Outline the importance of formal and informal assessments in driving instructional planning.

  NEED IT DONE BY TODAY

Week 6 – Final Paper
Resource Manual
Since Mr. Franklin has been expressing his confusion regarding special education and the students’ needs, you have decided to create a user-friendly guide that has relevant resources, definitions, examples, and family-based privacy information specific to students with disabilities.
Instructions
As you move through the program, this manual will become a resource of up-to-date information in the field of special education.   It can also be a rich source of documentation of your work in this program as you consider entering or continuing your work in the profession and field of special education.  Additionally, this manual will be a practical source of your completed coursework in preparation for the Capstone course.
Content Expectations:

Explain one key landmark case that made the biggest impact on special education.
Define ten terms that will be most useful in everyday classroom practice.
Outline the importance of formal and informal assessments in driving instructional planning.
List at least three common etiological factors of students with mild to moderate disabilities.
Identify teaching techniques for students with common mild to moderate disabilities in an inclusion classroom.
Identify positive proactive behavior strategies for students with common mild to moderate disabilities in an inclusion classroom.
Describe five easy to administer informal assessments to evaluate student progress at various ability levels.

Written Expectations:
Using the template provided, compile the appropriate resources within each section.  Follow each section’s instructions and complete as indicated within the template. Please note that there is a minimum of four scholarly sources to be used including the course textbook.
Next Steps:  Review and Submit the Assignment
Review your assignment with the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. to ensure you have achieved the distinguished levels of performance for each criterion.  Next, submit your document no later than Day 7.
Recommendation
The MASE program provides the opportunity for you to create an online portfolio that can be used in your career development and professional practice.  Throughout the program you will have various assessments that can be included in this e-portfolio and these will be finalized in the last course of the MASE program, Capstone course, ESE699.  You may select this assignment and subsequent coursework to include as artifacts.  Therefore, it is strongly encouraged you save your coursework on a flash-drive (e.g., a USB removable drive) or store in a cloud-based option such as Dropbox, GoogleDrive, or other similar applications.
Carefully review the Grading Rubric (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

What are the main challenges to children’s health, safety, and nutrition in today’s society?

Week 6 Reflection
As you complete the Reflection, consider the reasons why early childhood professionals need to be knowledgeable and skillful with regard to children’s health, safety, and nutrition. Based on what you have learned, respond to the following:

What are the main challenges to children’s health, safety, and nutrition in today’s society?
Having identified these challenges, explain what you, as an early childhood professional and advocate, would like to do now and/or in the future to have a positive impact on children’s health, safety, and nutrition
Identify any misconceptions and/or assumptions you had about children’s health, safety, and nutrition and the role of early childhood professionals in meeting children’s needs in each of these areas. Summarize the information that dispelled these misconceptions and/or assumptions. Provide specific examples to support your thinking.

Assignment length: 1 ‐ 2 pages

How physicians and hospitals determine better patient services, lower costs, and increase quality of patient encounters.

Unit 1 DB

 
Within the Discussion Board area, write 300-500 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Discuss a leader’s effectiveness using utilitarianism as the ethical decision-making approach in regard to the health care challenges set forth by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010.
Answers can be in the form of classical utilitarianism, consequentialism, rule consequentialism, or rule utilitarianism.

_________________________________________________________________

Unit 1 IP

 You are the CEO of a 200-bed acute care facility and are challenged with the mandates of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) 2010. More specifically, you must lead your institution in changing reimbursement processes from fee-for-services to bundled payments.

In a PowerPoint presentation of 6-8 slides, not including title slide and reference slide and with 100-200-word speaker notes per slide, identify and discuss the best and the least-effective leadership approaches to implement a process change within your finance department.

Your presentation should cover the following points (Lazerow, 2011):

History of PPACA 2010
How bundle payments are processed
How health care facilities price their services
How this service was established
What benefits this has for the health care facility
How physicians and hospitals determine better patient services, lower costs, and increase quality of patient encounters
Halo or spillover effect

Include the following in your PowerPoint presentation:

Speaker notes
Cover page
Conclusion
References using APA formatting for all citations

How physicians and hospitals determine better patient services, lower costs, and increase quality of patient encounters.

