Discuss the problematic nature of attempting to define popular culture.

 Discuss the problematic nature of attempting to define popular culture. Why is it such a difficult subject to find a working definition? Give examples of some of the issues encountered when attempting to define and study this complex subject. This paper should be 1-2 pages, in APA style, utilizing the college’s library resources. One scholarly article as a minimum should be included in your essay. 

Is the Chicano Movement relevant in today’s New Mexico? Why or why not?

These are two different assignments
 
First Assignment:Read Los Alamos- Women 

THEN answer the following questions on the article. Write your responses in an essay format, this should take 1-2 pages in length, 12 point, Double Space.

 Thesis: What is the author’s main argument (his/her thesis), and is there a secondary arguments (sub-theses)?
 Sources/Evidence: What types of evidence (sources) does the author use to support his/her argument? Look through the list of sources at the end of the article or chapter and look at what type of sources—primary and/or secondary sources the author used. For instance, in Joseph P. Sánchez, Mora’s Border Dilemmas, he surveyed church records and some photographies of church buildings to make an argument about shifting religious practices and French and Mexican influences in La Mesilla and Las Cruces.
 Strengths and Weaknesses: This is the main section of this assignment. Consider the following questions: What do you find convincing? What is less convincing? Be sure to include explanations for your conclusions.

At the end write out at least one question  you have this will be discussed in class.

Second assignment: Read The Chicano Movement
 
Shouldn’t be more than a page.  As you read consider:

What do you think about the phrase “reconquista” reconquest in the title of this piece?
What was the Chicano movement about?
What were their goals in New Mexico?
Who were the main leaders?
What were their tactics?
What were some of their achievements and limitations?
Is the Chicano Movement relevant in today’s New Mexico? Why or why not? 

Why do you think African-American Muslim groups flourished in Philadelphia?

Answer any three (3) questions below. 

1. What is the significance of the “sign on the door” in terms of regulating space?  Can you think of other examples of religious individuals / families denoting their religious affiliation on the entrance of their homes?  If so, do you think it functions in the same way?

2. Why do you think African-American Muslim groups flourished in Philadelphia?  (Note, I’m asking you to speculate, the reading doesn’t say.)  After reading the article, how do you think Muslim identity and racial identity were connected in Philadelphia?

3. Cite some specific examples of gender roles or expectations you see in the article. (Quote and cite page number.)  How do they seem to you?  (Familiar? Unfamiliar? Empowering? Freeing? Overly restrictive? Culturally distinctive but neither oppressive nor empowering?)  From what you read, do you think the gender norms and expectations described in the article are products of religious faith/teaching or a product of the culture of a specific community in the time and place discussed?

4. How tied to urban life and culture do you think the domestic interiors described in this article are? That is, do you imagine that Muslim homes in the suburbs have similar features?  (Did you grow up in a Muslim home? Do you live in one now? Or have you ever visited a Muslim home?)  If so, how did it compare to those described in this article? 

Examine Heinrich Himmler’s Speech to the SS in Reilly textbook, pp. 906-908

 
Initial Post
DO NOT PROCEED UNTIL REVIEWING Week 7 LESSONS

Germany surrendered in 1945.  Hitler, Himmler, Goebbels and Goring all committed suicide.  In 1946, the war crime tribunals began: The Nuremberg Trials (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Our question to consider: To what extent should judges have accepted the claim, “we were only obeying orders,” or “we were all brain washed with propaganda?”
Important! Dispel the common misconception that SS members were coerced into killing.  The so-called ‘kill or be killed’ storyline is false! The truth of the matter, Nazis were fairly tolerant with members from these units who suffered breakdowns (PTSD) as a result of killing unarmed civilians.  Even in cases where German troops refused to participate in the killings, they were simply stationed elsewhere.  What this false narrative has done is prevent us from attempting to understand why people oftentimes still commit acts even though they find it distasteful.   
And guess what… Neither you or I are immune from committing similar atrocities.  Social science experiments reveal that humans are wired to follow orders.  TheMilgram experiments on obedience to authority figures, (mid 1960) for example was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram. The goal was to measure the willingness (study participants were men from a diverse occupations and education levels) to obey an authority figure who instructed them to perform acts conflicting with their personal conscience.  The experiment surprisingly discovered that a very high proportion of people were prepared to obey, albeit unwillingly, even if through the experience of serious injury and distress.
TASK:
1. Examine Heinrich Himmler’s Speech to the SS in Reilly textbook, pp. 906-908.  Write a 2 paragraph summary analysis by considering the following questions:

Under what context was this speech given?
What were Himmler’s concerns in the speech? 
What kind of general support for the extermination of the Jews does this excerpt suggest existed?
Reilly explains that psychiatrists say that people employ certain strategies to cope when faced with having to do something distasteful.  The strategies are denial, distancing, compartmentalizing,  ennobling, rationalizing and scapegoating (Definitions on p. 906-907).  What evidence of these strategies do you see in Himmler’s speech? Which strategies would his listeners more likely have adopted?

2.  To what extent should Nuremberg Trial judges have accepted the claim, “we were only obeying orders,” or “we were all brain washed with propaganda?”  Please use specific examples.

Discuss the history of American race relations from post-WWII America through to the present.

 READ CAREFULLY AS THE DIRECTIONS ARE DIFFERENT FROM PREVIOUS EXAMS.

