How to resolve any conflicts within a team?

You have recently been hired to lead a team comprised of relatively long term, experienced employees. Their performance has been generally satisfactory, however changes are coming and it will be your job to affect this change. As the “new sheriff” in town, what sources of power and influence are available to you? Which do you feel would be most successful and why? What are the potential consequences of your using the types of power and influence you identified? How do you think you would best be able to resolve any conflicts within the team?

What is shamanism? What types of shamans exist in society?

This week we are ask to write two different post, both has to have a word count of 200 words each.

1. What is shamanism? What types of shamans exist in society? How are shamans different/similar from/to other religious specialists?

2. What role do priests play in society? Have you observed priests? What did you note in terms of their personalities, roles, etc?

How does communication change based on where and to whom you are speaking?

 
Discussion: Would You Act Like That in Front of Your Grandmother?: Context and Intercultural Communication
Context guides communication. Informal language intended for a comedy club audience often does not transfer well to a formal speaking situation such as a corporate board meeting. Nonverbal behavior present in a conversation among friends becomes inappropriate around a dinner table with extended family. Communication styles among co-workers could create problems when used to speak to a police officer. Accepted communication behaviors for one culture may be offensive or even illegal in another culture. Informal gatherings as part of a larger, more formal diplomatic meeting (as shown in the image) require a very sophisticated level of contextual communication expertise that takes years to develop. In short, understanding the context of a communication scenario plays a very large role in successful interaction.
In this week’s Discussion, you consider how communication behaviors change based on the context in which they take place. You explore the influence of context on communication style and the impact of context on intercultural communication.

To prepare for your Discussion:

Review cultural contexts in Chapter 11 of the course text.
Consider the relationship between context and communication. How does your communication change based on where and to whom you are speaking? Why do you alter the way you communicate to fit the context in which you are speaking?
Select two of the three following contexts to focus on for this Discussion: educational, personal, and professional.
For each of the two contexts you selected above, ask yourself the following questions:

What language do you use?
How formal or informal is it?
Do you speak loudly or more softly?
Do you speak faster or more slowly?
What kinds of nonverbal communication behaviors do you use? Do you look someone in the eye? Use hand gestures? Change your facial expressions?

Reflect on how understanding context can help you overcome intercultural communication challenges. How can you apply this knowledge to future intercultural interactions that you may face?
Select two different communication contexts. Consider the communication style choices individuals would have in these two contexts:

Would they use a formal or informal style or register?
What nonverbal behaviors would be effective?
How would the communication be paced?

Note: One of the goals of this course is to promote a wide variety of views. You are encouraged to present your honest personal viewpoint while at all times reflecting a respectful tone for the views of others.

Post a 2- paragraph comparison of the communication styles in your selected contexts. Explain how context has an impact on style choices such as the use of formal or informal language, pacing, volume, and nonverbal behaviors.
Be sure to support you ideas by connecting them to at least one of this week’s Learning Resources. Additionally, you may opt to include an outside academic resource that you have identified.

Articulate the value of play and discuss the perceived benefits of play to those who remain skeptical.

 
Prepare for this discussion by reading Chapters 2 and 3 in the required text. Next, review the article on The importance of play in promoting healthy child development and maintaining strong parent-child bonds (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and the National Association for the Education of Young Childcare’s References to Play in NAEYC Position Statementsto further prepare to advocate for and discuss the benefits of play experiences. Also, review Stuart Brown’s research presented in thePlay is More Than Just Fun (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. video and note how, according to Dr. Brown, “humor, games, roughhousing, flirtation, and fantasy are more than just fun” (TED, 2008).

As an educator, a common topic you will face is defending the importance of play in the curriculum. Parents are often unaware of the benefits of play and would rather have their child be engaged in academic work. In this discussion, you will advocate for the importance of play. You will develop convincing arguments to be presented to a skeptical parent about why play is important for children. Additionally, participation in this discussion prepares you for the Week Five Final Paper through which you will develop your personal framework of play to use when advocating for play.

Initial Post: As an advocate for play, you will likely be required to articulate the value of play and discuss the perceived benefits of play to those who remain skeptical. Your goal is to convince a parent about the importance of play on a child’s cognitive development.
In your post:

Discuss how a child’s cognitive development is influenced by play.
Include at least two examples of neuroscientific research from the course text. Cite your examples within the body of your post and provide a complete reference in APA format as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. at the end of your post.
Describe how you will facilitate cognitive development when working with children.
Explain how you will communicate your perspective to the parent.

Guided Response: Respond to at least two peers’ by examining the information presented in their discussion posts. Challenge them by asking a question that you would address when attempting to persuade a parent with an alternate view and provide recommendations to extend their discussions.  As with most discussions in this course, though two replies is the basic expectation, for deeper engagement and learning, you are encouraged to provide responses to any comments or questions others have given to you. This will further the conversation and provide you with opportunities to demonstrate your content expertise, critical thinking, and real-world experiences with this topic.

How would you describe a learning environment that fosters engagement and motivates students?

