Health Care Economics & Financial Management .

250-300 words due thursday by 11:59pm use correct citations
 
A cost-benefit analysis (CBA) and cost-effective analysis (CEA) provide valuable information for individuals responsible for financial planning. These tools are also helpful in health care organizations. The principles of CBA and CEA can also be applied to your personal financial decisions.
To prepare for this Discussion, complete the readings in your Learning Resources. Think of a project or program (e.g. creating a new geriatric health center, purchasing a piece of expensive diagnostic equipment, or adding an employee benefit) in a health care setting. Identify all of the primary and secondary benefits of the program. Also identify the direct and indirect costs.
By Day 4
Post a comprehensive response to the following:

Provide a brief description of the project or program you selected.
Highlight the primary and secondary benefits of this project. Briefly explain the direct and indirect costs. Are there costs that cannot be quantified? Are there any benefits that cannot be quantified? Why?
As a decision maker, how would you use the CBA and CEA for this project?

Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and/or additional scholarly sources as appropriate. Your citations must be in APA format. Refer to the Essential Guide to APA Style for Walden Students to ensure your in-text citations and reference list are correct.
______________________________________
resources
 
Introduction to Health Care Economics & Financial Management

Chapter 7, “Cost Allocation and Cost-Finding”In their operating expense budgets, many health care settings budget and report indirect costs generated by departments that provide direct services. This chapter presents an overview of the allocation of indirect costs. The concepts of cost allocation and cost-finding are explained with examples from health care settings.
Chapter 8, “Break-Even Analysis”The break-even analysis calculates how much one should charge or how many patients must be seen to cover the cost of doing business in health care. This chapter addresses these factors and includes the calculation and application of the contribution margin as well as the importance of indirect and overhead costs.
 
Chapter 9, “Cost-Benefit Analysis and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis”Cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analyses are the focus of this chapter. This chapter will explain how you evaluate the benefits and resources used between two or more alternative interventions.

 
Optional Resources
Kee, J. E. (1999). At what price? Benefit-cost analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis in program evaluation. The Evaluation Exchange, 5(2 & 3), 4–5. Retrieved from http://www.hfrp.org/evaluation/the-evaluation-exchange/issue-archive/methodology-15/at-what-price-benefit-cost-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-program-evaluation
Hutton, G. & Reyfuess, E. (2006). Guidelines for conducting a cost-benefit analysis of household energy and health interventions. World Health Organization. Retrieved from https://extranet.who.int/iris/restricted/bitstream/10665/43570/1/9789241594813_eng.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Cost benefit analysis. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/owcd/eet/cba/PrintAll.html

Deducion, Induction, Fallacies

Readings Required: 
Ch. 9: “A Logician’s View: Deducion, Induction, Fallacies
Answer the following in 150-300 words.
Below are some fallacies in action. Identify the logical fallacies, some may only have one, for each scenario. Expalin what has gone wrong in the fallacies. Be specific in your reasoning.
1.DeLay argues that stem-cell research is immoral. But DeLay is an ultra right-wing lunatic who’s incapable of thinking objectively. Obviously his argument is non-sense.
2.Barbara Striesand, Paul Newman and Julia Roberts are Democrats. Therefore all Hollywood stars are Democrats.
3.Smirnoff is the best vodka available: renowned violinist Pichas Zukerman says, “When it comes to vodka, Smirnof plays second fiddle to none.”
4.If a car breaks down on the freeway, a passing mechanic is not required to stop and provide road service. Likewise, if a person has a heart attack on the street, a passing physician is not obligated to render emergency medical care.
5.When water is poured over a pile of rocks, it always trickles down to the very bottom. Similarly, when rich people make lots of money, we can expect this to trickle down to the less fortunate.
6.Aborion is murder—and it doesn’t matter whether we’re talking about killing a human embryo or a human fetus.