Answer the mandatory question and then select and answer two out of the six questions presented below. You are required to research and properly cite all references using APA format and may not use your textbook as a cited reference. Please be sure to paraphrase and cite appropriately as you may not quote material from a source. You should submit a total of three answers (one mandatory and two self-selected). Each answer should be a minimum of 250 words, single spaced, and submitted. Please refer to the Essay Exam Rubric for guidelines and expectations.

YOU MUST ANSWER THE MANDATORY QUESTION:
Mandatory question: Over the long scope of the course, one of the central topics discussed has been the contentious history of race relations in the United States. In your essay, please briefly discuss the history of American race relations from post-WWII America through to the present. Touch on some of the major turning points, events, and court cases that help explain the history of race relations. In your answer, discuss where you think the current state of race relations in America stands, and whether you think the civil rights movement achieved the goals it set out to achieve after WWII.

Select and answer TWO out of the six questions presented below:  

During the 1960s, the United States had become a more open, more tolerant – in a word, freer – country. Defend or refute this statement.
Analyze the debate over the Equal Rights Amendment. Who was for it and who was against it? How did each side define freedom for women? What does the debate tell us about American society in the 1970s?
Ultimately, how conservative was Ronald Reagan’s tenure in office? Why might some conservatives feel he did not go far enough, while some liberals felt that he dismantled too much?
Chronicle the story of Native Americans over the past 50 years. How have they been excluded from the definitions of freedom and equality, and how have they petitioned to gain those freedoms?
Analyze how cultural conservatives defined freedom. What arguments did they make in defense of freedom? How valid were their arguments?
George W. Bush commented in his 2001 inaugural address that America had gone out into the world to protect, not to possess, and to defend, not to conquer. Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Give examples to support your position.

You should answer the Mandatory Question and two of the six choices before the due date.

What role did nationalism play in the struggle over Westernization?

 
Additional Post
Instructions: There are two regions.  Find your assigned region, then complete the designated task.  Sources are found in Reilly Chapter 23.
INDIAJAPAN
Kayla           Kimberly G.
Samantha    Kimberly J.
Johnathan C.    Iliana
Santiago         Aaron
Johnathan H.  Hiram
Brigitte       Antonio
Matthew          Jenna  
Decontee        Luis
Abriana            Natalie
Alexandra         Emmanuel
Catarina            Kyle
Chad                Oscar
INDIA
Scenario: You are a historian who specializes in Nationalism and the rise of Nation-States.  You are presenting a paper on the Indian experience with Westernization and Nationalism at the World Historical Association Conference.  Your primary source evidence included the following: “Letter on Indian Education” by Roy, “Swaraj,” by Gandhi, “Gandhi,” by Nehru (Chapter 23)
You were asked the following questions from your audience:

How did some people of India answer the challenge of the West?
What motivated some to seek to Westernize?
What led other(s) to reject Westernization entirely?
What role did nationalism play in the struggle over Westernization?

TASK: Respond to the following questions by using specific evidence from your sources.  Some questions will require multiple sources as evidence; some may require only one.
JAPAN
Scenario: You are a historian who specializes in Nationalism and the rise of Nation-States.  You are presenting a paper on the Japanese experience with Westernization and Nationalism at the World Historical Association Conference.  Your primary source evidence had included the following: “Good-bye Asia” by Yukichi, “The Ideals of the East” by Okakura and Images from Japan from Reilly Chapter 23
You were asked the following questions from your audience:

How did the people of Japan answer the challenge of the West?
What motivated some to seek to Westernize?
What led other(s) to reject Westernization entirely?
What role did nationalism play in the struggle over Westernization?

TASK: Respond to the following questions by using specific evidence from sources. Some questions will require multiple sources as evidence; some may require only one

Can nationalism be a force for progressive change , yes or no or both??

Can nationalism be a force for progressive change , yes or no or both??
Use an argumentative thesis in the first paragraph starting with “In this paper, I argue….”

In your argumentative response, analyze at least two concrete types of nationalism we have encountered. Possibilities include: (1) the political revolutions of the late eighteenth/early nineteenth centuries; (2) anti-colonial nationalism in the 1920s “search for order”; (3) fascism; (4) Third Worldism.
Pick two of the above and write a detailed analytical essay using those historical moments.

Does foreign policy produce internal prejudice?

The final paper is an overall Reflection on the idea of Multiculturalism and it’s future. write a 9-10 page paper the themes of multiculturalism, black lives matter, the civil rights movement, the history of racism, and immigration.

A. Is our inability as a society to overcome racism a structural problem? In other words its not a matter of individual prejudice (which is also a problem but by itself it could be overcome)  but the way institutions and frameworks of society are setup.. If the economy cannot produce jobs its a structural problem…. if those who start out with less  power have a higher chance of not succeeding in our current economic system that then is a structural problem. If our school districts ensure reproduction of privilege how do we not end up with continued reproduction of hierarchies of power and privilege? Is there a need to rethink our economic system completely to overcome problems of race and gender?

B. It is possible to argue, especially given the last few years, that Multiculturalisms limits have been fully exposed. Some might go as far as to say that multiculturalism is merely a cover and not a real solution? Does it have a future? Is there a deeper or more militant Multiculturalism possible?

C. What may or may not replace it?

D. Does foreign policy produce internal prejudice? Can we ever be critically Multicultural unless we develop a critique of American imperialism?

 

The above questions are broad and meant as guiderails so as to allow for an open Reflection. In other words you do not have to (and should not) answer each if the above questions. I am looking for a reflective essay that may use one or two if the above questions as points of departure.

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