The Major Components of Life.

The Major Components of Life
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic are the two major categories of cells making up life on earth. Both these types require water and carbon.
Describe the characteristics of water and carbon that makes them important to living things in general, and to specific forms of life including plants, animals, and prokaryotes. Why is NASA looking for water on Mars?
Describe the differences in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. How have the characteristics of each kind of cell put limitations and provided opportunities for the survival and divergence of modern living things? Why might both cell types be considered equally successful? Make sure to consider both Domains of Prokaryotes.
The essay must be informed by the textbook.

Research the ways in which architecture, design and building have been advanced as a result of technology.

For this week’s Tuesday journal, you should research the ways in which architecture, design and building have been advanced as a result of technology.  This could be through advancements in materials, design software, or any other related advancement.  Find an article that discusses the advances made in building and/or design.  Briefly summarize the article and the way the technology has advanced the architecture/construction and post the link here to the article. 
Your post should be 2-3 strong paragraphs, include the article link.

The main nutrient differences in meats versus vegetables.

Write a one to two page summary of the following learning objectives:

the main nutrient differences in meats versus vegetables
the complexity of carbohydrates in vegetables
vegetable biota in relation to soil biota
the main characteristics of lactic acid bacteria and why they colonize vegetables
the relationship of coliforms to vegetables
the relationship of sporeformers to vegetables
the spoilage of vegetables by its biota
sporeformer vegetable pathogens and their relation to spices
survival of E. coli and Salmonella in dry plant foods
the main nutrient differences in meats versus fruits
the significance of the pH level of 4.6 regarding fruits
the potential hazard E. coli O157:H7 is for unpasteurized fruit juice
the role watering plays in vegetable and fruit microbiology

An example of chromogenic media and its use.

Write a two page summary including:
(a) provide an example of chromogenic media and its use,
(b) summarize the principles of ATP bioluminescence and sanitation monitoring,
(c) provide an example of an ELISA based toxin detection product and its use, and
(d) how PFGE is used to determine the extent of a national Salmonella outbreak (basically how does epidemiologists know that the Salmonella infection patient one has in Utah is the same or different than patient 2 in New Mexico?)

How do bacteria develop resistance.

Go to the following links to watch the videos on:
Antibiotic Reistance 
Stopping the Superbugs

Based on what you learned from the Videos and what you have learned about antimicrobial resistance from your text book, discuss the following in two paragraphs (a paragraph should be minimum 150 words).

How do bacteria develop resistance (first paragraph)
What can be done to reduce antimicrobial resistance? (2nd paragraph)

Read your classmates’ postings, and respond to at least one of them.
Your post will be graded as follows:( see the attached rubric)

Clear response to the prompt(s) using standard English grammar and spelling
Substantial comment to one classmate (do not simply say “Good Idea” or “I agree”). Demonstrate thoughtfulness towards the topic, it should relate insignts or genuine understanding.
10%   Total

The effects of food additives.

Studies on the effects of food additives, in particular artificial food dyes such as Red-40, Yellow-5, and Blue-2, have been conducted since the 1970’s. The results of these investigations show that some additives can cause cancer or influence other conditions (e.g., allergies, asthma) in animal models. Despite the evidence, these findings have been discounted in most major countries. Critics suggest that the history of food additives is cause for concern, and that some of these decisions are made in the interests of multi-billion dollar food industries. Proponents argue that testing of food additives is already sufficient.

Task: Investigate the effects of consumption of artificial food dyes on adults and children. When investigating any contentious issue, you always should read through each website’s “About Us” link to help you understand their mission and identify potential biases and agendas. With that said, a good place to start is the website for the Center for Science the Public Interest (opens window). Your goal is to answer the following questions (be sure to number each answer so it is clear which question you answering):

Should food dyes be outlawed in the US? Why or why not?
Will you try to avoid them in the future? If so, how will you do this?

Remember to include the resources you used in your research and thoroughly explain your opinion. Be sure to cite and reference your sources in APA format