questions
After reading up on the concepts and aspects of Appreciative Inquiry (AI), I was very intrigued to see if this type of process was ever carried out or experimented within the military channels. I was intrigued to see if something like this was ever carried out within a military hierarchy of any kind, and how whoever conducted appreciative inquiry within that forum went about doing it. After some searching, I was able to actually find a 246-page Master Thesis from the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California titled “The Introduction of Appreciative Inquiry to the U.S. Navy using Appreciative Inquiry Interviews and the Large Group Intervention with Application to U.S. Marine Corps Logistics Strategic Management”.
I was interested to see how, if a process like this was indeed conducted within the military construct, how they went about it with their approach; to include the AI interview questions and overall method of their conduct. After looking over the document and seeing how even David Cooperrider himself was involved and alongside the Navy with this study, I was able to focus and see how the line of questioning was steered during the Discovery stage.
Now if my supervisor within my line of work did actually come to me and asked me to lead an AI process and conduct an interview process, I would feel much more comfortable and better prepared to carry out this agenda. Within the Navy study, I found the following questions to be very useful if I needed to conduct my own interview process. The questions listed below are rephrased so as if I was conducting the interview with members from my own branch of service – the U.S. Army – and each of the lines of questions, as discussed by Lewis, Passmore, and Cantore (2016), are broken down as “relationship questions, process questions, and possible probe questions (pp. 51-52).
· Tell me what your role is within the unit? (Relationship question)
· What do you value most within yourself? Your work? The Army? What was interesting about each of them that made you value them so highly? (Relationship and probe question)
· Think about a high point, a time when you made a difference, felt proud, successful or made a change within the unit. What did that feel like exactly? (Process and probe question)
· Name three things that the unit does the best right now – three things that we should not change in the future because we do them so well. (Process question)
· Name three trends you see in the unit or in the Army that you sense that real changes, positive change, is possible? These things should give you a sense of urgency, that it’s time to act now. (Process question)
I felt these questions were an excellent starter to an AI interview because it allows those being interviewed to warm up and be receptive to the idea of speaking about all that is good within their world thru their eyes instead of focusing on conflicts and concerns. Plus, going from relationship to process questions allows for the interviewees to transition from who they are and what they do / contribute to the unit, into feel good stories about the unit itself and all that they see good with the organization. Lewis et al., (2016) support this concept by stating that “the relationship questions are likely to be about the person’s role in the organization and what they value about the organization or their role. As the interview moves into exploring the organizational process, the focus shifts to the organization as people experience it. The aim is to draw out stories and experiences about the organization and the person at their best” (p. 51).
Overall, I chose these questions because I believe that they present a wonderful opening to explain the context of the unit in a brighter aspect, and would allow the interviewees to express why transformation or revolution within the unit construct may be needed. As Lewis et al., (2016) describe it, “it is an opportunity to explain the background in more detail, particularly why change is felt to be needed and why Appreciative Inquiry is an appropriate way forward” (p. 49).
Lewis, S., Passmore, J., and Cantore, S. (2016). Appreciative inquiry: How do you do it? Appreciative Inquiry for Change Management: Using AI to Facilitate Organizational Development. (pp. 44-62). London, England: Kogan Page. Retrieved from EBSCOhost database.
Tripp, P., and Zipsie, M. (2002). Steering committee, interview team, and summit material. The Introduction of Appreciative Inquiry to the U.S. Navy using Appreciative Inquiry Interviews and the Large Group Intervention with Applications to U.S. Marine Corps Logistics Strategic Management. (pp. 109-132). Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved from Defense Technical Information Center website:http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a403679.pdf
People of African American Heritage.
Please read chapter 6 and 7 of the class textbook and review the attached Power Point presentations. Once done answer the following questions;
1. Give an overview of the African American and the Amish culture and mention any difference with your own culture.
2. What are the healthcare culture beliefs of the African American and the Amish cultures and mention if there is any similarity in their beliefs.
3. How these two cultures healthcare beliefs affect the delivery of evidence based nursing care. Please give an example.
As stated in the syllabus present your assignment in an APA format word document, Arial 12 font attached to the forum in the discussion tab of the blackboard title “week 3 discussion questions”. A minimum of 2 evidence based references no older than 5 years old are required. Two replies to any of your peers sustain with a proper references are required and a minimum of 500 words.
Due date: Saturday January 20, 2018 @ 11:59 PM. If you have any problems to comply with the due date please let me know via FNU email at least two days in advance.
Prepare: As you prepare to write your final discussion for this class, take a few moments to do the following: •Review the full tutorial: “The Grammarly Guide: How to Set Up & Use Grammarly (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..”
•Set up a Grammarly account (if you have not already done so).
•Use Grammarly to review at least two paragraphs from your rough draft. Remember, your draft is an academic essay.
•Carefully read all issues found by Grammarly and revise your paragraphs. head with Qmarks.png Reflect: Consider the revision, proofreading, and editing steps you have taken in the last two weeks. Were they effective? How can you make the revision process – especially proofreading and editing – a part of every assignment in college and the workplace? writting hand.png Write: (due Thursday, Day 3)
Post your original paragraphs and your final, revised paragraphs in the discussion. Be sure to label them accordingly.
