What is a mutation?What was the name of the mutation found in the dark mice?

please read and carefully understand the instructions, you will have to watch all the 4 videos and answer all and each question under the video. you will find the 3 video’s link is in the instructions and the fourth one in the pdf attached.

Natural Selection and the Rock Pocket Mouse — HHMI BioInteractive Video
How quickly can natural selection work? “The Making of the Fittest: Natural Selection and Adaptation” tells the story of a living example of Darwin’s process…youtu.be Adaptions Rock pocket The Rock Pocket Mouse is the “Snickers Bar” of the desert………..

What is a mutation?
Can evolution repeat itself?
What was the name of the mutation found in the dark mice?
What environmental change occued that led to an increase in the dark alleles?
What three factors illustrate how the rock pocket mouce scenario is a good model to represent natural selection?


GMOs and feeding the world
https://www.ted.com/talks/pamela_ronald_the_case_for_engineering_our_food/up-next?language=The case for engineering our food
Pamela Ronald studies the genes that make plants more resistant to disease and stress. In an eye-opening talk, she describes her decade-long quest to isolate a gene that allows rice to survive prolonged flooding. She shows how the genetic improvement of seeds saved the Hawaiian papaya crop in the 1990s — and makes the case that modern genetics is sometimes the most effective method to advance sustainable agriculture and enhance food security for our planet’s growing population.www.ted.com 

 view the attached TEDs talk.  Summarize why Dr. Ronald supports GMO technology
Find another TEDs talk (or presentation) that DISAGREES or contradicts her point of view. Attach the link. Briefly summarize why the source is opposed to GMO technology.  
Where do you stand on this issue? 


video #4: Germ Theory 

What is childbed fever? (1 point)
What was Semmelweis’s hypothesis as to why more women were dying of childbed fever under the doctor’s care rather than the midwives? (1 point)
Why were Semmelweis’s ideas not accepted in 1846? (2 points)
Why was Pasteur so concerned with finding out about disease transmission? (1 point)
What industry was he working for? (1 point) 
Pasteur’s experiment led to what theory? (1 point)   

The risk of cholera today in US versus third world countries.

Write a one to two page summary of the following learning objectives:

coliforms are indicators of fecal contamination and that most foodborne illness pathogens have fecal reservoirs
the history of cholera and how it led to the need for sanitary water monitoring (why couldn’t we just look for V. cholera?)
the risk of cholera today in US versus third world countries (not in materials – look it up)
the differences in coliform, fecal coliform, and E. coli
how galactosidase detects coliforms and glucuronidase detects most E. coli strains
how Salmonella, Shigella, E. coli O157, and Enterobacter fit into the coliform, fecal coliform, E. coli indicator assay
both the MPN and membrane filtration techniques for determining coliforms in samples
how petrifilm products work to enumerate coliforms and E. coli
coliform indicators are far from perfect and they have their deficiencies

The impact of Norovirus on foodborne illness.

Write a one to two page summary of the following learning objectives:

the overall 2011 FBI (foodborne illness) estimates and the most common FBI’s
how FBI’s from last century compare to today
the roles of USDA, FDA, and CDC in food safety
the number of foodborne pathogens (total versus common)
the impact of Norovirus on foodborne illness
the impact of unidentified FBI and implications on emerging pathogens
the cost of FBI
the leading causes of FBI deaths
the role immunocompromised people play in FBI
the role of the bodies defense in who gets ill and how many microorganisms are required to get an infection
the difference between infection and intoxication
the leading causes of FBI outbreaks these past two years
some key factors leading to FBI increases
emerging FB

What should speakers pay attention to in terms of their body movement? Eye contact? Their voice? Their appearance?

For this discussion board post, you will watch two speakers who differ greatly in their communication and delivery styles. You must be honest without being inappropriate or cruel. Your post must be at least 600 words.
1.First, you will view the speech of Phil Davison. After watching Phil Davison, please write a brief synopsis of your feelings toward his delivery style.
2.Next, you will view Jarrett Krosoczka and his speech about lunch ladies. Please also write a brief synopsis of his delivery.
3.Who do you believe to be more effective? Why is delivery so important in getting your message across?
4. Please discuss some of the things your book discusses (go back to chapter 2) in terms of effect and engaging delivery. What should speakers pay attention to in terms of their body movement? Eye contact? Their voice? Their appearance? Finally, how is the content of the speech affected when a speaker has really strong delivery? What about when he/she has a lackluster delivery?

Why do endurance athletes “blood dope”what does that mean? Is there an underlying natural mechanism?