Unit 1 DB

 
Within the Discussion Board area, write 300-500 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Discuss a leader’s effectiveness using utilitarianism as the ethical decision-making approach in regard to the health care challenges set forth by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010.
Answers can be in the form of classical utilitarianism, consequentialism, rule consequentialism, or rule utilitarianism.

_________________________________________________________________

Unit 1 IP

 You are the CEO of a 200-bed acute care facility and are challenged with the mandates of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) 2010. More specifically, you must lead your institution in changing reimbursement processes from fee-for-services to bundled payments.

In a PowerPoint presentation of 6-8 slides, not including title slide and reference slide and with 100-200-word speaker notes per slide, identify and discuss the best and the least-effective leadership approaches to implement a process change within your finance department.

Your presentation should cover the following points (Lazerow, 2011):

History of PPACA 2010
How bundle payments are processed
How health care facilities price their services
How this service was established
What benefits this has for the health care facility
How physicians and hospitals determine better patient services, lower costs, and increase quality of patient encounters
Halo or spillover effect

Include the following in your PowerPoint presentation:

Speaker notes
Cover page
Conclusion
References using APA formatting for all citations

Definition of leadership.

 Module 1 Case
Use the readings and videos as references to write a 3- to 4-page paper (excluding title page and reference list) that includes the following components:

Introduction
Definition of leadership (in your own words)
Definition of management (in your own words)
Describe the difference between leadership and management.

Use the Madsen (2015) reading to discuss the common mistakes a manager makes and how a leader avoids these mistakes.
Use the English (2007) reading to discuss how graduate study helps a manager, or partial leader, become a proficient leader.

Use the Starr (2017) and Stein (2014) articles to discuss how a teacher and administrator demonstrates leadership (vs. management) traits.
Conclusion

 
Your Learning Objectives

Explain why people tend to view the world from a single perspective and why viewing any situation in this way leads to a limited understanding of the situation.
Describe the concept of reframing, or viewing situations in diverse ways, and the benefits of reframing.
Complete a self-assessment of your leadership orientation and interpret the results.

Consider the following questions (and take notes) while you read the chapter:

Why do people tend to view the world from a single perspective?
How does viewing the world from a single perspective limit our understanding of situations?
What are the benefits of reframing?

 Read: Chapter 1: Introduction the Power of Reframing (p. 3–22) in:
Bolman, L. G., & Deal, T. E. (2013). Reframing Organizations: Artistry, Choice, and Leadership. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Next, complete the Leadership Orientations self-assessment at: http://www.leebolman.com/Leadership%20Orientations.pdf

Write a 2- to 3-page paper (excluding title page and reference list) that includes the following components:

Introduction
Discussion of the benefits of reframing
A brief description of your leadership orientation results
Reflection on your leadership orientation results. Complete the following statements:

In order to get ahead in organizations, I always…
As a leader, I like to…
When faced with conflict, I usually…
My strengths as a manager include…

Reflect on how reframing may be useful to you in your current role as a leader or manager.

How might reframing support student success or employee success in your current or future educational setting?

Conclusion

Explain why hurricanes dissipate so quickly once they make landfall.

  
1. What types of winds were required in each level of the atmosphere? Describe the wind speed and direction at each level. 
2. Why is it critical that all levels blow in the same direction to form a tropical storm? What happens when you have lower winds blowing a different direction than upper winds? 
3. It seems intuitive that stronger winds would be better for forming a hurricane. Why is this not the case? 
4. What was the ideal latitude range for the formation of the tropical storm? 
5. Given that tropical storms/hurricanes require high moisture and temperatures, why can’t tropical storms form at the equator (0 degrees latitude), where temperatures and moisture are generally very high? 
6. What moisture level was required for each of the atmospheric layers? 
7. Why is moisture critical to form a hurricane? 
8. How did the sea temperature affect your score? Why? 
9. Which of the above factors seem to make the biggest difference in your score and why? 
10. Explain why hurricanes dissipate so quickly once they make landfall. 

What is a physicians obligation with respect to telling the truth to his or her patients?

