1. Construct cross‐tabulations of Gender versus Carrier and Type versus Usage in the Excel file Cell Phone Survey. What might you conclude from this analysis? 2. The Excel file Unions and Labor Law Data reports the percentage of public and private sector employees in unions in 1982 for each state, along with indicators of whether the states had a bargaining law that covered public employees or right‐to‐work laws. a. Compute the proportion of employees in unions in each of the four categories: public sector with bargaining laws, public sector without bargaining laws, private sector with bargaining laws, and private sector without bargaining laws. b. Compute the proportion of employees in unions in each of the four categories: public sector with right‐ to‐work laws, public sector without right‐to‐work laws, private sector with right‐to‐work laws, and private sector without right‐to‐work laws. c. Construct a cross‐tabulation of the number of states within each classification of having or not having bargaining laws and right‐to‐work laws.