Explain the differences between popular and scholarly sources used in research.

Explain at least five differences between popular and scholarly sources used in research
Scholarly sources
1. Accurate and reliable
2. peer reviewed
3. references
4. footnotes
5. no advertising or very little
Popular Sources
1. Article will  Have  advertising
2. The article can be written by  anyone
3. Articles are reviewed by a editor not by an expert
4. Article will not have references
5. Article will not have foot notes
Locate and summarize one peer-reviewed, scholarly source from the Ashford University Library and one popular source that pertain to your Final Paper topic. In your summary of each article, comment on the following: biases, reliability, strengths, and limitations.
In the article Years of Refugee Life Challenges for a new beginning : Stay or return Home
The article talks about how two decades of refugees needs consensus and political will and requires involvement of international community, international organizations, non government organizations and refugee associations to help with this crisis. This article has a lot of DATA including history, percentages and graphs. This article strengths are that it is giving facts with percentages and history so this makes the author not Bias just stating facts. I think with all the DATA that is in this article makes the article reliable The author also has references to back up his writing to make the article stronger and reliable. 
The popular article I  Found was ” Syrian  Refugee Crisis How to Help” is a article that gives the history of how the refugee crisis started and talk about how the people of Syria are suffering for example the children, women and  the elderly because there is lake of water sources, children not getting an education and medical expenses are high. At the end of the article they are asking you to donate money to the Syrian Refugees. This article show bias because it has one point of view and want the reader to feel sympathy and give money. The strengths of the article is that is does have some of the history of the Syrian crisis and does have facts, but it is not reliable and was not written by a credible source. This article is to focus the reader on the crisis issue and hope the reader has sympathy for the refuges.
From the sources you summarized, list and explain at least five visual cues from the peer-reviewed, scholarly source that were not evident in the popular source
The five visual clues I saw in the peer reviewed scholarly source was
1. No advertising ( Pictures )
2. References
3. The article had some citations
4. The article had Acknowledgments
5. The article has an author
References
Syrian Refugee Crisis  retrieved from https://www.worldvision.org/refugees-news-stories/syrian-refugee-crisis-facts
(Links to an external site.)
Links to an external site.
 S Vujadinovic, D Sabic, S Stojkovic & M Milincic Years of Refugee Life Challenges for a New Beginning: Stay or Return Home?

How can understanding more about yourself, help you make better decisions on your future career path?

What did you already know about yourself that showed up in your results?
Something that I already knew about myself that ended up showing up on my results is that I am best at jobs where their friendly, organized, and practical helping skills that are used within traditional settings. Basically, stating that I am personally involved in any job that I am working. Another thing listed that I already knew was that social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people.
◦ Based on the online assessment, what are your personality type, interests, and values?
Based on the online assessment my personality type is ESFJ (Extraversion, Sensing, Feeling, and Judging) it states that ESFJs are usually traditional in their beliefs and get along easily with many groups. ESFJs are conscientious and cooperative, honestly concerned about others’ experiences and affairs. It states that ESFJs find careers in teaching, sales, management, caregiving, and personal services to be rewarding. My interests are social, which frequently involves working with, communicating with, and teaching people. Conventional which involves following set procedures and routines and finally enterprising which involves starting up and carrying out projects. Lastly, my values are support, relationships, and achievement.
◦ How can understanding more about yourself, help you make better decisions on your future career path?
Understanding more about myself can help in making decisions on my future career path because I can gain more knowledge of my skills and main focuses. It is always important to get a good understanding of what your own personal skills are.
◦ What are two potential occupations that fit your personality, interests, and values and why? (use the Explore Occupationsresults for this part of the question)
Concierges, Customer Service Representative, Bartender Helper, Flight Attendant and First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers.
◦ Using the last four weeks of class discussing the discipline as support, how does the discipline, Political Science, fit into those potential occupational plans?
The knowledge gained fits into those potential occupational plans by giving me a clear understanding of political research. This knowledge can help with me understanding political events. Also, it will help with me collecting information to satisfy my political curiosity, facilitate my comprehension of public policy and governmental activity.
REFERENCES
TypeFocus, (2015). TypeFocus: Success through self awareness
(Links to an external site.)
Links to an external site.
. Retrieved from https://www.typefocus.com/beforelogin/home

What political ideologies were in conflict during the Cold War?