    
        Week 1 – Assignment       
      
Ethical Question
[WLO: 4] [CLOs: 1, 5]
Prior to beginning work on this assignment, read Chapter 1 of the  textbook. This chapter will introduce you to the basic form and subject  matter of ethical reasoning and assist you as you select an ethical  question, examine the context, issues, and arguments surrounding the  question, and attempt to defend an answer to the question. 
Please read these assignment instructions before writing your paper  as they contain very precise and specific instructions on both the  content and format requirements. You should download the provided outline and use that to structure your paper, as well as consult the assignment guidance and modeled example for additional help. Finally, before submitting your assignment please use the checklist to ensure that you have completed all of the requirements.
Overview
This course has three written assignments that build upon one another  and are designed to take you step-by-step through a process of writing a  paper that identifies an ethical question, examines the context,  issues, and arguments surrounding the question, and attempts to defend  an answer to that question using strong moral reasoning.
This first written assignment is a six-part exercise comprised of the following sections:

Ethical Question
Introduction
Position Statement
Reasons in Support of Your Position
Opposing Position Statement
Reasons in Support of the Opposing Position

The assignment should be 500 words, written in essay form, with six  clearly labeled sections as indicated below, and include a title page  and reference page.
Part 1: Ethical Question
Before writing the paper, you will need to spend some time thinking  about the specific ethical issue you want to focus on throughout this  course.

Begin this task by viewing the list of approved ethical topics and  questions provided in the Week 1 Announcement titled: “Written  Assignment Ethical Topics and Questions List.” Take some time looking  over the list and browsing through some of the material in the  corresponding chapters of the textbook in which each topic is addressed  and decide which to focus on.
Once you have done this, choose one of the ethical questions  associated with that topic. If you wish to do so, you may formulate your  own ethical question, but it must be on one of the topics listed in the announcement.  Be sure to carefully study the provided questions and model your own  question after them in terms of specificity and ethical focus.”

Place the ethical question under the Part 1: Ethical Question heading at the top of the paper.
Part 2: Introduction
In this section of your paper, you should introduce the topic and  question at issue by doing the following (not necessarily in this exact  order):

Explain its relevance and importance.
Define any key terms and concepts.
Provide any relevant context and background information.
Briefly reference an idea, quote, or analysis of the issue that you  have found in one of the required resources on the topic.  Required  resources include the textbook chapter focused on that topic (6, 7, 8,  9, or 10), the “Primary Sources” listed at the end of Chapters 6-9, and  the “readings listed under “Further Reading” at the end of each section  in Chapter 10.

The introduction will be the longest section of this assignment and  should be at least 300 words in one or two paragraphs. Place the  introduction material under the Part 2: Introduction.
Part 3: Position Statement
Your work on the introduction section has likely unearthed various  positions one might take on the ethical question you have chosen. In  this section, you will formulate a position statement.

A position statement is a one sentence statement that articulates  your position on the issue and directly answers the question you have  raised. For example, if the question was, “What is a physician’s  obligation with respect to telling the truth to his or her patients?” a  position statement might be “A physician may never directly lie to a  patient, but it may be moral for a physician to withhold information if  the physician reasonably believes doing so directly benefits the  patient.” A different position statement might be: “A physician may use  any means necessary, including lying to a patient, if the physician  believes that will produce the best overall results.” However, the  following statement would not be a sufficient position statement: “A  physician must always respect the rights of his or her patients.” The  reason this is not a sufficient position statement is that it does not  directly answer the question concerning truth telling.
Think of the position statement as the strongest claim you would  make if you were a prosecuting attorney making your opening statement to  a jury, where you want to state precisely and directly the position you  want them to believe.

Place the position statement under the Part 3: Position Statement heading.
Part 4: Reasons in Support of Your Position
Now that you have articulated a position on the issue, write a short  paragraph—just a few sentences—that presents and explains one or two of  the strongest reasons in support of your position statement.

You want your supporting reason to explain why someone should  support the position you are taking on the ethical question. A  supporting reason is a consideration that helps to show why your  position is stronger than another position.
One way to approach this is to imagine yourself in friendly  conversation with someone who does not necessarily agree with your  position (perhaps they disagree, or perhaps they are undecided). When  you state your position, they might ask why you think that; the kind of  response you would give is a supporting reason.
Supporting reasons can include many things including, but not  limited to: an appeal to moral principles such as duty, justice,  fairness and equality; the positive or negative effects of certain  actions on policies; or a summary of facts, statistics or evidence and  an explanation of how they support your view.

