Compare and contrast European colonialism in North America and South Africa.

Please make sure you explain everything that is asked below in about 7 paragraphs and also make sure you do not quote anything from the book.
Question is down below:
Compare and contrast European colonialism in North America and South Africa. According to Trevor Noah, what are the historical implications and haunting effects of European colonialism and apartheid on issues of race, culture, class and gender in South Africa? Using examples from the book, be sure to explain how European colonialism impacted language, racial hierarchy, identity, economics and land ownership. Finally, analyze Trevor’s relationship with his mother, Patricia Nombuyiselo Noah. Discuss her influence on Trevor, particularly on religion, race and responsibility.
PS: Book you have to read is attached below.
Thank You

How have National events often affect state and local governments, especially in budgeting and how have national events affected local government?

 Discussion 1
The terms strong mayor and weak mayor refer to different systems of city government. Which of these systems reflects how your local city government is run? Which form do you think is better overall? Why?

Discussion 2
 
National events often affect state and local governments, especially in budgeting. How have national events affected your local government? Have your local officials handled these challenges well or poorly? Why do you think so?

Discussion 3
RESPOND TO ASHLEY POST
 
My local government is closest to a weak-mayor-council in that our mayor is elected separately from the city council but will still assist; however, decisions are ultimately made by the city council. It’s very much a council-manager form where the city council sits down and discusses issues and comes up with a solutions whether passing ordinances or selecting government heads. I think that depending on the size of the government, a strong mayor structure would work best for bigger cities, whereas smaller cities would probably benefit more from a weak mayor structure. Smaller cities may be easiest to reach your audience (city members and votes) because of the close-knit community. When you care for bigger populations and are responsible for so much more, having an executive head, such as the mayor, might make it easier to put that responsibility on to make final decisions (almost like a governor).

Discussion 4
Respond to Ashley post
 
I’ve seen a couple of responses with increase activity in law enforcement but it’s not the same where I’m from. I wish my local government actually supported our law enforcement and other first responders but that’s an ongoing issue that we’ve been fighting. There have been some changes, specifically when it comes to environmental issues. For a while, our immediate area saw an increase in earthquakes that cause severe damage throughout our city and other nearby cities. Because of this, we have a better and more improved emergency response system in place should we ever encounter a major issue such as this. We perform monthly roll calls for those agencies that a part of the emergences response system to ensure everyone is monitoring radios and other communication devices they are responsible for. With this, an increase in new policies have been put out city wide for all departments including law enforcement, fire departments, parks & recreation, and other city entities.

Discussion 5
Respond to Thomas post
 
In the case of the local government wanting to continue having funding so they will not go against state regulations so they dont push for things that they want for the revenue and to have in their area but dont want to loose funding so they find ways to go about circumventing the system and still getting what they want. The other issue with some of these things is why does the state not look into some of these things and make sure that things are on the up and up in counties and not just in the bigger cities. Here in West Virginia we have like 5 bigger cities that you can drive through with stop lights and everything else is so small most towns dont have stop lights and are so out of the way that no one goes there for anything. But they can have whatever they want in that town.

Does science fiction make it easier to discuss issues of race?

The concept of race is clearly central to the stories that you read this week.  How does each author use race as a “character” in his story?  Does science fiction make it easier to discuss issues of race? Why or why not?  What do the authors think about the fate of race/racism in American society?

Just type Episode III – “The Space Race – Science Fiction As Racial Satire”

Why did European colonists in the New World turn to slavery as a source of labor?

Your Final Examination consists of five (5) essay questions, of which you must answer any three (3). When responding to your essay questions, keep in mind that they are essays and not short answer questions. Essays should be detailed and have specific evidence and citations to support your points. Essays should also include introductory and concluding paragraphs. Each essay should reflect your understanding of key concepts from the course as well as a high level of synthesis and critical thinking skills. Any quotations, paraphrased material, and ideas drawn from sources (including assigned course material) must be cited in text and referenced in APA  format.

