Religion in its role [if any] in international politics – How should we approach it? Does it even matter?

400 words
RUBRIC: The paper is to be clearly connected; addresses all required elements in the assignment; reflects erudition, an in-depth analysis of the assignment, outside source material with proper citation. 

  
Assignment:  Answer each question below and give examples.

  
Religion in its role [if any] in international politics – How should we approach it? Does it even matter? 

What are some recent examples of this process of catastrophic convergence at work in Horn of Africa, Central Asia or the Middle East?

Discuss the following essay questions in an essay of several pages with citations where needed.

1.  According to Max Weber one major feature distinguished the power of the Nation State from other social institutions. What is it? How does Weber’s definition helps up understand the role of warfare and revolutions in military technology in shaping first the European and later the world state system? How does this help us understand “state failure” in the “fourth world? What factors contribute to social breakdown and state failure in East Africa according to Christian Parenti? What are some recent examples of this process of “catastrophic convergence” at work in Horn of Africa, Central Asia or the Middle East?

Explain the role of the media in American National Government

Answer the following in 3-5 pages:

Explain the role of the media in American National Government.  First, go to the following three news websites:  www.cnn.com, www.msnbc.com, and www.foxnews.com and choose two articles from each website that pertain to actions of the US Congress or the President.  

Explain the process of registering to vote in the State of Illinois.

Answer the following in 1.5-2 pages:

a. Explain the process of registering to vote in the State of Illinois 

b. Indicate  whether you have taken the step of registering to vote, and if so how  you went about registering.  If you have not registered to vote, explain  why you have chosen not to, or why you are unable to vote.

c. Go  to the county clerk’s web-site of Will County, Illinois, and find  information based on the voter turnout in the past two elections.   Report on what the voter turnout rate was in the last two elections and  note if any of the contested races were close.  This information can be  accessed at  http://www.thewillcountyclerk.com/elections/elections/elections-services/election-results/election-results-archive/

d. Explain  whether or not you believe low voter turnout to be problematic, and  offer ways in which higher voter turnout can be encouraged.

Explain how the relationship of the states to the federal government has evolved throughout the history of the United States.

Please answer the following in 3-4 pages:

Explain how the relationship of the states to the federal government has evolved throughout the history of the United States.  

Explain the changes that occurred under the Articles of  Confederation, the early part of the government under the Constitution,  the Civil War, the Industrial Revolution, the New Deal, and over the  past few decades. 

Contrast the models of federalism described in your textbook and  come to a conclusion as to how the system of federalism worked best, and  worked worst, in US history.  Please use at least two outside sources  for historical information related to your answer.

To what extent do state laws shape primary outcomes?

Electoral rules within presidential primary elections are dictated by state laws. For instance, states decide whether to hold a primary election or a caucus, states decide the date of this event, and states decide who can vote/caucus in each race (e.g., closed primaries, top-two primaries, etc). Below are some illustrative resources.
http://www.ncsl.org/research/elections-and-campaigns/primary-types.aspx

2016 Primary Schedule


https://frontloading.blogspot.com/p/2016-republican-delegate-allocation-by.html
To what extent do state laws shape primary outcomes? Are some states more influential in determining party nominees because of their electoral laws? Provide examples to support your position. Consider the role of the national party (including the nomination process and allocation of superdelegates) as well as the demographics of typical primary voters (Chapter 10).
*Note: Reaction posts should be approximately 2 paragraphs in length. Responses to other students do not have a length requirement but serve as your participation grade (i.e., the more thorough the better).

need it in 2 hours!!!

What is the “efficiency gap” and how can it be used to measure gerrymandering?

Please watch the PBS news story on redisctricting at: http://www.pbs.org/video/gerrymandering-supreme-court-wisconsin/

And, read the following NY Times article: https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/29/magazine/the-new-front-in-the-gerrymandering-wars-democracy-vs-math.html
Based on what you have watched and read, please answer the following questions in a total of 2 pages.
1. Discuss the 2018 Supreme Court case, Gill v. Whitford.What is the case about? 
2. Briefly explain the arguments of both parties to the case, plaintiffs and defendants, with respect to gerrymandering in Wisconsin.
3. How might math be used to draw electoral districts?  What is the “efficiency gap” and how can it be used to measure gerrymandering?
4. In your opinion, is partisan gerrymandering a “justiciable” issue?  In other words, should the courts be able to rule on such cases?

Is there such a thing as specific and distinct “political culture” that could be attributed to each and every nation-state?

  

RUBRIC: The paper is to be clearly connected; addresses all required elements in the assignment; reflects erudition, an in-depth analysis of the assignment, outside source material with proper citation. 

Assignment:  Answer each question below and give examples.
  
Is there such a thing as specific and distinct “political culture” that could be attributed to each and every nation-state? Does that matter for the study and/or practice of IR?  Give example(s).

Explain the elements of critical thinking.

