why are the three components of the criminal justice system important
why are the three components of the criminal justice system important
6 page research papaer
Compare and contrast active shooter tragedy by Anders Behring Brevlik(Sweden), Vladislav Roslyakov (Kerch,Crimea) , and Seung Hui Cho (Virginia Tech,USA).
Use at least 2 references per shooter with correct citations and reference page.
research security measures used at locations of shooting.
What is sex trafficking? In what ways did the documentary change or challenge your assumptions about sex trafficking?
What are three ways that abducted or runaway girls and boys are lured into sex trafficking?
What types of trafficking did you see in the film? Who were the victims? Did they match your perception of the victims before seeing the film?
Who were the traffickers? Did they match your idea of them before seeing them? What are the profiles of men who buy children for sex online?
What are the specific industries or settings in your community that might be vulnerable to sex trafficking?
On January 10, 2017, a Senate panel released a report alleging that Backpage.com concealed criminal activity by removing words from ads that would have exposed child sex trafficking and prostitution. After the release of the report and relentless pressure from authorities and advocates, Backpage removed its “sex-for-sale” ads from its U.S. web pages, substituting messages alleging it was the “victim of unconstitutional government censorship.” Do you agree with Backpage.com’s allegations? Explain.
Some claim that taking down sites like Backpage.com pushes sex workers onto the streets with no ability to screen their clients, limits choices for sex workers, and makes it more difficult for officials to investigate trafficking. Do you agree? Why or why not?
Narco-terror is a term that describes the connection between narcotics and terrorist organizations. There is a nexus between terrorist organizations and drug traffickers (organized crime) because of a symbiotic relationship that allows the two groups to benefit from the facilitation and trafficking of drugs for profit. Terrorists can offer drug traffickers military protection in controlled areas, weapons, and clandestine communication in return for revenue and assistance in corrupting officials to obtain false documents and take advantage of poorly regulated banking structures to launder money. Both groups also rely on compartmentalized cells to accomplish day-to-day operations while protecting the leaders.
Find a recent case (or based one you create on a recent incident) in which narcotics were smuggled by organized crime in conjunction with a terrorist group (past 3-5 years), preferably from Mexico, South America, or Central America.
Task 1: Identify the criminals (which organized crime group and which terrorist group) and describe how they attempted to smuggle drugs (e.g., on plane, cargo ship, human mules). What other associated activities were involved (e.g., laundered money, bribing officials).
Task 2: What security was in place to prevent drug smuggling for that port of entry/method of transportation? Why did it not work?
Task 3: What would you need to do to improve the detection of drug smuggling and its associated criminal activity.
Use all of the readings, making sure to cite at least 2 required readings for each task (and when possible, use optional readings).
Hesterman, J.L. (2013a). Transnational organized crime: The dark side of globalization (pp. 7-40). The terrorist-criminal nexus: An alliance of international drug cartels, organized crime, and terror groups. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Hesterman, J.L. (2013b). Drug-trafficking organizations go global (pp. 133-164). The terrorist-criminal nexus: An alliance of international drug cartels, organized crime, and terror groups. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Hesterman, J.L. (2013c). traditional terrorist and criminal financing methods: Adapting for success (pp.165-204). The terrorist-criminal nexus: An alliance of international drug cartels, organized crime, and terror groups. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
Novakoff, R. (2015). Transnational organized crime: An insidious threat to U.S. national security interests. Prism: A Journal of the Center for Complex Operations, 5(4), 135-149.
United Nations (2017). The drug problem and organized crime, illicit financial flows, corruption, and terrorism. Accessed at: http://www.unodc.org/wdr2017/field/Booklet_5_NEXUS.pdf (10/28/2018).
Warner, J.A. (2011). Drug trafficking and narco-terrorism. In M.Shally-Jensen (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Contemporary American Social Issues, 2, 458-473.
Pick two careers in the Criminal Justice website
Answer the following questions about each of the careers you reviewed:
What interests you most about this career?
What personal qualities or abilities do you possess that might make you successful in this career?
What steps might you take to learn more about this career?
Part 2 of the Final Project includes the section of the research paper focused upon the history of the criminal justice reform. In this section, you will (1) identify and discuss the issues that are included with the selected reform, (2) provide a narrative timeline describing how the reform has evolved over the past 50 years, and (3) briefly discuss the relevance of this criminal justice reform to public policy making, specifically within the field of criminal justice.
Please note that you are only briefly discussing the connection between the selected criminal justice reform area and public policy making in the last part of this section of Part 2 of the project. A full discussion on the topics highlighted in item 3 above will be included in the final paper. More information about this is provided in the Final Project section of this Course Project description.
In addition to the textbook, you must incorporate at least four other scholarly resources in these sections of the research paper. You are encouraged to at least use some of the scholarly resources that were submitted as part of the Annotated Bibliography in Part 1 of the Final Project.