Discuss the concept of complementary and alternative medicine .

due sunday use correct citations
 
The medical field is constantly changing. As a health care manager, you will manage the budget and provide quality care to clients in this changing environment. A cost-effective analysis (CEA) provides one method to manage change. A CEA is a form of economic analysis that allows management to explore a number of alternatives for providing care to clients based solely on the fixed costs (FC) and variable costs (VC) associated with each alternative. The CEA process assumes each alternative will achieve the desired outcome and that a thorough review of the existing body of literature on each alternative has been explored by the organization. A CEA does not analyze the actual or perceived benefits associated with each alternative and factor that into the analysis. In fact, analysis of benefits is a separate process that should take place following the implementation of a chosen alternative.
To prepare for this Application Assignment, imagine you have been hired by Splendid Hills Hospital. The vice president of finance has asked you to work with an interdisciplinary committee to conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) and to recommend a cost-effective CAM option. Based on the committee recommendation, one of the three proposed CAM options (spinal manipulation, acupuncture, and massage therapy) would be implemented to care for clients with chronic lower back pain where more conventional therapies have been largely ineffective. You and the committee have collected the fixed costs (FC) and variable costs (VC) associated with each CAM alternative. Review the course document in your Weekly Resources entitled, “ Cost-Effective Analysis for Proposed Alternative Interventions for Unresolved Lower Back Pain.” Search the Walden Library for scholarly sources to support CAM options.
To complete this Application Assignment, you will: 1) complete a cost-effective analysis using the data provided in this week’s course documents, 2) create a 9- to 12-slide PowerPoint presentation of your CEA results, and 3) prepare a 1- to 2-page document containing your presentation talking points.
Please be aware that you will submit three files for this assignment.
Part I: The CEA
Using the data provided in the Splendid Hills Hospital scenario, insert the fixed and variable costs associated with each CAM alternative into the spreadsheet. The data will be entered into the cells shaded green. Do not enter data in the cells shaded in red. The spreadsheet will automatically calculate annual costs. Once you have your cost results, you and the committee will be able to propose the most cost-effective CAM alternative. Save your results in the Excel spreadsheet for submission.
Part II: The Presentation of the CEA
In order to communicate your results, you will prepare a professional presentation for delivery to the members of the senior leadership team. You will prepare a PowerPoint slide deck comprised of 9–12 slides (not including title and reference slides). The following are the minimum slide expectations:

Title slide
Discuss the concept of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)
Identify the three CAM alternatives being considered with brief description of each
Identify the purpose and assumptions associated with a cost-effective analysis (CEA)
Share why a CEA was appropriate for determining the CAM alternative
Identify the FC, VC, and TC for acupuncture
Identify the FC, VC, and TC for massage therapy
Identify the FC, VC, and TC for spinal manipulation
Discuss which alternative is considered the most cost-effective given the CEA results
Discuss and support your recommendations for assessing the clinical outcomes following the rollout of your chosen CAM alternative
References slide

Refer back to the Optional Resources, in Week 1, if you need a refresher on using PowerPoint.
Part III: Talking Points
It is important that professional PowerPoint slides remain uncluttered. Having talking points, or notes, to accompany your slides helps provide your audience with additional information while maintaining uncluttered visuals. For each of your content slides (not the title and reference slide), write a brief paragraph explaining the information on the slide. Then, compile these paragraphs into a 1- to 2-page document for submission.
Your written assignments must follow APA guidelines. Be sure to support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate. Refer to the Essential Guide to APA Style for Walden Students to ensure your in-text citations and reference list are correct.
_____________________________________
resources
 
Introduction to Health Care Economics & Financial Management
Chapter 7, “Cost Allocation and Cost-Finding”In their operating expense budgets, many health care settings budget and report indirect costs generated by departments that provide direct services. This chapter presents an overview of the allocation of indirect costs. The concepts of cost allocation and cost-finding are explained with examples from health care settings.

Chapter 8, “Break-Even Analysis”The break-even analysis calculates how much one should charge or how many patients must be seen to cover the cost of doing business in health care. This chapter addresses these factors and includes the calculation and application of the contribution margin as well as the importance of indirect and overhead costs.

