Project Instructions You have been recently hired as a network administrator for

Project
Instructions
You have been
recently hired as a network administrator for the xAcme Technology Trade
School. The school realizes that the local systems administrators need help
implementing certain technologies at each of the remote locations, as well as
final WAN configurations. Out of the network administrators on staff, you have
been asked to move the Cisco Network Proposal forward. With your
background and skills, you will design, implement, and assist in configurations
to support xAcmes topology.
Technologies
to implement will differ from site to site, as administrators have begun topology
implementations. You will be provided the overall topology as well as certain
device configurations in order to determine the best course of action per
site/challenge. In addition to helping the school configure its network, xAcme
requires that all new network administrators obtain their CCNA certification
within 60 days of being hired. You are excited about starting this project but
realize creating a schedule to help balance your work and home life will be the
key to success.
In this
learning demonstration, you will use TestOut Routing and Switching Pro (LabSim)
to learn how to install, configure, manage, and troubleshoot Cisco
Internetworking devices in a small enterprise branch network. LabSim will also
prepare you for the CCNA Certification exam. In order to identify your
strengths and weaknesses, you will first complete the CCNA Certification
Practice Exam. During the next eight weeks, as you step through each set of
activities in TestOut LabSim, you will submit the configurations in three parts.
Use the results of the certification practice exam you took at the beginning of
the class to help guide you on which areas within TestOut LabSim you should pay
closer attention.
There are nine
steps in this effort that lead you through each deliverable. Begin
with Step 1, obtaining access to TestOut Security Pro and enrolling in TestOut
LabSim, and then continue with Step 2, taking the CCNA Certification
Practice Exam.

Cisco Network Proposal (Parts 1-3)

.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/overview.png”>
Overview

Your proposal will be submitted in three
major parts:
Springfield
Device and STP Configurations (i.e., Part 1)Worchester
Subnetting Configurations and Boston Site Protocol, Route Summarization,
and Topology Improvement (i.e., Part 2)Sacramento
Site VLAN, Routing on a Stick(ROS) and DHCP Implementation, Los Angeles
Site Management Technologies, xACME WAN – WAN Implementation and Security
Communications (i.e., Part 3)
The details for each of these Part (i.e.,
Part 1, 2, and 3) can be found below. Each of these parts will be submitted to
the LEO Assignments folders and.turnitin.com/”>TurnItIn.
Each of these parts should be submitted independently of the other parts. That
is, only submit Part 1 to the LEO – Assignments – Cisco Network Proposal Part 1
submission folder. Only submit Part 2 to the LEO – Assignments – Cisco Network
Proposal Part 2 submission folder. And, only submit Part 3 to the LEO –
Assignments – Cisco Network Proposal Part 3 submission folder.
Along with the challenges presented in
this document, you will be provided an overall site topology to work from, as
well as specific device configurations (where applicable) to make your
recommendations.
Suggested solutions should be
comprehensive and justified in approach. Configurations of technologies should
be written out to help guide the systems administrators with implementation. In
some cases, you may find it necessary to implement additional cabling, which
can be done by adding to the supplied topology. Any adjustments to the sites
topology that you find necessary should be documented and supplied with your
submission.
Your document will be divided up by site
and solutions per site. Each area is unique in requirements but collectively
will demonstrate your understanding of network routing and switching
technologies. Each scenario will provide you with suggested sections within TestOut
(LabSim) to use as a guide in your analysis and recommendations.
To learn how you will be assessed on this
assignment, take a moment to review the rubric. The final deliverable should
adhere to the following criteria:
Use
this template as a guide while creating your Cisco Network Proposal (Parts
1-3).Include
at least two scholarly references in each of the three submissions. Thus,
a total of six scholarly references will be included in total. Students
may find scholarly sources by visiting.umuc.edu/library/libhow/articles.cfm”>UMUCs
library and online sources.
Students will also include other.umuc.edu/library/libhow/credibility.cfm”>credible sources
as appropriate.Use
.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/IEEE.html”>IEEE
citation style. We do not use APA
or MLA-style citations. Students should contact.umuc.edu/current-students/learning-resources/writing-center/index.cfm”>UMUCs Effective Writing Center for assistance.Use
proper terminology and expand acronyms in each paragraph they are used.
For example, the first time in a paragraph an acronym is used it should be
expanded (e.g., University of Maryland University College (UMUC).
Thereafter, and as long as you are in the same paragraph, the acronym
(e.g., UMUC) can be used. When starting a new paragraph, the rule begins
anew.The
use of figures and diagrams is encouraged. Students will properly cite the
figures and diagrams according to the.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/IEEE.html”>IEEE
citation style.Before
submitting each part to the appropriate folder in LEO – Assignments,
students will upload to.turnitin.com/”>TurnItIn.
Students should review the LEO – Announcements for specific instructions
or contact the Professor.