 These should answer the inquiry by incorporating the week’s work in your own words. No quotes. No paraphrasing. All in your own words and turned in to the proper assignment slot in CANVAS. Use a basic 5 paragraph essay style, support your points with data and critical thinking.  No late submissions. No makeups. ALL SUBMISSIONS MUST BE .doc, .docx, OR .pdf  OR it is a zero (0), no extensions/no resubmissions for wrong file format. These assignments will be work 50 points a piece. This category of assignments is worth 350 points, excess scores will drop starting with the lowest.
Essay Topic: Why do endurance athletes “blood dope”…what does that mean? Is there an underlying natural mechanism?

Analyze what is meant by religion.

World View Chart Assignments
, with a total of 315 points.  
A world view is a fundamental or basic orientation of thinking – like a mindset – which guides a culture and / or a person’s life. Like a point of view, it can be built of concepts, ideas, values, emotions, and ethics. “Weltanschauung” is the German word for this idea. Your goal for this course is to understand the world views of these various religions. In order to prepare you for your final assignment, you will outline the world views of various religions in the chart below, adding to it each week.
For this assignment, students will complete the weekly area of the chart, filling in the aspects of each religion as it is presented in the readings and resources. This chart, when complete, will be the starting point for the written assignment, due in Week 10.
For each weekly submission:

Review the weekly lectures and supplemental materials provided, then complete the chart by elaborating on each section related to the weekly content.
Identify key details and examples from the weekly resources to serve as a basis for the content being recorded in your chart.
Write clearly and coherently using correct grammar, punctuation, spelling, and mechanics.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Analyze what is meant by religion.
Analyze the similarities and differences in the primary beliefs held by major religious traditions and the cultures in which these religions evolved.
Describe the varieties of religious experience and practice in a wide range of cultures.
Recognize how daily life within various religions and current affairs are influenced by religion.
Use technology and information resources to research issues in religion.
Write clearly and concisely about world religions using proper writing mechanics.

Examine the factors that account for why the growth in the worlds population can negatively affect global society.

Assignment 3b: Threats to the Global Environment Counterargument 
The members of the United Nations are impressed by your presentation. The information you provided has led to productive debates. There are now questions about prioritizing the issues at hand. Some of the countries are challenging your recommendations and questioning your reasons for not including certain other issues they believe are priorities.
There are four remaining threats in the list of major global issues. Review the topics and reflect on two that you did not use in Assignment 3a. Defend your reasons for considering these topics to be less important than the issues you assessed in Assignment 3a.
Energy sources
Civil war
Poor health of entire populations
Lack of educational opportunities
Cultural taboos
Inappropriate uses of technology
Climate change

Choose two of these four threats and write one paragraph on each threat stating why each is less a priority to the health of the global environment than the four you assessed in Assignment 3a.
Support your argument with at least three scholarly sources for each threat chosen (a total of at least 6 sources) that can be used to support your position that these two threats are less a priority than the four threats which you chose to assess in assignment 3a.
Each counterargument should include:

An opening statement describing the threat; Three (3) points that offer evidence which supports your position that these threats are less a priority than the four threats that you assessed in Assignment 3a.

Please cite at least three scholarly sources in your argument.
For a brief list of resources for this assignment, please see the end of the course guide.

This course requires use of new Strayer Writing Standards (SWS). The format is different than other Strayer University courses. Please take a moment to review the SWS documentation for details. (Note: You will be prompted to enter your Blackboard login credentials to view these standards.)
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Examine the factors that account for why the growth in the world’s population can negatively affect global society.

What are enzymes and how do they work?

Write a paper discussing your opinion based on research on the above topic. The paper should be at least 2 pages long, and not more than 4. The overall format of the paper is up to you, as long as it is an appropriate format that shows time and effort on the assignment. Keep this in simple, real world wording. Don’t just copy definitions from Bio 101 or resources. Write as though you are trying to explain the subject to your friends or family in your own words.  You must use at least 3 resources to support your discussion.
Make sure you explore and fully answer the following questions in your paper.
· What are enzymes and how do they work? (Again, keep this in simple, real world wording. Don’t just copy Bio 101 definition.)
· What is the raw food diet? Full explanation
· What claims does the raw food diet make about not cooking foods because they destroy enzymes?
· What happens to enzymes during digestion/when it comes into contact with our stomach acids?
· Find support/oppostion for both sides of the argument (for and against) and what you find to be most believable.
· What happened in lab when you exposed enzymes to heat and different pHs? Use this information to discuss what may happen when food is cooked or exposed to stomach acid after we eat them. 
· Make sure to discuss optimal temps and pH’s…different enzymes have different optimals…how does this play into this topic?
· Make sure to include your opinions on the subject. You can even make the paper persuasive if you like.
· Keep the focus on the topic above. You can discuss other benefits/disadvantages of the raw food diet; however, the majority of the paper should focus on enzymes in relation to the diet claims.

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