Chapter 9, “Cost-Benefit Analysis and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis”Cost-benefit and cost-effectiveness analyses are the focus of this chapter. This chapter will explain how you evaluate the benefits and resources used between two or more alternative interventions.
You use the following documents as part of this week’s Application assignment:
Document: Cost-Effective Analysis for Proposed Alternative Interventions for Unresolved Lower Back Pain (Word document)
Document: Week 5 CEA Spreadsheet (Excel document)
Required Media
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive producer). (2011). Good Samaritan Hospital organizational chart—Week 5: Costs in health care. Baltimore, MD: Author.

This week Patient Care Manager Nadja Muchow shares her team approach to value, Vice President of Finance Deana Stout discusses the financial aspects of change in the hospital and Vice President of Strategic Planning and Business Development Jennifer Weiss Wilkerson shares how Good Samaritan involves physicians in its strategic planning for major capital and equipment needs.
Good Samaritan Hospital organizational chart—Week 5: Costs in health care Description and Video Transcripts (zip file) 
Optional Resources
Kee, J. E. (1999). At what price? Benefit-cost analysis and cost-effectiveness analysis in program evaluation. The Evaluation Exchange, 5(2 & 3), 4–5. Retrieved from http://www.hfrp.org/evaluation/the-evaluation-exchange/issue-archive/methodology-15/at-what-price-benefit-cost-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis-in-program-evaluation
Hutton, G. & Reyfuess, E. (2006). Guidelines for conducting a cost-benefit analysis of household energy and health interventions. World Health Organization. Retrieved from https://extranet.who.int/iris/restricted/bitstream/10665/43570/1/9789241594813_eng.pdf
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Cost benefit analysis. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/owcd/eet/cba/PrintAll.html

Understanding of basic financial concepts and of the corporate tax.

  
Mini Case 

The final stage in the interview process for an assistant financial analyst at Caledonia Products involves a test of your understanding of basic financial concepts. You are given the following memorandum and asked to respond to the questions. Whether you are offered a position at Caledonia will depend on the accuracy of your response.

To:      Applicants for the position of Financial Analyst
From: Mr.      V. Morrison, CEO, Caledonia Products
Re: A test      of your understanding of basic financial concepts and of the corporate tax      code

Please respond to the following questions:

What is      the appropriate goal for the firm and why?
What does      the risk–return trade-off mean?
Why are we      interested in cash flows rather than accounting profits in determining the      value of an asset?
What is an      efficient market, and what are the implications of efficient markets for      us?
What is      the cause of the agency problem, and how do we try to solve it?
What do      ethics and ethical behavior have to do with finance?
Define (1)      sole proprietorship, (2) partnership, and (3) corporation.

Branding strategy and marketing communication plan in Microsoft® Word.

 
Develop a minimum 700-word branding strategy and marketing communication plan in Microsoft® Word.
This document should address 5 elements of the Situational Analysis and the Product, Place/Distribution, Promotion, and Price Strategies (modified below) sections of the marketing plan (from the Situational Analysis and the Product, Place/Distribution, Promotion, and Price Strategies lists below).
The selected company is the Week One researched Company; the product/service were selected in Week Two (Tesla).
The five elements you select should only come from the options provided below.

Situational Analysis:

Vision, Mission, Strategic objectives, Values
Strengths/Weaknesses
Competitor’s Strengths/Weaknesses
Market Segments

Product, Place/Distribution, Promotion, and Price Strategies:

Creating a Brand Image
Maintaining Brand Image
Branding Concerns
Promotion/Integrated Marketing Communication
Advertising Strategy/Objectives
Push and Pull
Media Strategy
Advertising Execution
Public Relations/Strategies

1.  Search the state licensing board of Wisconsin and answer the following: The

1.  Search the state licensing board of Wisconsin and answer the following:

These can be found at:
Wisconsin  Board of Psychology Laws and Regulations (2015)
https://dsps.wi.gov/pages/BoardsCouncils/Psychology/Default.aspx

Review the APA Ethics Code: http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx

Board Contact Information by State – Association of State and Provincial Psychology Boards
http://www.asppb.net/?page=bdcontactnewpg

Write a brief summary of the key points regarding the laws, ethics codes and licensing requirements of the state of Wisconsin. This portion should be 2 pages.