Existing VLANs

Remote locations vary in terms of size and
requirements. Some implementations will require current site
router/switch-running configurations, which will be provided. All sites will
use the following four VLANs, but you will need to configure only what is asked
per site (some assumptions will be made).
Existing VLANs, per xACME:
Faculty VLAN
used by faculty on-site for all office
locations (non-instructional communications)
total devices per site will vary
Administrative VLAN
used by staff on-site for business
administrative communications
total devices per site will vary
Academic VLAN
used by faculty and students for classroom
labs and instructional communications
total devices per site will vary
Server VLAN
used by IT staff for all
technology/management communications
total devices per site will vary
The types of devices per site will be the
same; however, the number of deployed devices may vary (all documented in the
xAcme educational topology).

.jpg”>
Note: Device type will not impact your
configuration commands and implementation of ALL required technologies will use
Cisco IOS commands/concepts learned in our TestOut lecture(s). Standard
switchports will be configured and used as trunk OR access ports, and DCE ends
should be noted when configuring serial ports per router.
Click here to download the configuration
file for all of the devices. Note: one of the files in the zip file is a
PacketTracer file. You can open it using the Packet Tracer program that you can
download from here. The use of Packet Tracer is optional.
.jpg”>

.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/computer-config.png”>
Springfield
Site Device and STP Configurations (Focus on the Springfield Site Only)

Required Implementation: Device
hostnames, banners, secured passwords and spanning tree protocol

Device
Configurations:Implement device
hostnames to match the xACME educational topology labels. Provide a
template and sample configuration for the MOTD banner and login banner (wording
and implementation) for one of the switches. Keep this generic, as it will
be implemented on allswitches in the xACME educational topology.
Lastly, include the configuration steps for implementing device passwords
on both console port (out-of-band communications) and VTY (Telnet/in-band
communications). All passwords should be encrypted.Spanning
Tree Protocol (STP):Briefly explain the
advantages and purpose of the STP. Administrators are having a difficult
time placing switch 1 as the root. Provide a sample configuration for
implementing SPT on the switches. Choose the mode you feel would be best
suited for the environment and justify why. Switch 1 will need to be the
root switch in the Springfield topology. Consider any security measures
that can be implemented to protect the devices from bogus BPDUs.
Note:When
approaching the spanning tree challenge, do not concern yourself with
the multiple VLANs at this time. Focus simply on the default VLAN1, which is
the active VLAN that all ports belong to in this topology at this time.
Please
refer to the following configurations:SpringfieldSw1SpringfieldSw2SpringfieldSw3SpringfieldSw4

Worchester
Site Device and STP Configurations (Focus on the Worchester Site Only)

Required Implementation: Subnet
addressing to accommodate Worchester site
Subnetting:Properly
subnet addressing blocks to accommodate the site’s VLAN sizes. You will not
need to implement VLANs here; rather, you will create the correct sizing to
properly accommodate the devices stated per the xACME educational topology.
Carefully consider the challenges faced when structuring subnets too large
and/or too small during your design. The starting Worchester site addressing
range is 10.20.0.0 /16 (per the xACME educational topology diagram). Formatting
per subnet should follow the format below and should be clearly stated and
placed within a table.

NetID

mask/CIDR values

broadcast

usable range

No additional device
configurations required to complete

.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/computer-config.png”>
Boston
Site Routing Protocol, Route Summarization and Topology Improvements (Focus on
the Boston Site Only)

Required Implementation:
Implement a routing protocol to manage networks within the Boston site topology
as well as default routes to exit non-Boston traffic. Summarization addresses
should be stated per router in Bostons topology. Consider redundancy upgrades
as well and document per topology.

Routing Protocol:Research
the different routing protocol types (distance vector/link state/hybrid) and
choose a routing protocol implement (OSPF, EIGRP, RIP). Justify your selection
by defining its strengths and weaknesses. Define the proper addressing block to
assign per point-to-point links and implement your solution per all three
routers. Routing protocol should be set up in a way to advertise all IP
subnets, WAN, and LAN interfaces on a router. Be sure to protect the
advertisements of the routing tables as well.

Summarization:Define
the route summarization addresses for each Boston site router. These addresses
will not be implemented on the routers, but they will be documented in your
response. Each summarization address must be large enough to include all
required subnets contained within the underlying site subnets.

Default Route:Any
traffic not matching internal networks will need to be routed outward.
Implement default routes on the site routers to exit this traffic.

Topology:Consider
the potential challenges with the current Boston site topology (cabling and
redundancy approach). If improvements are needed, update the topology and
discuss and routing redundancy approaches you see fit.