Place the supporting reason(s) under the Part 4: Reasons in Support of Your Position heading.
Part 5: Opposing Position Statement
Now that you have provided reasons to support your position  statement, in this section you will take a step back from all of that  and articulate a statement that expresses an opposing or contrary  statement.

Think of the opposing position statement as the strongest claim you  would make if you were the defense attorney making your opening  statement to the jury immediately after they have heard the prosecutor’s  statement.

Place the opposing position statement under the Part 5: Opposing Position Statement heading.
Part 6: Reasons in Support of the Opposing Position
In this section, write a short paragraph—just a few sentences—that  presents and explains one or two of the strongest reasons in support of  the opposing position statement.

A strong opposing reason is a reason anyone would need to consider, even if they do not agree with the opposing position.
In other words, do not simply contradict claims that you make in  Part 4, especially factual claims! You should strive to identify and  articulate considerations in support of the opposing position that you  think are accurate and true, or at least plausible, even if you still  believe your own position has the most support overall.
If the reason(s) in support of the opposing position are ones you  consider obviously false or indefensible, you should look for better  reasons.
Put yourself in the position of a defense attorney who has to make  the best possible case to the jury in defense of his or her client.

Place the opposing reasons under the Part 6: Reasons in Support of the Opposing Position heading.
In your paper,

Identify the ethical question.
Introduce the topic and question.
Formulate a position statement.
Explain the strongest reasons in support of the position statement.
Formulate an opposing position statement.
Explain the strongest reasons in support of the opposing position statement.

The Ethical Question paper

Must be 500 to 600 words in length (not including title and  references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in  the Ashford Writing Center’s APA Style (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. resource.
Must include a separate title page with the following: 

Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

Discuss unique needs and / or challenges the online learners face.

  
Assignment 3: Proposed Course for Development – Part 1
Due Week 6 and worth 140 points.
Preparation
Go to the Course sites Website and go through the tutorial. You will use this Website to create your course: https://www.coursesites.com/webapps/Bb-sites-course-creation-BBLEARN/pages/getstarted.html. For Part 2, you will develop the first three (3) weeks of your course. So, you should become familiar with this Website as soon as possible. Additional links and tutorials may be available in the course shell.
Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:
1. Provide a description of a course that you plan to develop for this class, including at least three (3) goals of the course.
2. Describe the target learners, discussing at least three (3) unique needs and / or challenges the online learners face. 
3. Develop six (6) learning outcomes for the course.
4. Propose the primary learning theory or theories you plan to apply to ensure students achieve the outcomes, providing a rationale for the theory or theories.
5. Propose three (3) ways you plan to motivate students in the online environment, providing a rationale for each way.  
6.  Provide at least three (3) academic references (published within the last five [5] years) to support your proposal.
Note: You instructor will provide feedback and inform you of his or her approval and of any recommendations for changes.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
· Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
· Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
· Describe the unique needs and challenges of virtual learners.
· Design an online learning experience.
· Plan the resources required to support an online learning experience.
· Use technology and information resources to research issues in theory and practice of e-Learning.
· Write clearly and concisely about theory and practice of e-Learning using proper writing mechanics.
Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic/organization of the paper, and language and writing skills, using the following rubric.
  
Points: 140

Assignment   3: Proposed Course for Development – Part 1
 
Criteria

Unacceptable
Below   70% F

Fair
70-79%   C

Proficient
80-89%   B

Exemplary
90-100%   A
 
1. Provide a description of a   course that you plan to develop for this class, including at least three (3)   goals of the course.
Weight: 15%

Did not submit or incompletely   provided a description of a course that you plan to develop for this class,   including at least three (3) goals of the course.

Partially provided a description   of a course that you plan to develop for this class, including at least three   (3) goals of the course.

Satisfactorily provided a   description of a course that you plan to develop for this class, including at   least three (3) goals of the course.

Thoroughly provided a description   of a course that you plan to develop for this class, including at least three   (3) goals of the course.
 