2.  Consent to Treatment

Create a disclosure/consent form that you might use as you begin therapy with your clients so that ethical/legal/dual relationship issues are discussed “up front”.
Include any laws specific clinical psychology, and limits of confidentiality. You might check with other practitioners to see what they use. Include fee information, late and missed appointments, theoretical orientation, etc. You will get ideas from the text. More Ideas: your qualifications, education, licenses, etc. Include a description of the therapeutic process they might expect, length of therapy, etc.
 
Hint: There are many samples available on the internet and you may use the headers of these samples as a guide or template for creating your own.

The consent to treatment should be 2-3 pages.  [no title and reference page]

Assignment Outcomes:Recognize the major issues related to sound and professional practice in psychology 
Assess and evaluate legal and ethical mandates in clinical context 
Describe local laws regulating the practice of psychology 
Explain the training, supervision, and state licensing requirements 
Demonstrate ethical behavior in the use of technology 

For your Final Paper, you will demonstrate your knowledge of psychopathology and

For your Final Paper, you will demonstrate your knowledge of psychopathology and apply your skills to a realistic scenario. Throughout this course, you have developed unique knowledge and skill sets that will allow you to critically analyze depictions of psychopathology in popular media and historical case examples from an informed point of view.
Your Final Paper will be a psychological report that may be based on a character from a movie or a historical case study. Review the provided lists of movies and historical case studies that are approved for use in this assignment.  You must choose from these lists. You may not use examples from your personal life in the psychological report since doing so would be unethical (see Standards 2.04 and 9.01a in the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct).
As you create this report, you will be taking on the role of a clinician who is conducting an assessment and providing treatment recommendations for a patient (a character from your selected film or historical case study). Please note that a psychological report does not follow the same structure for reports you may have used in other courses. Your report must follow the format below and it must include each of the sections and their headings listed in this order:

Identifying Information
Within this section, you will describe basic information on your patient, including the person’s name, sex, gender, sexual orientation, age, race, occupation, and location of residence (country, state, and region).
Chief Complaint/Presenting Problem
Within this section, you will include the patient’s primary complaint verbatim to identify the main source of his or her distress and/or concerns. If there is no verbatim complaint, include observable information to create an overall picture of the presenting problem.

Typically, this section within a psychological report seeks to address the following question (further elaboration within this section is encouraged where possible):

 

What are the patient’s complaints? (e.g., the patient might complain about “feeling on edge” or experiencing stress)

Symptoms
Within this section, you will interpret specific behavioral issues and intrapsychic conflicts as they relate to abnormal behavior, behavior patterns, maladaptive thought processes, and potential unconscious conflicts. Interpret and comment on the patient’s chief complaint and/or presenting problem in the context and language of the symptoms found in the DSM-5. (e.g., the patient who complains about “feeling on edge” might actually be experiencing symptoms related to post-traumatic stress disorder or generalized anxiety disorder)
Personal History
Within this section, you will analyze your patient’s personal background and history of abnormal behavior(s) that inform your diagnostic impression. You will also gather information about the patient’s cultural background and cultural norms.

Typically, this section within a psychological report seeks to answer the following questions (further elaboration within this section is encouraged where possible):

 

Where did the patient grow up?
What cultures did the patient experience throughout life?
What was the patient’s school life like?
What were his or her grades? What is his or her highest level of education?
What is the patient’s interpersonal relationship history?
What was/is the patient’s romantic relationship history?
What was/is the patient’s friendship history?

Family History
Within this section, you will analyze the patient’s familial relationship(s) and identify any abnormalities that might affect future treatment. You will also integrate information about the patient’s family and cultural background to identify any maladaptive behaviors and relational patterns.