Please refer to the
following configurations:
o BostonSiteRouter1
o BostonSiteRouter2
o BostonSiteRouter3

.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/computer-config.png”>
Sacramento
Site VLAN, Routing on a Stick (ROS) and DHCP Implementation (Focus on the
Sacramento Site Only)

Required Implementation: VLANs,
ROS, and DHCP implementation

VLANs:Implement
the VLAN database on the Sacramento site switches. Explain the assignment of
switchport modes and how to implement each. Demonstrate how to implement port
security on the switchports to allow only two MAC addresses per port and
shutdowns for violations. Additionally, consider proper security management of
any unused ports.
o Provide
the VLAN IDs, ports with matching switchport modes, and sample configuration of
port security and port management steps.

ROS:The site
will be treated as a routing on a stick (ROS) topology. Provide a sample
configuration for Sacramento fa0/0 interface to support the multiple VLANs and
inter-VLAN routing.
o To
simplify configuration, please use the following addressing:
faculty
VLAN: 10.50.0.0 /26
administrative
VLAN: 10.50.0.64 /26
instructional
VLAN: 10.50.0.128 /26
server
VLAN: 10.50.0.192 /26

DHCP:The site
will need a solution to manage the deployment of IP addresses. Briefly explain
the purpose of DHCP and provide implementation of the DHCP configuration for
the VLANs. Be sure to include the pool name, exclude the last 10 addresses of
each subnet range and configure the gateway, subnet mask, and DNS address
(Sacramento fa0/0 address).

Please refer to the
following configurations:
o SacramentoSw1
o SacramentoSw2
o SacramentoSw3
o SacramentoRouter

.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/computer-config.png”>
Los
Angeles Site Management Technologies (Focus on the Los Angeles Site Only)

Required Implementation: Device
configuration remote storage, remote management of switches, ACL
implementation, and an NTP solution.

Remote IOS Storage:The site
will require remote storage of the devices’ configurations. Server details are
provided per your topology. You will determine the protocol to use and
demonstrate how to implement the solution.

Remote Management of
Switches: All devices will be configured to allow for remote management.
You will be required to implement this solution on the switches found on the
site.

ACL Implementation:In order
to restrict and protect access to the devices, the only VLAN allowed to
communicate remotely with the devices should belong to the server VLAN.
Determine the type of ACL to implement and the placement of the list, and
implement the solution on the site router.

Network Time Protocol:Implement
an NTP solution on the devices found within this topology to ensure clock
synchronization is accomplished. The purpose would be for accurate logging
records and authentication protocols. Server details are provided per your
topology.

Please refer to the
following configurations:
o LosAngelesSw1
o LosAngelesSw2
o LosAngelesSw3
o LosAngelesRouter

.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/computer-config.png”>
xACME WAN
WAN Implementation and Secure Communications (Focus on All Site Entry Point
Routers)

Required Implementation: WAN
Implementation, device authentication, and topology suggestions.

WAN Implementation:Current
WAN links are serial-based and connected over leased lines that are using the
Cisco default protocol for layer 2 connectivity. Authentication is not present
at this time, but the added security would be preferred. Research the available
WAN protocols and suggest a solution to provide authentication between devices.
Implement basic routing protocol authentication. Provide a sample
implementation over serial links for your systems administrator to follow.
Included in this task are device configurations for the current implementation.

Topology:Currently,
the Los Angeles and Boston sites are connected across leased lines, and each
remains as the entry point to its respective regional locations. There is
growing concern over the amount of traffic both devices are handling. Review
the xAMCE educational topology and make recommendations to provide some
redundancy among sites, as well as to alleviate some of the bandwidth
requirements placed on both devices. This may require additional lines to be
leased. With your suggested improvements, update the topology as you see fit.
Note:Additional
addressing is available if needed. Simply create the additional ranges from the
provided available xACME public address range, 165.128.63.0 /26.