2. Describe the target learners,   discussing at least three (3) unique needs and / or challenges the online   learners face.  
  Weight: 20%

Did not submit or incompletely   described the target learners, discussing at least three (3) unique needs and   / or challenges the online learners face.  

Partially described the target   learners, discussing at least three (3) unique needs and / or challenges the   online learners face.  

Satisfactorily described the   target learners, discussing at least three (3) unique needs and / or   challenges the online learners face.  

Thoroughly described the target   learners, discussing at least three (3) unique needs and / or challenges the   online learners face.  
 
3. Develop six (6) relevant   learning outcomes for the course.
Weight: 20%

Did not submit or incompletely   developed six (6) relevant learning outcomes for the course.

Partially developed six (6)   relevant learning outcomes for the course.

Satisfactorily developed six (6)   relevant learning outcomes for the course.

Thoroughly developed six (6)   relevant learning outcomes for the course.
 
4. Propose the primary learning   theory or theories you plan to apply to ensure students achieve the outcomes,   providing a rationale for the theory or theories.
Weight: 15%

Did not submit or incompletely   proposed the primary learning theory or theories you plan to apply to ensure   students achieve the outcomes; did not submit or incompletely provided a   rationale for the theory or theories.

Partially proposed the primary   learning theory or theories you plan to apply to ensure students achieve the   outcomes; partially provided a rationale for the theory or theories.

Satisfactorily proposed the primary   learning theory or theories you plan to apply to ensure students achieve the   outcomes; satisfactorily provided a rationale for the theory or theories.

Thoroughly proposed the primary   learning theory or theories you plan to apply to ensure students achieve the   outcomes; thoroughly provided a rationale for the theory or theories.
 
5. Propose three (3) ways you plan   to motivate students in the online environment, providing a rationale for   each way. 
Weight: 15%

Did not submit or incompletely   proposed three (3) ways you plan to motivate students in the online   environment; did not submit or incompletely provided a rationale for each   way. 

Partially proposed three (3) ways   you plan to motivate students in the online environment; partially provided a   rationale for each way. 

Satisfactorily proposed three (3)   ways you plan to motivate students in the online environment; satisfactorily   provided a rationale for each way. 

Thoroughly proposed three (3) ways   you plan to motivate students in the online environment; thoroughly provided   a rationale for each way. 
 
6. Provide at least three (3)   academic references (published within the last five [5] years) to support   your proposal.
Weight: 5%

No references provided-.

Does not meet the required number   of references; some or all references poor quality choices.

Meets number of required   references; all references high- quality choices.

Exceeds number of required   references; all references high- quality choices.
 
7. Clarity, writing mechanics, and   formatting requirements
Weight: 10%

More than 6 errors present

5-6 errors present

3-4 errors present

0-2 errors present

Specific strategies and supports for successful collaboration and co-teaching success.

Locate and review three scholarly resources specific to any of the following topics:

Co-teaching defined
Implementation of co-teaching
Effects of co-teaching on teachers and students
Shared responsibility and accountability within co-teaching

Following your research, create a six-page comic book to share with your school’s administration and general education teachers.
Within the comic book, include the following:

A description of co-teaching models and approaches: 

One Teaching, One Observing
One Teaching, One Assisting
Station Teaching
Parallel Teaching
Alternative Teaching
Teaming

Specific strategies and supports for successful collaboration and co-teaching success.
A research-based, persuasive rationale for co-teaching that encourages participation and support.

Use your reviewed articles as reference throughout the comic book, citing where applicable.
While APA format is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and in-text citations and references should be presented using APA documentation guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. 

Discuss the differences between OSHA and the EPA that are relevant to  aviation, cite some examples.

When you are working in the field of aviation safety it is important  to understand the differences between the various governing agencies and  know which agency provides oversight for the various components of an  aviation operation.
Discuss the differences between OSHA and the EPA that are relevant to  aviation, cite some examples. You must have a title page and two  references.

 
It is always helpful to share experiences from the field, but make  sure to stick to the facts and provide cited references to support the  anecdotal observations.
Each assignment will use the following APA format:

Short paper 1-2 pages
1″ margins
Double-spaced
12 pt. Times New Roman font
Include name on the front page

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