Typically, this section within a psychological report seeks to answer the following questions (further elaboration within this section is encouraged where possible):

 

How old were the patient’s parents when the patient was born?
Who were the patient’s primary caregivers?
What was/is family life like? (Include any information relevant to your diagnostic impression.)
Did the family move often?
What was/is the patient’s relationship with their siblings (if applicable)?
What culture did/does the family come from?
What belief systems are attached to that culture?

Therapy History
Within this section, you will describe the patient’s therapy history to inform your diagnostic impression. Analyze the patient’s therapy history to identify the effectiveness of previous treatment(s). Analyze previous treatment interventions based on information and knowledge of the patient’s cultural background.

Typically, this section within a psychological report seeks to answer the following questions (further elaboration within this section is encouraged where possible):

 

Who was the previous therapist (if applicable)?
How long did the previous therapy/therapies last?
What was the patient’s diagnosis?
What interventions did the therapist(s) use?
Were those interventions appropriate for the patient’s culture?
Was treatment successful?

Medical Conditions
Within this section, you will analyze the patient’s medical history and comment on any possible medical conditions that could influence your diagnostic impression. Interpret specific behavioral issues as they relate to salient medical conditions. If the person has any medical conditions, indicate that in this section. Integrate information and knowledge about the patient’s cultural background as it affects treatment options for medical conditions.
Substance Use
Within this section, you will analyze and comment on the patient’s substance use to identify any potential issues that could influence your diagnostic impression. Interpret specific behavioral issues as they relate to substance use. If the person misuses specific substances, indicate that in this section. Integrate information and knowledge about the patient’s cultural background to inform your interpretation of substance misuse in this patient’s case.

Typically, this section within a psychological report seeks to answer the following questions (further elaboration within this section is encouraged where possible):

 

Which substances does the patient use? (Include any over-the-counter, herbal, and/or prescription medications.)
For how long has the patient used the substance?
What is the patient’s quantity and frequency of use?

Collateral
Within this section, you will interpret specific collateral information as it relates to your patient’s abnormal behavior and behavior patterns. You will also integrate information and knowledge regarding the patient’s culture in your evaluation of the maladaptive behavior as reported by the collateral sources.

Typically, this section within a psychological report seeks to answer the following questions (further elaboration within this section is encouraged where possible):

 

What do other people have to say about the patient’s behavior?
Are there any commonalities between the collateral sources’ reports?
Do the collateral sources have any psychological issues that might exacerbate the patient’s problems?
Are there any police reports?
Are there any personality testing or intelligence testing reports available?

Results of Evaluation
Within this section, you will analyze the patient’s behavior and mental processes. There are two parts to this section. To begin your analysis, you will write a brief evaluation of each theory of personality development that you learned about in this course and determine whether or not each theoretical orientation can be used to conceptualize the patient’s current situation and treatment goals. Next, use one major theoretical orientation to write an in-depth analysis for your results of evaluation section. Within the context of this theoretical perspective, you will analyze all of the information from the previous sections. Analyze specific behaviors, cognitions, and intrapsychic processes as they relate to your diagnostic impression. Integrate knowledge of the patient’s cultural background and norms within that culture as you prepare your supporting evidence.

Typically, this section within a psychological report seeks to answer the following question (further elaboration within this section is encouraged where possible):

 

Based on the information you gathered in the previous sections, what led to the patient’s current state?

Diagnostic Impression With Differential Justification
Within this section, you will provide your diagnosis for the patient. To demonstrate your understanding of diagnostic procedure and justification, specifically address each symptom that the patient displayed and relate each symptom to a diagnostic criterion in the DSM-5. Analyze the patient’s behaviors and mental processes within your differential justification. Clearly demonstrate that the patient meets criteria to be given a diagnosis. If the patient does not meet criteria for any diagnosis based on your assessment, explain why. Also, explore any alternative diagnoses and explain why these were not chosen.
Recommendations
Within this section, you will you provide treatment recommendations for the person to help them improve his or her quality of life. These recommendations must be based on the theoretical orientation you used in your Results of Evaluation. Explain why you chose your treatment intervention(s) and include peer-reviewed articles that support your choice(s). If treatment is not necessary, explain why. Pay close attention to the person’s culture since some treatment options may be insensitive to his or her culture or way of living. 

