Importance of joining professional organizations as a student and/or a future public health practitioner.

For your first article assignment you will need to read the two articles below and write a short discussion paper on professional organizations and membership. In the top right hand corner of your paper include your name, course number and date (single spaced). A title page and/or reference page isn’t required. However, within the body of your paper you must appropriately cite your work.
The content of your summary must be at least 2 typed pages (doubled space, Time New Roman 12 font, using APA writing style). As part of your conclusion state your opinion related to the importance of joining professional organizations as a student and/or a future public health practitioner.

How would you best explain a single gene disorder?

Art Primary post
Primary Post Prompt: It is time to be a screenwriter again. Compose a conversation between the emperor, senator, city planner, and sculptor regarding the design for a new Roman colony. Some things to consider are the role of propaganda both in terms of the buildings and the sculptural statements, the layout of a typical Roman city, and the administrative centers that it must include as a Roman city. Remember to include as many specific terms as possible like architectural vocabulary (basilica, fenestrated groin vault, revetments for concrete, etc.) and art-specific vocabulary (high and low [bas] relief sculpture, sculpture in the round, verism, contrapposto, the four styles of Roman frescos, etc.)
Response Post Prompt: Compose a critique of the conversation as the historical consultant for this project (film, documentary, or network series).
Remember to include in-text citation and that at least two response posts are required for this assignment.

Art Voice Thread 5 Figures: (Picture) 10/11/19
CH 3 Online text book

BIO HW: Primary Post and Peer Response
This week we are covering simple inheritance. You will discuss the article Mendelian Genetics: Patterns of Inheritance and Single-Gene Disorders (Links to an external site.) by Heidi Chial. She explains that some human diseases that follow a pattern of inheritance that follows Mendels monozygotic genetics are known as single gene disorders.
How would you best explain a single gene disorder? Can you find other single gene disorders not mentioned in the article? This discussion is also related to the Genetics in Practice case studies at the beginning and end of each chapter. Although there are plenty of ‘single gene’ phenotypes in humans, they may not really be determined by just one gene. So, in your discussion, include information you gain from browsing the Myth of Human Genetics (Links to an external site.) site discussing textbook examples of supposed single gene heredity of non-disease traits (physical appearance and behavior).

Peer Response:

What are the pros and cons of re-introducing native or releasing new species to an ecosystem?

Population Dynamics – Reintroduced wolves to the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem
Pythons – A cautionary tale Part 1
Pythons – A cautionary tale Part 2
Look at the YouTube videos, AND do your own research to answer the question: What are the pros and cons of re-introducing native or releasing new species to an ecosystem?  

Contrast the role of wolves in Yellowstone to the Burmese pythons in the Everglades to explain what we do and don’t know about the role of populations in ecosystems.

Choose any animal, plant or fungus species and describe its life cycle.

1. Choose an animal, plant or fungus species and describe its life cycle.  Do you think the reproductive strategy of your chosen species has any advantages or disadvantages compared to the others?

2. Watch the HHMI video “Biology of Skin Color””
Summarize the findings from Dr. Jablonski’s research.

Could influenza virus be used a biological weapon?

