An advantage of the structured interview over the unstructured interview is that:

An advantage of the structured interview over the unstructured interview is that:

A. structured interviews generally require a great deal of skill and expertise to administer.

B. structured interviews can be objectively scored.

C. the administration of structured interviews requires extensive training.

D. administration of structured interviews varies significantly from clinician to clinician.

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__________ is not one of the areas of functioning assessed by the mental status examination.

A. Behavior

B. Content of thought

C. Socioeconomic status

D. Motivation

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Delusions of thought broadcasting usually involve the idea that:

A. thoughts are being removed from one’s head.

B. one is to blame for terrible things happening in the world.

C. one’s lover is being unfaithful.

D. thoughts are being transmitted to others.

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Which one of the following areas assessed during a mental status exam is primarily relevant in terms of understanding a client’s receptivity to treatment?

A. Sense of self/motivation

B. Insight/judgment

C. Affect/mood

D. Thinking style/language

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Intelligent quotient was originally interpreted as:

A. mental age compared to chronological age.

B. socioeconomic status compared to educational level.

C. emotional maturity compared to chronological age.

D. mental age compared to cognitive development.

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A high __________ may interfere with a person’s ability to answers and perform the tasks on the WAIS-III.

A. need for achievement

B. attention span

C. level of self esteem

D. level of anxiety

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Projective tests are most commonly associated with approaches that focus on:

A. overt behavior.

B. faulty cognitions.

C. unconscious determinants of behavior.

D. humanistic issues.

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The person taking the TAT is asked to:

A. keep a running log of behaviors for a week.

B. draw a picture of his or her family engaging in some everyday activity.

C. answer several fill-in-the-blank questions.

D. tell a story about the scene shown on the card.

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Since some natural settings do not lend themselves to unobtrusive observation, many clinicians utilize the technique of __________ observation(s).

A. analog

B. self-report

C. electrodermal

D. in vivo

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Why are theories important to the understanding of abnormal behavior?

A. Theories are critical for proper diagnosis and assessment of psychological conditions.

B. The majority of DSM-IV-TR is based on concepts implicit in psychodynamic theory.

C. Theories offer perspectives on the possible causes of abnormal psychological functioning.

D. Theories are crucial for adequate placement of individuals suffering from psychological conditions.

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The main goal of traditional psychoanalytic treatment is to:

A. provide a therapeutic atmosphere of genuineness.

B. resolve psychosocial crises.

C. develop new ways of dealing with problematic thinking patterns.

D. bring repressed unconscious material into conscious awareness.

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According to object relations theorists, the purpose of therapy is to:

A. reverse the destructive processes of early relationships by providing a new relationship for the client.

B. demonstrate the incongruence between real and ideal self that leads to psychological disturbance.

C. discover unconscious conflicts which are at the heart of the client’s psychological disorder.

D. help the client develop better defense mechanisms in order to cope with unconscious impulses.

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Which one of the following is the basic premise underlying Maslow’s conceptualization of the hierarchy of needs?

A. Psychological needs must be met before physical needs.

B. Lower order needs on the hierarchy must be fulfilled before higher needs.

C. Lower order needs can only be met if a person is in a state of congruence.

D. Self-actualization can occur without fulfillment of deficit needs.

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Minuchin’s structural approach is a way of looking at families that considers the:

A. pattern of communications among family members.

B. feelings of the identified client.

C. amount of positive regard that is demonstrated in a family.

D. roles of the parents and children and the boundaries between generations.

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Your dog’s behavior of running into the kitchen when he hears the can opener is a/an:

A. unconditioned response.

B. conditioned response.

C. conditioned stimulus.

D. unconditioned stimulus.

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Money is an example of a/an __________ reinforcer.

A. secondary

B. intrinsic

C. primary

D. negative

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Which one of the following statements best characterizes the role social learning plays in the development of psychological disorders?

A. Individuals can learn maladaptive behavior patterns through vicarious reinforcement.

B. People can model appropriate behaviors for individuals who suffer from psychological disorders.

C. Shaping maladaptive behaviors is more difficult through modeling.

D. Unconscious conflicts are modeled through television and the media.

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Suzanne gets a plastic bingo chip after she completes her work. After accumulating five bingo chips, she is allowed to trade them in for a treat from the goody box. Suzanne’s behavior is being changed by the use of a:

A. hierarchy of needs.

B. conditioned stimulus.

C. negative reinforcement.

D. token economy.

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Excesses of which neurotransmitter are related to schizophrenia, while diminished amounts are associated with Parkinson’s disease?

A. Serotonin

B. Dopamine

C. GABA

D. Norepinephrine

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Which one of the following statements best characterizes current thinking regarding adherence to theoretical models to explain and treat psychological disorders?

A. There is a current shift toward the utilization of humanistic approaches to the understanding and treatment of all psychological disorders.

B. Most therapists currently adhere to one particular theoretical model to understand and treat psychological disorders.

C. There has been a shift on the part of individual therapists towards integrating different theoretical models to treat disorders.

D. Different therapists rely on different theoretical models, but currently no one utilizes psychodynamic principles in the treatment of disorders.