Each essay should be a minimum of 750 words (3 pages) in length, not including references.
Throughout the course we have explored the diverse and sometimes conflicting perspectives on the Transatlantic Slave Trade, both from historical actors as well as present day historians. These final exam questions ask you to put yourself into the historical context of the Transatlantic Slave Trade or into the contemporary debates on the trade from various perspectives. This exercise will allow you to integrate together your knowledge of the key concepts from the course with your own reflective critical thinking skills:

You are an abolitionist in the early nineteenth century. Advocate for the abolition of the slave trade. Make sure to also counter the arguments of those who argued that the slave trade should continue because of its economic profitability. Use evidence on both sides from the course materials in making your argument.
You are an Igbo chief in the seventeenth century who has been approached by the Royal African Company to set up a slave trading port in your community. What are the different pressures you might face in that position – would you play a role in the slave trade? Why or why not? How might the relationship between the European slave traders and your people operate? Use examples and evidence from the course materials to support your position.
You are a prisoner of war from the interior of Africa caught up as a captive in the slave trade. Explain the circumstances you and other captives might face, including on the West African Coast, during the Middle Passage, and in the Americas. Use specific evidence from the course materials to explore horrific realities of the slave trade for its victims.
You are a twenty-first century journalist in the Caribbean exploring the topic of reparations for the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Argue for or against reparations based on the effects of the slave trade on regional economies and societies. Use specific evidence from the course materials to show the ramifications of the slave trade on different regions of the globe.
You are a college professor anywhere in the globe explaining to students why the Transatlantic Slave Trade first began and grew over time. Use evidence from the readings to trace the development of the slave trade—why did European colonists in the New World turn to slavery as a source of labor? Why Africans? Use specific evidence from the course materials to back up both arguments.

All in-text citations and references should be in proper APA style.

Describe the differences between a Federalist and an Anti-Federalist.

 
Objectives:
By the end of this session, students will be able to:
· Explain why the 2nd Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence.
· Explain why many Americans became loyalists or tried to remain neutral during the revolutionary war.
· Describe the evolution of British and American military strategy during the war for independence.
· Explain the significance of the British surrender at Saratoga.
· Describe the Articles of Confederation and explain why it aroused little interest.
· Describe the character of the first state constitutions and explain the ways in which they reflected the postwar view of republicanism.
 
Readings:
Read Chapter 6 in American: Past and Present by Robert Divine and view the chapter 6 Power Point
 
Helpful Web sites:
Articles of Confederation 
Battle of Yorktown 
Battle of Saratoga 
Battle of Bunker Hill 

 

Assignments:

A. Read Chapter 6 in American: Past and Present by Robert Divine and answer the following questions.
1. How successful was the Republic in implementing the goals of the Revolution?
2. What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
3. What role did the issue of slavery play in the Constitutional Convention?
4. How was the issue of slavery dealt with in the final version of the Constitution?
5. Describe the differences between a Federalist and an Anti-Federalist.

 
B. Read the hyper linked article and respond to one of the questions.
Shays Rebellion  (in the attachment) 
-Why did Daniel Shay rebel?
-In what forms did this rebellion shape the Constitution?

 
C. Movie Review Assignment
View the movie The Patriot and answer the questions listed below. There are no real right answers. Rather I want to see how you interpret various portions of the movie.
1. Why did the Colonists desire independence?
2. Describe the debate in the South Carolinian colonial legislature.
3. How would you characterize the British view of the American colonists (don’t assume rebels)?
4. Near the end of the Battle of Yorktown, shortly before he surrendered, the actor playing General Cornwallis stated, “Everything will change…everything has changed.” What does he mean?
5. How did the colonist’s defeat the British?

Do you believe it is valid to draw comparisons between anti-communist rhetoric and anti-Islam  rhetoric?

Perform a search on the internet and locate and read Joseph McCarthy’s speech given in Wheeling, West Virginia on February 9, 1950. 
Copy and paste the following keywords into your Google search bar: “Joseph McCarthy, Wheeling, West Virginia.” The speech is also referred to as “Enemies from Within.”
Construct the case study by responding to the following prompts: 3 PAGES

How does Senator Joseph  McCarthy define communist nations and what are the threats they pose?
Assess if Senator Joseph  McCarthy charges were accurate?
Replace the word communism in his speech with Islam. Analyze if there is similarities between what McCarthy said about communism and what has been said about Islam, particularly shortly after the attacks of 9/11?
Do you believe it is valid to draw comparisons between anti-communist rhetoric and anti-Islam  rhetoric?