What political ideologies were in conflict during the Cold War?
There were several major differences in political ideologies during the Cold War, the United States was a capitalist country that believed heavily in democracy and the idea of freedom for their people while the Soviet Union was a communist country that opposed most of the ideologies of the U.S. They did not have most of the freedoms the citizens of the U.S. had such as buying property and they only had one political party they could vote for.
What economic systems were in conflict during the Cold War?
The economic systems that were in conflict were the capitalists of the United States who believed in the freedom and ability to buy and sell property and other goods and they wanted to stop the spread of communism through Europe. The Soviet Union believed in communism, their people could not buy and sell as they wished because they had to share their wealth with others and the government and they wanted to promote and expand their territory through Europe.
Why did the U.S.S.R ultimately dissolve?
Mikhail Gorbachev was the new leader of the U.S.S.R. and he was the peacemaker that was needed to bring about an end to the Soviet Union. His concern over the economic situation in Russia led to him wanting a better relationship with other countries around the world and he convinced President Ronald Reagan of his relaxation of his communist views and several countries withdrew from the U.S.S.R., without the rule of the Iron Fist the U.S.S.R. collapsed.
Is the U.S. in or entering into a new Cold War with Russia? Why or why not?
I think that the tensions between the U.S. and Russia could be considered as a new cold war although the situation is vastly different from the first Cold War. The warfare has some major differences with the countries relying on information and cyber warfare as much as conventional weapons. The alignment of world powers is different now as well with Russia having more allies and the United States having conflicts of more importance such as our conflicts with China.
References
Hawksworth, R. (Executive Producer). (2009) Cold war.
(Links to an external site.)
Links to an external site.
[Video file]. Retrieved from: https://secure.films.com/OnDemandEmbed.aspx?token=47587&aid=18596&plt=FOD&loid=0&w=400&h=340

What do you learn from actively taking notes rather than just passively observing?

 According my draft, please answer the following questions. 

What? finding a comfortable spot where you can observe a person or a group of people related to your final paper project while taking notes. Depending on your project, you may be asked to participate in an activity that does not allow you to take notes the whole time. In which case, write down your notes immediately after completing the activity (within 1 hour).
How long? 60 mins.
Where? At a meeting, at the dinner table, at a rally, online, in church or at a homeless shelter. Depends on your individual research projects.
How? Write down everything. Pay attention to smell, sound, clothing, relationships, the layout of the place, your own feelings etc.
What did you learn from actively taking notes rather than just passively observing?

Explain the difference between state-centered and nation-centered views of federalism.

MIDTERM EXAM POLS 2212
INSTRUCTIONS
This is a take-home, open-book exam consisting of essay questions. Please note the following instructions:

  You are only required to answer five of the essay questions listed below
  Each essay should be roughly 2 to 3 paragraphs in length. This however, is only a guideline, as I grade on content,
rather than length
  Essays should be double spaced with appropriate sized fonts
  All sources must be cited and formatted based on your choice of MLA, APA, or Chicago formats
  All essays must be saved in a single file and uploaded to the appropriate midterm dropbox
  All submissions will be processed through D2L’s plagiarism detection software
GRADING INFORMATION
These essays will be graded in a similar manner as the written assignments. An excellent essay will demonstrate the following characteristics:
  The essay thoroughly addresses all components of the question
  The essay is focused on the topic of the question and contains few to no tangential discussions
  The essay contains a smooth and logical progression of explanations and arguments
  The overall readability of the essay is not diminished by mistakes of spelling or grammar
ESSAY QUESTIONS

Identify and explain the different characteristics of ‘springboard’, ‘career’, and ‘dead-end’ legislatures.
Explain the difference between state-centered and nation-centered views of federalism.
Explain how Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) and the 16th Amendment served to increase the power and scope of the federal government.
Explain the differences between dual and cooperative conceptions of federalism. Which of these conceptions appears to be more advantageous for states, and why?
Under Article I of the Constitution, state governments have the power to set voter qualifications and regulate the time, place, and manner of elections. Identify and explain at least two examples of federal intervention to prevent such state powers being used to disenfranchise voters.
Governors have little to no formal involvement in the legislative process. What kinds of techniques, strategies, and/or informal powers can governors use to influence the legislatures in their states?
Explain the decentralized structure of the political party system in the United States. How does this decentralization affect the functioning and/or behavior of political parties?