The Spanish flu killed somewhere between 20-50 million people.  It is cited as the worst epidemic in recorded world history, killing more people than World War I. One of the most terrifying aspects of this virus was that it targeted healthy people age 20-40 which is highly unusual.  Most deadly pandemic outbreaks affect those in the population with under developed or weak immune systems, the very young and the very old.  Although rare, some victims died within hours or days after appearance of symptoms.  Most people died within 7-10 days.   Many died from a secondary infection of bacterial pneumonia.  As the cells of respiratory tract were destroyed by the virus, it allowed bacterial infections to run rampant.
The unusual nature of this influenza virus is attributed to a surface protein, hemagglutinin (HA) which resembled avian influenza HA receptors.  These receptors help the virus gain entry into their host cell.  As humans have no prior exposure to an avian influenza strain, they have very little immunity, thus if it gains entry into human cells, it can be very deadly.  Fortunately, avian HA receptors are not adapted to bind to human cells and usually do not cause illness in humans.  It was previously theorized that the avian influenza strain must pass into an intermediately host, such as a pig, recombine, then be passed to humans.  This is no longer the predominant theory after the H5N1 influenza outbreak in Hong Kong in 1997.  This strain passed directly from birds to humans without an intermediate host.  H5N1 is highly pathogenic with an 60- 80% mortality rate.  That being said, the strain is still not adapted to humans and fortunately does not transmit from person to person.  All of the infected individuals were in contact with infected poultry.  This strain reemerged in 2003 and 2004 in China, spreading from Asia to Europe to Africa.   
What made the Spanish flu so deadly was high person-to-person transmission.  Another influenza pandemic could occur if an avian flu strain mutated to cause infection in humans combined with high transmission between people.  We would have little to no immunity against the virus.  With the high rates of travel and commerce around the world, a local outbreak would quickly transform into a pandemic with little time for preparation.
It is important to note influenza viruses are RNA viruses and possess rather “sloppy” replication.  There are eight RNA segments.  When two different strains of influenza infect the same organism, these RNA molecules can combine to form a novel strain.  This is called antigenic shift and it occurs rapidly.  Influenza also undergoes antigenic drift, where one strain of the virus mutates within itself.  This gradual evolution is very common, but occurs much more slowly, thus the name drift. 
Dr. Robert Webster, a renowned virologist warns us “All the genes of all influenza viruses in the world are being maintained in aquatic birds, and periodically they transmit to other species. . . The 1918 viruses are still being maintained in the bird reservoir. So even though these viruses are very ancient, they still have the capacity to evolve, to acquire new genes, new hosts. The potential is still there for the catastrophe of 1918 to happen again.” 
Most scientists agree it’s not IF a pandemic will occur, it’s WHEN.  Based on this information, do you think influenza will be the next pandemic or do you think it may be another virus?  What other types of transmission could cause a pandemic?  Could influenza virus be used a biological weapon? 

Accurate knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases, and how to test for them.

Imagine a scenario in which you and a new partner are discussing testing for sexually transmitted infections. Devise a strategy for addressing this issue with your partner.  Write out a role-play conversation with your partner using the effective communication strategies. Your script must be at least 650 words long. Your script should demonstrate accurate knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases, and how to test for them. Use at least 2 references to support your work. 

The risk of food spoilage in foodservice operations and the consequences of mixing many different foods together.

Write a one to two page summary of the following learning objectives:

the many different types of operations that make up the retail and foodservice sector
some of the common features with retail and foodservice foods and the one main difference between retail and foodservice foods
the sheer number and complexity of retail foods and which of those provide the most (least) concerns
the top five reasons for foodborne illness in foodservice operations
the relationship between food employees and Norovirus, Hepatitis A, and Staphylococcus aureus foodborne illness.
the risk of food spoilage in foodservice operations and the consequences of mixing many different foods together

What are sister chromatids and how do they differ from homologous chromosomes?

Bio HW:
Answer the following questions:
1. Assign a function to the following cellular structures: plasma membrane, mitochondrion, nucleus, ribosome.
2. What are sister chromatids and how do they differ from homologous chromosomes?
3. Identify the stages of mitoses and describe the important events that occur during each stage.
4. What is physically exchanged during crossing over?
5. Provide two reasons why the process of meiosis leads to genetic variation in diploid organisms.

Compose a two-page response to the video. Your compositions should be two pages, double-spaced, 12 point font, MLA.

Apartheid and post-apartheid South Africa.

Required Procedures:

Read Disgrace by J. M. Coetzee in its entirety before beginning your paper. Take notes as you read. Mark some interesting passages and save necessary source information (such as page numbers) for your in-text documentation and your Works Cited list.
Do not simply repeat or summarize the story. 

Write your well-constructed thesis, topic sentences, supporting details roughly before beginning.

Do some research. It’s important to know a bit about apartheid and post-apartheid South Africa before you begin the paper. Take notes and save necessary source information for your Works Cited list. 

Use at least two outside sources from scholarly sites or journals.
Write a minimum 850-word (or more if necessary) for a good literary essay.
Use formal language and the third person, avoiding personal anecdotes and eliminating all references to yourself at all (I believe, in my opinion, etc).

Revise, edit, and proofread, proofread, proofread. It’s easy to make mistakes. Correct them before you submit your paper.    

Topic*Symbolism in the novel*