Please refer to the
following configurations:
o BostonSiteRouter1
o WorchesterRouter
o SpringfieldRouter
o SacramentoRouter
o LosAngelesRouter
Project
InstructionsYou have been
recently hired as a network administrator for the xAcme Technology Trade
School. The school realizes that the local systems administrators need help
implementing certain technologies at each of the remote locations, as well as
final WAN configurations. Out of the network administrators on staff, you have
been asked to move the Cisco Network Proposal forward. With your
background and skills, you will design, implement, and assist in configurations
to support xAcmes topology.Technologies
to implement will differ from site to site, as administrators have begun topology
implementations. You will be provided the overall topology as well as certain
device configurations in order to determine the best course of action per
site/challenge. In addition to helping the school configure its network, xAcme
requires that all new network administrators obtain their CCNA certification
within 60 days of being hired. You are excited about starting this project but
realize creating a schedule to help balance your work and home life will be the
key to success.In this
learning demonstration, you will use TestOut Routing and Switching Pro (LabSim)
to learn how to install, configure, manage, and troubleshoot Cisco
Internetworking devices in a small enterprise branch network. LabSim will also
prepare you for the CCNA Certification exam. In order to identify your
strengths and weaknesses, you will first complete the CCNA Certification
Practice Exam. During the next eight weeks, as you step through each set of
activities in TestOut LabSim, you will submit the configurations in three parts.
Use the results of the certification practice exam you took at the beginning of
the class to help guide you on which areas within TestOut LabSim you should pay
closer attention.There are nine
steps in this effort that lead you through each deliverable. Begin
with Step 1, obtaining access to TestOut Security Pro and enrolling in TestOut
LabSim, and then continue with Step 2, taking the CCNA Certification
Practice Exam.Cisco Network Proposal (Parts 1-3).png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/overview.png”>Overview-Your proposal will be submitted in three
major parts:The details for each of these Part (i.e.,
Part 1, 2, and 3) can be found below. Each of these parts will be submitted to
the LEO Assignments folders and.turnitin.com/”>TurnItIn.
Each of these parts should be submitted independently of the other parts. That
is, only submit Part 1 to the LEO – Assignments – Cisco Network Proposal Part 1
submission folder. Only submit Part 2 to the LEO – Assignments – Cisco Network
Proposal Part 2 submission folder. And, only submit Part 3 to the LEO –
Assignments – Cisco Network Proposal Part 3 submission folder.Along with the challenges presented in
this document, you will be provided an overall site topology to work from, as
well as specific device configurations (where applicable) to make your
recommendations.Suggested solutions should be
comprehensive and justified in approach. Configurations of technologies should
be written out to help guide the systems administrators with implementation. In
some cases, you may find it necessary to implement additional cabling, which
can be done by adding to the supplied topology. Any adjustments to the sites
topology that you find necessary should be documented and supplied with your
submission.Your document will be divided up by site
and solutions per site. Each area is unique in requirements but collectively
will demonstrate your understanding of network routing and switching
technologies. Each scenario will provide you with suggested sections within TestOut
(LabSim) to use as a guide in your analysis and recommendations.To learn how you will be assessed on this
assignment, take a moment to review the rubric. The final deliverable should
adhere to the following criteria:Existing VLANsRemote locations vary in terms of size and
requirements. Some implementations will require current site
router/switch-running configurations, which will be provided. All sites will
use the following four VLANs, but you will need to configure only what is asked
per site (some assumptions will be made).Existing VLANs, per xACME:Faculty VLANused by faculty on-site for all office
locations (non-instructional communications)total devices per site will varyAdministrative VLANused by staff on-site for business
administrative communicationstotal devices per site will varyAcademic VLANused by faculty and students for classroom
labs and instructional communicationstotal devices per site will varyServer VLANused by IT staff for all
technology/management communicationstotal devices per site will varyThe types of devices per site will be the
same; however, the number of deployed devices may vary (all documented in the
xAcme educational topology)..jpg”>Note: Device type will not impact your
configuration commands and implementation of ALL required technologies will use
Cisco IOS commands/concepts learned in our TestOut lecture(s). Standard
switchports will be configured and used as trunk OR access ports, and DCE ends
should be noted when configuring serial ports per router.Click here to download the configuration
file for all of the devices. Note: one of the files in the zip file is a
PacketTracer file. You can open it using the Packet Tracer program that you can
download from here. The use of Packet Tracer is optional..jpg”>.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/computer-config.png”>Springfield
Site Device and STP Configurations (Focus on the Springfield Site Only)-Required Implementation: Device
hostnames, banners, secured passwords and spanning tree protocolNote:When
approaching the spanning tree challenge, do not concern yourself with
the multiple VLANs at this time. Focus simply on the default VLAN1, which is
the active VLAN that all ports belong to in this topology at this time.Worchester
Site Device and STP Configurations (Focus on the Worchester Site Only)-Required Implementation: Subnet
addressing to accommodate Worchester siteSubnetting:Properly
subnet addressing blocks to accommodate the site’s VLAN sizes. You will not
need to implement VLANs here; rather, you will create the correct sizing to
properly accommodate the devices stated per the xACME educational topology.
Carefully consider the challenges faced when structuring subnets too large
and/or too small during your design. The starting Worchester site addressing