Answer topics 7,6,5,4,3

no plagiarism!!!!!!!!

identify and discuss separate events or legal developments involving the treatment of sedition in the American judicial system.

Prepare a 1,750- to 2,100-word paper in which you identify and discuss three separate events or legal developments involving the treatment of sedition in the American judicial system. One legal event chosen must include the facts and decision in Gitlow v. New York. 

Describe how these three events or developments affected the limits of freedom of expression under the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

Is there a way for Congress to reassert its power without creating a power vacuum or gridlock?

This is a class discussion post that needs to be approximately 2-3 paragraphs in length. 
***Discussion Post should be followed accordingly each question asked needs to be answered.
********I will post the students response below.  With the Student response it should be 1 paragraph in length reply to the students disccusion.
********************Discussion Post*****************
 
Has the Presidency become too big?  Is there a way for Congress to reassert its power without creating a power vacuum or gridlock?

************************ Student Response***************************
 
I believe that the presidency has not grown to big. It is important to recognize the role that the media has played in this situation. This last presidential elections saw an inflated social media presence that had not been seen in the past. Because of the media presidential elections get more attention from citizens. Citizens equate increased attention to greater importance. I believe that this is very untrue. Most local and congressional elections get overlooked and do not receive much if any attention. What people fail to take into account is that the president can only serve a maximum of 8 years while Congress men and women can serve an unlimited amount of times. The impact of a president on the country can be huge but it can be swiftly overturned by the next president as evidenced by many of the Obama’s policies that Trump overturned once he was sworn in. Acts of Congress are far more difficult to reverse. That difficulty is increased because the turnover rate in congress is relatively low. I also do not believe Congress has to reassert its power. Congress can literally just wait out a president in order to push through bills a sitting president will not let pass. The real power lies in the last man standing and that will almost always be Congress. 

  400 words Due: 09/21/2018 @ 10 pm RUBRIC The paper is to be clearly connected

 
400 words Due: 09/21/2018 @ 10 pm

RUBRIC The paper is to be clearly connected; addresses all required elements in the assignment; reflects erudition, an in-depth analysis of the assignment, outside source material with proper citation. 

Assignment:

  
International Relations and Ethics – Does morality apply to international relations? Should it? 

  When members of Congress are elected to office, many, not all, seek leadership

 
When members of Congress are elected to office, many, not all, seek leadership positions within the party.  In other words, there are often two roles that congressional members hold:  (1) representative, and (2) party leader.  The most prominent leadership positions are:  Speaker of the House, Majority leader, Minority leader, Majority Whip, Minority Whip.  These positions exist in the House of Representatives as well as the Senate (Except for the position of Speaker).  The purpose of these positions is to organize the party members to strategize legislative votes, priorities and overall agenda.  The parties like their congressional members to remain loyal and unified.  However, as we have discussed in the first chapter, individuals (including elected officials) maintain differing political ideologies, even if they are from the same political party.  Consequently, party leaders have many things to contemplate as they enact and pursue legislation.
An analogy for better understanding would be myself in my role as a full-time college professor.  I play various roles on campus.  Primarily, I am an instructor of Political Science.  However, I also undertake many administrative functions for the Political Science Department, serve on the Academic Senate, act as advisor to the Political Science Club etc…..Many of these duties are meant to service the teaching side of my duties and to better facilitate the mission the College attempts to achieve day in and day out.  This division of labor duties is the same division of labor, but on a much larger scale, that members of congress undertake in their dual roles. 
Remember, not all congressional members maintain leadership positions.  The most ambitious and senior members assume these roles.
Your assignment is the following:
(1)Properly identify the current Majority Leader, Minority Leader, Majority Whip, and Minority Whip from both the House of Representatives and the Senate,
(2) Define and describe the functions of those primary leadership positions,
(3) State how many leadership positions there in fact are in both the House and the Senate.  List all of the leadership roles.

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