Explain the characteristics of the First Party System in the United States and its legislative consequences.

 
The adoption of the Constitution in 1787 established a strong federal government for the United States and codified the principles of a country that balanced the interests of divergent political, social, religious, and economic groups. The logistical necessities of organizing these interests on a federal level contributed to the establishment of national political parties during George Washington’s first term in office. Though President Washington warned of the dangers of factionalism in his farewell address, the advantages these organizations possessed for achieving their policy goals made parties an integral part of the political system. During the first half of the nineteenth century, the United States experienced a period of tremendous territorial expansion. The challenges resulting from the spread of political and social institutions—most notably, slavery—across the continent deepened sectional divisions into a national crisis by the 1850s. The Civil War was the bloodiest conflict in American history, and the war and its aftermath profoundly altered the political, social, and economic characteristics of the United States.

In this assessment, you will explain the characteristics of the First Party System in the United States and its legislative consequences. You will also examine the growth of the sectional divisions in the United States during the nineteenth century leading up to the outbreak of the Civil War.

Requirements:
 
A.  Explain (suggested length of 2–3 paragraphs) the reasons for the rise of partisan politics in the Early Republic (i.e., major conflicts and concerns, development of the First Party System).
 
B.  Discuss the development of the Second Party System (suggested length of 2–3 paragraphs) by doing the following:
1.  Compare the platforms of the Whig and Democratic parties.
 
Note: You may include both similarities and differences of the two parties. 
2.  Describe the leaders and constituents that defined each party.
3.  Explain how the Second Party System contributed to increased democratization of American politics.
C.  Discuss the major movements and events that led to the Civil War (suggested length of 2-3 paragraphs) by doing the following:
1.  Explain the pro-slavery and abolitionist arguments of the antebellum period.
2.  Describe the role of westward expansion in increasing sectional tensions.
3.  Evaluate how three major events (e.g., significant legislation, territorial conflicts, court cases, political debates) contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War.
 
D.  Provide acknowledgement of source information, using in-text citations and references, for quoted, paraphrased, or summarized content.
1.  Include the following information when providing source references:
•   author
•   date
•   title
•   location of information (e.g., publisher, journal, or website URL)
 
Note: APA citation style is the WGU standard. For tips on using APA style, please refer to the APA Resources web link found under General Information/APA Guidelines in the left-hand panel in Taskstream.
 
Note: No more than a combined total of 30% of a submission can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from outside sources, even if cited correctly.
 
Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the Rubric Terms web link included in the Evaluation Procedures section.

Ways that industrialization and imperialism contributed to the emergence of the United States as an international power during the late nineteenth century.

 
Introduction:

Over the course of the nineteenth century, the United States matured into a country with interests and influences extending beyond North America. Following the upheaval of the Civil War, Americans tried to reassemble their country and bring the states of the former Confederacy back into the Union. The decade of Reconstruction was characterized by contentious legislation and attempts to integrate African Americans into the political, economic, and social frameworks of the United States. The Second Industrial Revolution reached its height during the second half of the century as well. New innovations in manufacturing, transportation, and communication accelerated the growth of consumer culture and changed the standard of living in the United States. As the nineteenth century drew to a close, the United States became an overseas empire, fighting wars with European powers over territorial influence and acquiring colonial possessions of its own.

In this assessment, you will examine the legal and social changes that took place during Reconstruction in the United States. You will also consider the ways that industrialization and imperialism contributed to the emergence of the United States as an international power during the late nineteenth century.

Requirements:
 
A.  Discuss three major changes in race relations (i.e., laws, amendments, labor arrangements, working conditions, migration patterns, socioeconomic changes) that resulted from Reconstruction (suggested length of 2–3 paragraphs).
 
B.  Describe two consequences of industrialization on American politics and/or society (suggested length of 2–3 paragraphs).
 