range is 10.20.0.0 /16 (per the xACME educational topology diagram). Formatting
per subnet should follow the format below and should be clearly stated and
placed within a table.
NetID
mask/CIDR values
broadcast
usable range
No additional device
configurations required to complete.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/computer-config.png”>Boston
Site Routing Protocol, Route Summarization and Topology Improvements (Focus on
the Boston Site Only)-Required Implementation:
Implement a routing protocol to manage networks within the Boston site topology
as well as default routes to exit non-Boston traffic. Summarization addresses
should be stated per router in Bostons topology. Consider redundancy upgrades
as well and document per topology.
Routing Protocol:Research
the different routing protocol types (distance vector/link state/hybrid) and
choose a routing protocol implement (OSPF, EIGRP, RIP). Justify your selection
by defining its strengths and weaknesses. Define the proper addressing block to
assign per point-to-point links and implement your solution per all three
routers. Routing protocol should be set up in a way to advertise all IP
subnets, WAN, and LAN interfaces on a router. Be sure to protect the
advertisements of the routing tables as well.
Summarization:Define
the route summarization addresses for each Boston site router. These addresses
will not be implemented on the routers, but they will be documented in your
response. Each summarization address must be large enough to include all
required subnets contained within the underlying site subnets.
Default Route:Any
traffic not matching internal networks will need to be routed outward.
Implement default routes on the site routers to exit this traffic.
Topology:Consider
the potential challenges with the current Boston site topology (cabling and
redundancy approach). If improvements are needed, update the topology and
discuss and routing redundancy approaches you see fit.
Please refer to the
following configurations:o BostonSiteRouter1o BostonSiteRouter2o BostonSiteRouter3.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/computer-config.png”>Sacramento
Site VLAN, Routing on a Stick (ROS) and DHCP Implementation (Focus on the
Sacramento Site Only)-Required Implementation: VLANs,
ROS, and DHCP implementation
VLANs:Implement
the VLAN database on the Sacramento site switches. Explain the assignment of
switchport modes and how to implement each. Demonstrate how to implement port
security on the switchports to allow only two MAC addresses per port and
shutdowns for violations. Additionally, consider proper security management of
any unused ports.o Provide
the VLAN IDs, ports with matching switchport modes, and sample configuration of
port security and port management steps.
ROS:The site
will be treated as a routing on a stick (ROS) topology. Provide a sample
configuration for Sacramento fa0/0 interface to support the multiple VLANs and
inter-VLAN routing.o To
simplify configuration, please use the following addressing:faculty
VLAN: 10.50.0.0 /26administrative
VLAN: 10.50.0.64 /26instructional
VLAN: 10.50.0.128 /26server
VLAN: 10.50.0.192 /26
DHCP:The site
will need a solution to manage the deployment of IP addresses. Briefly explain
the purpose of DHCP and provide implementation of the DHCP configuration for
the VLANs. Be sure to include the pool name, exclude the last 10 addresses of
each subnet range and configure the gateway, subnet mask, and DNS address
(Sacramento fa0/0 address).
Please refer to the
following configurations:o SacramentoSw1o SacramentoSw2o SacramentoSw3o SacramentoRouter.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/computer-config.png”>Los
Angeles Site Management Technologies (Focus on the Los Angeles Site Only)-Required Implementation: Device
configuration remote storage, remote management of switches, ACL
implementation, and an NTP solution.
Remote IOS Storage:The site
will require remote storage of the devices’ configurations. Server details are
provided per your topology. You will determine the protocol to use and
demonstrate how to implement the solution.
Remote Management of
Switches: All devices will be configured to allow for remote management.
You will be required to implement this solution on the switches found on the
site.
ACL Implementation:In order
to restrict and protect access to the devices, the only VLAN allowed to
communicate remotely with the devices should belong to the server VLAN.
Determine the type of ACL to implement and the placement of the list, and
implement the solution on the site router.
Network Time Protocol:Implement
an NTP solution on the devices found within this topology to ensure clock
synchronization is accomplished. The purpose would be for accurate logging
records and authentication protocols. Server details are provided per your
topology.
Please refer to the
following configurations:o LosAngelesSw1o LosAngelesSw2o LosAngelesSw3o LosAngelesRouter.png” alt=”https://content.umuc.edu/file/544a1486-4b7c-4d94-b96d-659de4f44b21/8/images/computer-config.png”>xACME WAN
WAN Implementation and Secure Communications (Focus on All Site Entry Point
Routers)-Required Implementation: WAN
Implementation, device authentication, and topology suggestions.
WAN Implementation:Current
WAN links are serial-based and connected over leased lines that are using the
Cisco default protocol for layer 2 connectivity. Authentication is not present
at this time, but the added security would be preferred. Research the available
WAN protocols and suggest a solution to provide authentication between devices.
Implement basic routing protocol authentication. Provide a sample
implementation over serial links for your systems administrator to follow.
Included in this task are device configurations for the current implementation.
Topology:Currently,
the Los Angeles and Boston sites are connected across leased lines, and each
remains as the entry point to its respective regional locations. There is
growing concern over the amount of traffic both devices are handling. Review
the xAMCE educational topology and make recommendations to provide some
redundancy among sites, as well as to alleviate some of the bandwidth
requirements placed on both devices. This may require additional lines to be
leased. With your suggested improvements, update the topology as you see fit.Note:Additional
addressing is available if needed. Simply create the additional ranges from the
provided available xACME public address range, 165.128.63.0 /26.
Please refer to the
following configurations:o BostonSiteRouter1o WorchesterRoutero SpringfieldRoutero SacramentoRoutero LosAngelesRouter