 
A crucial element of classroom management is to develop strategies to engage students, promote individual and group motivation, and encourage positive behaviors among students. As a future teacher going into the classroom, it is important to develop a toolkit of effective engagement and classroom management strategies for use in any classroom.
Part 1: Effective Engagement Strategies Toolkit
Research three videos that successfully demonstrate engagement, motivation, and classroom management strategies that would be useful for the grade level you want to teach. With this information, complete the “Effective Engagement Strategies Toolkit” template.
The template will cover the following:

Name and location of video
Description of engagement strategy and how each strategy demonstrates respect and responsiveness for cultural and diverse needs of students
Procedures and expectations of the strategy
How each strategy is described, implemented, and/or evaluated in the classroom
Reference

Part 2: Effective Engagement Reflection
In 250-500 words, summarize and reflect on the following:

What signs would you look for, as a teacher, to show that your students are engaged in instruction?
After explaining the role of each student at the beginning of a lesson for a group activity, how can you ensure all members of the group know each team member’s expectations?
How would you monitor individual student understanding in a small group setting?
How would you describe a learning environment that fosters engagement and motivates students?

Submit the “Effective Engagement Strategies Toolkit” template and reflection as one deliverable.

Discuss strategies to provide support for academically, behaviorally, and socially diverse students.

1. Using extrinsic rewards in the classroom is often controversial. Where do you stand in terms of providing students with rewards for reaching behavioral or academic goals? After reviewing the readings and any additional sources, do you plan to use extrinsic motivators in your future classroom? If so, how?

2. In order to encourage and promote student motivation and engagement, instructors must provide support while academically challenging students. Discuss strategies to provide support for academically, behaviorally, and socially diverse students. Be specific in naming strategies.

Answer in 200 words.

If you designed your own early childhood education facility, what features would you be sure to include? Why?

 DISCUSSION 1
Search the Internet for photographs or videos of 19th-century early childhood classrooms, kindergartens, or schoolhouses. 
Consider the differences between 19th-century facilities and current facilities. 
Write a 350-word reflection comparing and contrasting early facilities with current facilities. Answer the following questions in your reflection: 

If you designed your own early childhood education facility, what features would you be sure to include? Why? 

DISCUSSION 2
 
Refer to Ch. 3 of Fundamentals of Early Childhood Education and the University Library to choose six early childhood theorists.

Research the Internet for the definition of a matrix.  
Create a matrix of six theorists that briefly describes the following for each theorist: His or her major contributions to the field
The theory for which he or she is known
How his or her work has influenced early childhood today.
DISCUSSION 3
 
Refer to this week’s readings and the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) Standard 1: Promoting Child Development and Learning. 
Write a 350-word reflection of the following: 
The stages of prenatal development
The effect of genetic disorders and environmental influences on prenatal development 
Include a reference page if needed. 
Format your reflection according to APA guidelines.

How can Greek and Roman Mythology in conjunction with modern pop culture be used as a teaching tool to provide an existential catharsis for veterans with PTSD?

3-4 page, Literature Review, using the below sources while answering the following Research Question, How can Greek and Roman Mythology in conjunction with modern pop culture be used as a teaching tool to provide an existential catharsis for veterans with PTSD? 

Here are the sources:

  
Almeida, M., & Bernstein, M. (2005). Is it impossible to relieve suffering? 
Philosophia,32(1-4), 313-324.

Aristotle. (2001). De Poetica (Ingram Bywater, Tr.). New York: Random House.

Auslander, P. Liveness: Performance in a Mediatized Culture. London & New York: Routledge, 1999.

Campbell, J. (2008). The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Novato, CA: New World Library.

Grossman, D. (1996). On killing. Boston: Little, Brown.

Meineck, P. (2012). Combat Trauma and the Tragic Stage: “Restoration” by Cultural Catharsis. Intertexts 16(1), 7-24. University of Nebraska Press.

Sandercock, L. (2003). Out of the Closet: The Importance of Stories and Storytelling in Planning Practice. Planning Theory & Practice,4(1), 11-28.

Nussbaum, M. C. The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Silko, L. M. (1986). Ceremony. NY, NY: Penguin Books.

Shay, J. Odysseus in America: Combat Trauma and the Trials of Homecoming. New York: Scribner, 2002.

Shay, J. Achilles in Vietnam: Combat Trauma and the Undoing of Character. New York: Scribner,1994. Slater, N.W.

Phelan, P. Unmarked: The Politics of Performance. London & New York: Routledge, 1993.

Vernant, J. P & Vidal-Naquet, P. Myth and tragedy in Ancient Greece. New York: Zone Books,1988.

Wiles, D. Tragedy in Athens: Performance Space and Theatrical Meaning. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.

Wilson, J. P. (2011). The Lens of Culture: Theoretical and Conceptual Perspectives in the Assessment of Psychological Trauma and PTSD. New York: Springer.

Woodruff, P. The Ajax Dilemma: Justice, Fairness and Rewards, Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York, 2011.