C.  Explain the rise of the Progressive movement (suggested length of 2–3 paragraphs) by doing the following:
1.  Describe the role of religion and social morality in promoting Progressive reforms.
2.  Describe two reform movements that helped to define the Progressive Era.
3.  Discuss one impact of the Progressive movement on American politics (i.e., amendments, legislation, diplomatic decisions).
 
D.  Explain (suggested length of 2–3 paragraphs) the role of American imperialism in leading the United States into two of the following conflicts:
•  Hawaiian Annexation
•  War in the Philippines
•  Spanish-American War
•  World War I
 
E.  Provide acknowledgement of source information, using in-text citations and references, for quoted, paraphrased, or summarized content.
1.  Include the following information when providing source references:
•   author
•   date
•   title
•   location of information (e.g., publisher, journal, or website URL)
 
Note: APA citation style is the WGU standard. For tips on using APA style, please refer to the APA Resources web link found under General Information/APA Guidelines in the left-hand panel in Taskstream.
 
Note: No more than a combined total of 30% of a submission can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from outside sources, even if cited correctly.
 
Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the Rubric Terms web link included in the Evaluation Procedures section.

Explain how the end of World War II contributed to the rise of Cold War tensions.

 
Introduction:

The development of the United States in the twentieth century was shaped by several challenges: an economic collapse, global war, and social and political upheaval at home. The economic collapse that preceded the Great Depression brought high unemployment, increased prices for goods, and displaced populations across the United States. President Franklin Roosevelt promised a “New Deal” for Americans, and during his administration the federal government intervened in the American economy with regulations and stimulus, changing the relationship between the states and the federal government. The aftermath of the Second World War brought the United States to greater international prominence, but the following geopolitical and ideological struggle with the Soviet Union divided the planet and threatened international destruction through the use of thermonuclear weapons. At the same time as the United States was expanding its role as an international power, many domestic protest movements challenged institutional discrimination and unequal systems of power in federal and state governments. Their victories resulted in legislation and legal precedents that changed the complexion of American society.

In this assessment you will examine several major events that shaped modern American society. You will consider how the New Deal policies were designed to ameliorate the effects of the Great Depression, how the Cold War was waged both internationally and domestically, and how the civil rights movement challenged the perceived assumptions of American society.

Requirements:
 
A.  Explain (suggested length of 2-3 paragraphs) the major causes of the Great Depression (e.g., economic policies, trade concerns, banking practices, international commerce).
 
B.  Describe three ways (e.g., major legislation, organizations, relief and recovery efforts) that the New Deal sought to address the problems of the Great Depression (suggested length of 2-3 paragraphs).
 
C.  Explain how the end of World War II contributed to the rise of Cold War tensions (suggested length of 2-3 paragraphs) by doing the following:
1.  Discuss the effect of the arms race on the rise of Cold War tensions.
2.  Describe how differing ideologies led to increased Cold War tensions.
3.  Explain the effect of Cold War tensions on American culture and domestic policies (e.g., security concerns, organizations, discrimination).
 
D.  Explain two changes (e.g., legislation, cultural shifts, economic shifts) that came about as a result of one of the following historical events (suggested length of 2-3 paragraphs):
•  civil rights movement
•  feminist movement
•  gay rights movement
•  rise of the religious right
 
E.  Provide acknowledgement of source information, using in-text citations and references, for quoted, paraphrased, or summarized content.
1.  Include the following information when providing source references:
•   author
•   date
•   title
•   location of information (e.g., publisher, journal, or website URL)
 
Note: APA citation style is the WGU standard. For tips on using APA style, please refer to the APA Resources web link found under General Information/APA Guidelines in the left-hand panel in Taskstream.
 
Note: No more than a combined total of 30% of a submission can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased from outside sources, even if cited correctly.
 
Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the Rubric Terms web link included in the Evaluation Procedures section.

Identify the roles of geography and the natural environment in shaping moral decisions.

Page Analysis and Group Discussions Prompts:  Analyze the values and world views concerning the Eurasian frontier in the Lermontov, A Hero of Our Time,
o Identify the roles of geography and the natural environment in shaping moral decisions
o Discuss the author’s representations of fate and inner (personal) peace
o Explain the notion of heroism on the Eurasian frontier in the mid-19th century presented in the story