Some network practitioners useprivilege level to protect access to the router. W

Some network practitioners useprivilege level to protect access to the router. What are some of the security drawbacks of granting privilege levels using commands that supportsub-options? For example, would granting the configure command allow a low privilege level to make changes to the device? Why/Why not?

Advocates of computers and these online systems speak about the benefits in glow

Advocates of computers and these online systems speak about the benefits in glowing terms, but few seem to address the changes in workflow and the impact on production during the time it takes to learn and then become skilled at using these systems. Healthcare workers are being asked to do more in less time under the justification that the computer will speed the process. Describe your personal experience with automation and new information systems. How true are the claims about the benefits and the impact on the professionals? (e.g. Did the system turn a world-class healthcare worker into a data entry clerk?)

1 of 25Access will always give you step-by-step instructions to help you fix err

1 of 25Access will always give you step-by-step instructions to help you fix errors in formulas.TrueFalseQuestion2 of 25Which of the following is not an argument used in the PMT function?RateTotal_dueTypeFuture_valueQuestion3 of 25Which of the following cannot be included on a form?Drop-down listCheck boxButtonSub reportQuestion4 of 25What type of query will allow you to see statistics by category?Update queryStatistical queryDelete queryTotals queryQuestion5 of 25On a form the text box and its label would be considered two different controls.TrueFalseQuestion6 of 25The Expression Creator tool helps you create complex expressions.TrueFalseQuestion7 of 25The easiest way to find information is to search the table directly.TrueFalseQuestion8 of 25Which of the following is a popular label-producing company?Easy LabelsOkidataMakeIt LabelsAveryQuestion9 of 25What punctuation do you use to separate the arguments in a function?;:,.Question10 of 25You cannot prevent a record from being deleted in Access.TrueFalseQuestion11 of 25What type of form control do you normally use to display data?ButtonLabelText boxDataQuestion12 of 25When you want to add a condition to a Totals query, which option do you select from the Totals row list?WhenWhereGroupConditionQuestion13 of 25Which of the following tasks is not easily accomplished using a form?Move dataEnter dataEdit dataDelete dataQuestion14 of 25Which of the following is not a report view?Design viewLayout viewSQL viewReport viewQuestion15 of 25Which form (that includes the existing fields from the data source) can you create with just one click?Stacked LayoutForm WizardTabular LayoutBlank FormQuestion16 of 25A Totals query allows you to see only the results of aggregate functions, not the detail.TrueFalseQuestion17 of 25What allows you to summarize data by the values of a field?Adding a summarizing fieldAdding an update fieldAdding the proper calculated fieldAdding grouping to a queryQuestion18 of 25Access refers to aggregate functions as which of the following?Whole column functionsTotalsComplex functionsSumsQuestion19 of 25Which view do you normally use for data entry?Design viewSQL viewForm viewLayout viewQuestion20 of 25Most forms allow you to enter data into more than one record at a time.TrueFalseQuestion21 of 25Normally, when you Print Preview a report, the program will generate a report with how many pages?Only the first pageAll the pages only if they will all fit on the screen at one timeOnly the first two pagesAll the pagesQuestion22 of 25Which of the following is not true when designing a report or form?You should provide a visual separation between the primary key and the rest of the form.All text boxes should be the same length for consistency of look.Adding a bright color draws attention to a field.Changing the color of a border adds contrast.Question23 of 25The sort order in a report’s source overrides any sort order applied to the report.TrueFalseQuestion24 of 25What can the phrase “Please Excuse my Dear Aunt Sally” help you remember?Naming convention for cell rangesThe various printing options available in ExcelThe order of operationsHow to do date calculationsQuestion25 of 25Access will identify logical errors in calculated fields.TrueFalse1 of 25Access will always give you step-by-step instructions to help you fix errors in formulas.TrueFalse2 of 25Which of the following is not an argument used in the PMT function?RateTotal_dueTypeFuture_value3 of 25Which of the following cannot be included on a form?Drop-down listCheck boxButtonSub report4 of 25What type of query will allow you to see statistics by category?Update queryStatistical queryDelete queryTotals query5 of 25On a form the text box and its label would be considered two different controls.TrueFalse6 of 25The Expression Creator tool helps you create complex expressions.TrueFalse7 of 25The easiest way to find information is to search the table directly.TrueFalse8 of 25Which of the following is a popular label-producing company?Easy LabelsOkidataMakeIt LabelsAvery9 of 25What punctuation do you use to separate the arguments in a function?;:,.10 of 25You cannot prevent a record from being deleted in Access.TrueFalse11 of 25What type of form control do you normally use to display data?ButtonLabelText boxData12 of 25When you want to add a condition to a Totals query, which option do you select from the Totals row list?WhenWhereGroupCondition13 of 25Which of the following tasks is not easily accomplished using a form?Move dataEnter dataEdit dataDelete data14 of 25Which of the following is not a report view?Design viewLayout viewSQL viewReport view15 of 25Which form (that includes the existing fields from the data source) can you create with just one click?Stacked LayoutForm WizardTabular LayoutBlank Form16 of 25A Totals query allows you to see only the results of aggregate functions, not the detail.TrueFalse17 of 25What allows you to summarize data by the values of a field?Adding a summarizing fieldAdding an update fieldAdding the proper calculated fieldAdding grouping to a query18 of 25Access refers to aggregate functions as which of the following?Whole column functionsTotalsComplex functionsSums19 of 25Which view do you normally use for data entry?Design viewSQL viewForm viewLayout view20 of 25Most forms allow you to enter data into more than one record at a time.TrueFalse21 of 25Normally, when you Print Preview a report, the program will generate a report with how many pages?Only the first pageAll the pages only if they will all fit on the screen at one timeOnly the first two pagesAll the pages22 of 25Which of the following is not true when designing a report or form?You should provide a visual separation between the primary key and the rest of the form.All text boxes should be the same length for consistency of look.Adding a bright color draws attention to a field.Changing the color of a border adds contrast.23 of 25The sort order in a report’s source overrides any sort order applied to the report.TrueFalse24 of 25What can the phrase “Please Excuse my Dear Aunt Sally” help you remember?Naming convention for cell rangesThe various printing options available in ExcelThe order of operationsHow to do date calculations25 of 25Access will identify logical errors in calculated fields.TrueFalse