Part 2 of the Final Project should be 5 – 7 pages in length, not counting the cover and reference pages. Please review the general guidelines for papers to obtain a description of other formatting requirements.
The content should be based on a global criminal justice event. They will be graded for content as well as spelling and grammar.
Discuss the law enforcement initiatives that are trying to combat cyber-sex crimes. What are the prevalent jurisdictional issues, issues with evidence and detection, and suspect identification?
Your response should be at least 225 words in length.
Taylor, R. W., Fritsch, E. J., & Liederbach, J. (2015). Digital crime and digital terrorism (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Comparative law and courts research paper
For students to practice using the comparative legal method when analyzing multiple countries
For students to better understand the similarities and differences between the legal systems and judicial departments of the world
Choose at least two different countries for your comparative analysis
Do not make this a random selection. Be mindful of why you are choosing them as it relates to some of the recommendations provided in Chapter 2 of the course textbook.
Write a 10 to 12-page research paper (double-spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font, 1” margins) that includes the following sections:
An introduction (no more than 1-page) that includes the following
A research question focusing on the relationship between your countries legal system and whether/how those countries highest court (i.e., US Supreme Court) typically arrives at judgments on a specific area of law (follow the recommendations provided in Chapter 2 of the course textbook).
An explanation of why it is important to explore your research question.
An argumentative thesis statement that briefly summarizes the preliminary answer to your research question.
A section (no more than 2-pages) describing the countries in your comparative analysis
What is their respective system of government (i.e., presidential, parliamentary, aristocracy, autocracy, etc)?
Discuss at least one way these countries are contextually similar and one way they are different (i.e., historical, social, cultural, religious, political, economic, etc.).
A section (2 to 3-pages) explaining how each country’s legal system is connected to one or more legal traditions (rely on Chapters 3 and 4 of course textbook).
Are they understood to belong to the common, civil, Islamic or a mixture of several legal traditions?
In what ways are their legal systems similar and/or different?
Have either of the countries legal system tried to “transplant” something from another country’s legal system (HINT: see Chapter 8 of the course textbook)?
A section (about 2-pages) describing the similarities and/or differences between each country’s judicial department, focusing your analysis on what is considered to be their highest courts.
How are the officers on these high courts trained AND selected for their seats?
Are these high courts considered to be mostly independent or accountable to legislators, the executive, and/or the public?
To what extent do these high courts have judicial review power over legislation and/or executive action? If yes, where does that power come from?
A section (no more than 2-pages) discussing a specific area of law important for each of your countries
In the context of what you know about their respective legal traditions has the development and evolution of this specific area of law come through legislation, case law, or executive decree?
What role did their high courts in particular play in addressing this area of law (if at all)?
Is the area of law you chose considered “settled” for one/both of your countries? Explain why it is or isn’t relative to their particular legal system(s).
A conclusion (about 1-page) summarizing the main arguments you made throughout the paper.
What are the main similarities and/or differences between your countries regarding their legal systems, high courts, etc. you want the reader to remember after reading your paper?
Why is it only through the comparative legal method that you could discover these?
The research paper must include no less than 10 scholarly sources (constitutions, legislation, peer-reviewed books, professional journal articles, or law review articles). Each source must be used at least once as an in-text citation and you must include a works cited list at the end of the paper (make sure the cases are also cited accurately on this page). I will accept MLA, APA, or Chicago citations styles.
Deadlines and Due Dates:
November 27th—Deadline to email me a rough draft of your paper for review (OPTIONAL)
December 11th—Final paper must be uploaded on Canvas as a Microsoft Word document by 11:59 pm
Content—clearly and concisely addresses each section outlined in the instructions=18 points
Sources—proper use of scholarly sources=4 points
Writing Mechanics—Proper sentence structure, grammar, spelling, and punctuation=3 points
Week 1 Forum #1
The following discussion comes from your week 1 readings. Outside research to address these issues is encouraged. I would suggest using the online library for additional sources of information and research. In addition, I would recommend utilizing the legal studies program guide. Please remember to cite your references.
You must post your initial response by Wednesday of the week assigned and must reply to 2 others by Sunday of the week assigned.
Your initial substantive response should be at least 250 words. You are required to respond to two of your classmates’ postings. These responses must be at least 150 words each. All citations must be in APA or Blue book format.
The Due Process Clause is a guarantee of basic fairness. Fairness has many components to it. This forum asks you to examine due process.
Please thoroughly discuss each of the following:
What is meant by “Fundamental Fairness”?
What are the various components of due process in criminal procedure? In your response, include some examples of procedural protections that are afforded to individuals in a criminal case.
How does the court balances individual rights against government interests?