Then, in 200 to 300 words, describe your Grammarly experience. Address the following areas: •Identify the top three issues Grammarly uncovered in your work (e.g. wordiness, passive voice, subject-verb agreement). ◦Were any of those issues surprising?
•Share some of the feedback Grammarly provided as explanations.
◦What did you learn? Was it helpful?
•Describe the usefulness of the Grammarly tool. ◦Did your writing improve? ◦Will you use Grammarly to help you proofread your entire paper? Why or why not? ◦Will you use Grammarly for your future class assignments? Why or why not?
•Share any remaining proofreading questions or concerns.
YOU MUST HAVE GRAMMERLY TO COMPLETE THIS ASSIGNMENT
I HAVE DOWNLOADED MY PERSONAL ESSAY DRAFT.
MAKE SURE YOU THE 2 PARAGRAPHS YOU CHOOSE TO REVISE THROUGH GRAMMLEY AND THEN SHOW THOSE SAME PARAGRAPH ONCE YOU EDITED THROUGH GRAMMERLY.
In the first assignment, you have the opportunity to gain a better understanding of how to identify different types of ethical dilemmas that occur within business, apply ethical theories to solve dilemmas, and after comparing the results, take a critical stance of determining a theorist who can best address the dilemmas presented in the case scenario.
Upon graduation in 2000, Lee decided to partner with one of the student tutors, Josh Jenkins. Jenkins was a business school graduate. The partners initially expanded the business by setting up tutoring services at other universities across the country. TU became well known and its tutoring services were recommended by the NCAA for teams in the association. The business had $10 million in gross sales by 2004. Riding high on success, and recognizing the growth of online education, Lee and Jenkins decided it was time to expand the business by offering services to students taking online courses.
Once the partners established services for students taking online courses, in 2005, the partners once again sought to expand the business by looking into tutoring students for the standard testing programs used by college and university admission boards. By 2010, the company had increased its gross sales to $20 million and by 2013, the company boasted $35 million in gross sales.
Although TU’s online tutoring market experienced significant growth, the industry saw many new entrants into the marketplace. Companies such as Course Hero, Homework Market, and Chegg began to offer tutoring services. The business model of these companies include several features that TU did not offer. First, students have access to a document and quiz repository and secondly, students are able to purchase or exchange quizzes or papers from the repository for a fee. Lastly, students could solicit the assistance of tutor by paying them to enter an online classroom to complete the required discussions and assessments.
Lee and Jenkins recognized the potential growth for TU, especially since the popularity of these organizations were growing exponentially. In an effort to compete with the market trend, Lee and Jenkins decided to move the company forward by adding the following services to its model:
A repository of term papers, flash cards, projects, PowerPoints, videos and exams created by the tutors that can be purchased by students.
A repository of term papers, projects, PowerPoints, and exams created by the students that can purchased by other students looking for help on current assessments.
All purchases will earn points that the students can use toward future services.
A subscription to a citation machine that will perform all academic in-text citation and reference formatting for the student.
Tutors for hire (these tutors would offer services to write papers for a price per page or for approximately $500, enter an online classroom taking the place of the student completing all graded assessments).
Shortly after the new model was rolled out, the Marketing Department came out with a promotion of the new services called “Let Us Do Your Homework for you.” Television and radio commercials entice students to purchase the papers, videos, etc. by telling customers that the product would be customized to the assignment requirements.
Further, some of the services are advertised as being less costly since many of the papers are written by students submitting his or her work into the repository. Tutoring services are marketed as top quality individuals knowledgeable in many disciplines. One commercial features a tutor seated at a computer working while the student is at home watching the TV.
Spencer Tracy, a former tutor and Director of Tutors is worried about the promotion and finds the content unethical. Further, he is concerned that this promotion will place the tutors in a compromising position with respect to the expectations of the customer – the student!
Step 1: Write the Introduction
Create the introductory paragraph. The introductory paragraph is the first paragraph of the paper and tells a reader the main points covered in the paper. To help you know how to write an introduction, view this website to learn how to write an introductory paragraph:
Step 2: Answer the following
Identify and discuss the two business dilemmas presented in the case scenario. Identify the facts relied upon to make the selection. Use the course material to support your reasoning and conclusions.
Explain the role “Code of Conduct” played in the dilemma selection process. Did the presence of the Code of Conduct create either of the dilemmas? If so why, if not why?
Identify and discuss the two common ethical issue categories to which each of the business dilemmas belong. Use the course material to support your reasoning and conclusions.
State the dilemma in question form and then apply the ethical theories of Rand, Kant and Bentham to answer the question: How would each of these theorists solve the dilemma? Explain in detail the reasoning and conclusions using the facts from the case scenario, and any additional resources necessary to respond to the answer.
In a final paragraph, compare the results and select one theorist who would best solve each dilemma. What this means is that there is one theorist for each dilemma so you will discuss two theorist in total. Since this last part is reflective of your personal opinion be sure to support the conclusion with the class material and facts from the case scenario.