Question 1 (5 points)Which is equivalent to if ( ! ( grade == sentinelValue ) )?

Question 1 (5 points)Which is equivalent to if ( ! ( grade == sentinelValue ) )?Question 1 options:if ( grade !== sentinelValue )if ( grade != sentinelValue )if ( grade == sentinelValue )if ( grade !== sentinelValue )SaveQuestion 2 (5 points)The __________ always performs the logic condition test after executing the loop’s body, so the body always executes at least once.Question 2 options:for loopcase statementdo while loopswitch statementSaveQuestion 3 (5 points)In a loop, the programmer can continue execution within the executing block of code, but skip all remaining lines and simply return to the loop continuation test by using the __________ statement.Question 3 options:defaultcontinuebreakXOrSaveQuestion 4 (5 points)The programmer can perform different actions based on the value of an expression in a __________ statement.Question 4 options:forcasedo whileswitchSaveQuestion 5 (5 points)The loop body of a do…while statement always executes:Question 5 options:zero times.at least once.more than once.undeterminable.SaveQuestion 6 (5 points)In a switch statement, the __________ case will execute code when no match occurs between the switch’s expression label and the case label.Question 6 options:defaultcontinuebreakXOrSaveQuestion 7 (5 points)The conditional AND operator is represented by which of the following?Question 7 options:&&&||^SaveQuestion 8 (5 points)In a switch statement, the programmer can terminate execution within the executing case by using the __________ statement.Question 8 options:defaultcontinuebreakXOrSaveQuestion 9 (5 points)The Boolean logic AND operator is represented by which of the following?Question 9 options:&&&||!SaveQuestion 10 (5 points)Assuming a is a bool with a value of false, which of the following evaluates to true?Question 10 options:!(!a)a!a!a!SaveQuestion 11 (5 points)The && and && operators will __________ evaluate all operands in a conditional statement.Question 11 options:neveralwaysconditionallyprematurelySaveQuestion 12 (5 points)The __________ loop always performs the logic condition test before attempting to execute the loop’s body.Question 12 options:forcasedo whileswitchSaveQuestion 13 (5 points)In a loop, the programmer can terminate execution within the executing block of code by using the __________ statement.Question 13 options:defaultcontinuebreakXOrSaveQuestion 14 (5 points)The for loop header has three items specified: control variable initialization, the loop continuation condition, and __________ of the control variable.Question 14 options:increment/decrementloopingswitchbreakSaveQuestion 15 (5 points)When attempting to use a for statement’s control value after the loop’s body, what will the result be?Question 15 options:A compiler errorAn infinite loopCode execution stops after 100 loops based on the debugger settingsTrueSaveQuestion 16 (5 points)The | and & operators will __________ evaluate all operands in a conditional statement.Question 16 options:neveralwaysconditionallyprematurelySaveQuestion 17 (5 points)Which of the following operators ensures that at least one out of multiple conditions is TRUE?Question 17 options:||&&==^SaveQuestion 18 (5 points)Which of the following statements about the break statement is FALSE?Question 18 options:The break statement is used to exit a repetition statement early and continue execution after the loop.A break statement can only break out of an immediately enclosing while, for, do…while , or switch statement.The break statement, when executed in a while, for , or do…while , skips the remaining statements in the loop body and proceeds with the next iteration of the loop.Common uses of the break statement are to escape early from a loop or to skip the remainder of a switch.SaveQuestion 19 (5 points)The conditional OR operator is represented by which of the following?Question 19 options:&&|||^SaveQuestion 20 (5 points)The Boolean logic OR operator is represented by which of the following?Question 20 options:&&&|||Which is equivalent to if ( ! ( grade == sentinelValue ) )?Question 1 options:if ( grade !== sentinelValue )if ( grade != sentinelValue )if ( grade == sentinelValue )if ( grade !== sentinelValue )The __________ always performs the logic condition test after executing the loop’s body, so the body always executes at least once.Question 2 options:for loopcase statementdo while loopswitch statementIn a loop, the programmer can continue execution within the executing block of code, but skip all remaining lines and simply return to the loop continuation test by using the __________ statement.Question 3 options:defaultcontinuebreakXOrThe programmer can perform different actions based on the value of an expression in a __________ statement.Question 4 options:forcasedo whileswitchThe loop body of a do…while statement always executes:Question 5 options:zero times.at least once.more than once.undeterminable.In a switch statement, the __________ case will execute code when no match occurs between the switch’s expression label and the case label.Question 6 options:defaultcontinuebreakXOrThe conditional AND operator is represented by which of the following?Question 7 options:&&&||^In a switch statement, the programmer can terminate execution within the executing case by using the __________ statement.Question 8 options:defaultcontinuebreakXOrThe Boolean logic AND operator is represented by which of the following?Question 9 options:&&&||!Assuming a is a bool with a value of false, which of the following evaluates to true?Question 10 options:!(!a)a!a!a!The && and && operators will __________ evaluate all operands in a conditional statement.Question 11 options:neveralwaysconditionallyprematurelyThe __________ loop always performs the logic condition test before attempting to execute the loop’s body.Question 12 options:forcasedo whileswitchIn a loop, the programmer can terminate execution within the executing block of code by using the __________ statement.Question 13 options:defaultcontinuebreakXOrThe for loop header has three items specified: control variable initialization, the loop continuation condition, and __________ of the control variable.Question 14 options:increment/decrementloopingswitchbreakWhen attempting to use a for statement’s control value after the loop’s body, what will the result be?Question 15 options:A compiler errorAn infinite loopCode execution stops after 100 loops based on the debugger settingsTrueThe | and & operators will __________ evaluate all operands in a conditional statement.Question 16 options:neveralwaysconditionallyprematurelyWhich of the following operators ensures that at least one out of multiple conditions is TRUE?Question 17 options:||&&==^Which of the following statements about the break statement is FALSE?Question 18 options:The break statement is used to exit a repetition statement early and continue execution after the loop.A break statement can only break out of an immediately enclosing while, for, do…while , or switch statement.The break statement, when executed in a while, for , or do…while , skips the remaining statements in the loop body and proceeds with the next iteration of the loop.Common uses of the break statement are to escape early from a loop or to skip the remainder of a switch.The conditional OR operator is represented by which of the following?Question 19 options:&&|||^The Boolean logic OR operator is represented by which of the following?Question 20 options:&&&|||