Writing the Final Paper

The Final Paper:

Must follow the report outline provided above with the requisite headings and be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a title page with the following: 

Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

Must address the assessment with critical thought.
Must use at least five peer-reviewed sources that were published within the last ten years, in addition to the text, a minimum of four must be from the Ashford University Library.
Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Discuss the difference between the General Principles and the Enforceable Standards.

Your assignment must illustrate knowledge of the concepts through an original personal and/or professional integration of the text material. All assignments MUST be typed, double-spaced, in APA style, and must be written at graduate level English. The content, conciseness, and clarity of your answers will be considered in the evaluation of your work.  

You must integrate the material presented in the text in your own understanding, and cite your work according to APA format. 
Assignment should be approx. 1 page per question.

Entire assignment should be 4-6 pages, plus a title and reference page

1.  Discuss the difference between the General Principles and the Enforceable Standards.

2.  Knapp, Handelsman, Gottlieb, and Vandecreek state that actions contrary to the Ethics Code may arise when psychologists apply their personal values to their professional activities. Describe how this may occur and what a psychologist can do to prevent this happening.

3.  Moffett, Becker, and Patton (2014) stated that obtaining competencies is necessary to recognize ethical or unethical situations. Describe what a new therapist should do in order to limit the number of ethical mistakes they make in clinical practice.

4.  Dr. Jones has received an order from a judge demanding that she turn over all psychotherapy notes related to a client she has been seeing in therapy. The order states that the notes must go to the attorney of opposing counsel. Dr. Jones’ client has refused to sign a release of the psychotherapy notes. What ethical issues must Dr. Jones address and what steps must she take?

5.  Multicultural ethical commitment requires a strong desire to understand how culture is relevant to the identification and resolution of ethical problems. Discuss how a psychologist can ensure that they make culturally ethical decisions.
 
Assignment Outcomes:
Recognize the major issues related to sound and professional practice in psychology
Assess and evaluate legal and ethical mandates in clinical context 
Describe local laws regulating the practice of psychology 
Explain the training, supervision, and state licensing requirements 
Formulate ethical applications to culture and diversity issues

Assess and evaluate legal and ethical mandates in clinical context.

Child Abuse Case Analysis

In this assignment you are required to perform a child abuse assessment utilizing the child abuse reporting form, located in the Resource section of your syllabus.

PSY 87504_ChildAbuseReportForm.pdf (PLEASE SEE ATTACHED DOCUMENT)
It is suggested that you print the form, fill it out, scan and upload as a pdf file.

Review this week’s video and the reading assignments on child abuse assessment. Using the above Assessment tool, please evaluate the following vignette for suspicion of child abuse. 
Fill out the form, describing what you see in the vignette that supports your assessment responses.

After you fill out the form, write a paper discussing your assessment, possible interventions and prevention strategies that you might use when encountering  similar situations in your professional work.  Justify your responses by using and referencing the course text and the video that you watched this week.  All work must be written in graduate level English in APA format.

Your paper should be 1-2 pages plus a title and reference page.

Dave, a 16-year old boy, is seen in an intake counseling session accompanied by his mother. His mother is worried because Dave is so angry.  Dave tells you that he hates his parents. He tells you that he is sick of his father’s alcoholic rages and his mother making excuses for them. Mom tells you that Dave will argue and pick a fight with his father when Dad is drinking.  Often times, this ends with fights between Dave and his Dad.  On more than one occasion Dave has suffered from a black eye. Dave tells you that he only picks these fights to protect his 12-year old brother by “getting the heat off of him”. Mom tells you that it’s always impossible for her to tell who started the physical fight and asks what she should do.
 
Assignment Outcomes
Recognize the major issues related to sound and professional practice in psychology 
Assess and evaluate legal and ethical mandates in clinical context 
Describe local laws regulating the practice of psychology