.jpg”>Homework 2 Test Case Creation Using the following pseudocode,

.jpg”>Homework
2 Test Case Creation

Using the following pseudocode, provide 5 unique
test cases that would help validate your
algorithm. Be sure to place the test cases
in a table showing the input values, and expected output
for each test case.

Write “Enter the price in dollars:”

Input Price

Write “Enter state sales tax(e.g. .06) :”

Input SalesTax

Set Price = Price + (Price * SalesTax)

Write “Price with Tax is” + Price

Submit your word or PDF file to your assignments
folder no later than the due date.

Grading guidelines

Submission
A minimum of 5 test cases were
provided.
Input provided and explained
for each test case.
Expected output provided and
explained for each test case.
Test cases represent a wide
variety of possible input values (e.g. large numbers,
small numbers (0), negative,
or unexpected non-number entries (%,hello).
Total

Points
3
0.5
0.5
1

5

.jpg”>Homework
2 Test Case CreationUsing the following pseudocode, provide 5 unique
test cases that would help validate youralgorithm. Be sure to place the test cases
in a table showing the input values, and expected outputfor each test case.Write “Enter the price in dollars:”Input PriceWrite “Enter state sales tax(e.g. .06) :”Input SalesTaxSet Price = Price + (Price * SalesTax)Write “Price with Tax is” + PriceSubmit your word or PDF file to your assignments
folder no later than the due date.Grading guidelinesSubmissionA minimum of 5 test cases were
provided.Input provided and explained
for each test case.Expected output provided and
explained for each test case.Test cases represent a wide
variety of possible input values (e.g. large numbers,small numbers (0), negative,
or unexpected non-number entries (%,hello).TotalPoints30.50.515