Explain at least five elements of critical thinking that you found in the reading material.
Identification – “identify the situation or problem as well as the factors that may influence it.” Erstad (2018).
Research – “The best way to combat this is independent verification; find the source of the information and evaluate.” Erstad (2018).
Identifying Biases – “Strong critical thinkers do their best to evaluate information objectively.” Erstad (2018).
Inference – “The ability to infer and draw conclusions based on the information presented to you is another important skill for mastering critical thinking.” Erstad (2018).
Determining Relevance – “figuring out what information is the most important for your consideration.” Erstad (2018).
 
Looking for facts without prejudice
Can decipher between facts and options
Can change their thoughts or options based on new facts they get
Leave emotions out of it
Make sure that views are supported with facts
 
◦ Search the Internet, media, or the Ashford University Library, and find an example in which good critical thinking skills are being demonstrated by the author or speaker. Summarize the content, and explain why you think it demonstrates good critical thinking skills.
Taking A Global Look At Water Shortage.
This Arthur and article breaks down the use of our water and where it goes. I found it interesting that Brauman and her team explored the amounts of water we waste that goes down the drain and the water used to irrigate crops. “So in our analysis, we decided to count all the water that doesn’t flow downstream, called water consumption. Consumed water isn’t gone, but it’s not around for us to use again on this turn of the water cycle.” Brauman (2016). I think what made me look at this was the fact that the consumed water was not gone but it couldn’t be used again like waste water which goes to a plant to be clean and released back into the streams and rivers it taken from.  I feel looking at where the water goes vice saying we are in a water crisis but the areas that say that they are in a crisis don’t need the water is a waste.
 
Search the Internet, media, or the Ashford University Library, and find an example in which the author or speaker lacks good critical thinking skills. Summarize the content, and explain why you think it demonstrates the absence of good, critical thinking skills.
 
Global Water Crisis: Facts, Faqs, And How To Help.
“Pray (Links to an external site.)
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: Ask God to pour his blessings out on families in need of clean water.
Give (Links to an external site.)
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: Help provide clean water for children and families.
Run or walk (Links to an external site.)
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 in the Global 6K for Water May 19 to bring clean water to children around the world, or make a long-term commitment to join Team World Vision (Links to an external site.)
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 in the race to bring clean water and the opportunity for fullness of life to children around the world.” Global water crisis: Facts, FAQs, and how to help. (2018).
What caught my eye about this article and why I feel it was a lack of critical thinking the above are great ideas but they really wont help with the water shortage globally. Praying, giving and a run or walk may help but this is not how the global water shortage will get fixed by no means. I think the author could have done more research to find better options to help fix this crisis.
 
Reference:
Bailin, S., Case, R., Coombs, J. R., & Daniels, L. B. (1999). Common misconceptions of critical thinking. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 31(3), 269-283. doi:10.1080/002202799183124
Brauman, K. (2016, June 06). Taking a Closer Look at Global Water Shortages. Retrieved from https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/global-water-shortages-180959318/ (Links to an external site.)
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Erstad, W. (2018, January 22). 6 critical thinking skills you need to master now (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)
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. Retrieved from http://www.rasmussen.edu/student-life/blogs/main/critical-thinking-skills-you-need-to-master-now/
Global water crisis: Facts, FAQs, and how to help. (2018, September 18). Retrieved from https://www.worldvision.org/clean-water-news-stories/global-water-crisis-facts (Links to an external site.)
 

Explain the differences between popular and scholarly sources used in research.

Explain at least five differences between popular and scholarly sources used in research
Scholarly sources
1. Accurate and reliable
2. peer reviewed
3. references
4. footnotes
5. no advertising or very little
Popular Sources
1. Article will  Have  advertising
2. The article can be written by  anyone
3. Articles are reviewed by a editor not by an expert
4. Article will not have references
5. Article will not have foot notes
Locate and summarize one peer-reviewed, scholarly source from the Ashford University Library and one popular source that pertain to your Final Paper topic. In your summary of each article, comment on the following: biases, reliability, strengths, and limitations.
In the article Years of Refugee Life Challenges for a new beginning : Stay or return Home
The article talks about how two decades of refugees needs consensus and political will and requires involvement of international community, international organizations, non government organizations and refugee associations to help with this crisis. This article has a lot of DATA including history, percentages and graphs. This article strengths are that it is giving facts with percentages and history so this makes the author not Bias just stating facts. I think with all the DATA that is in this article makes the article reliable The author also has references to back up his writing to make the article stronger and reliable. 
The popular article I  Found was ” Syrian  Refugee Crisis How to Help” is a article that gives the history of how the refugee crisis started and talk about how the people of Syria are suffering for example the children, women and  the elderly because there is lake of water sources, children not getting an education and medical expenses are high. At the end of the article they are asking you to donate money to the Syrian Refugees. This article show bias because it has one point of view and want the reader to feel sympathy and give money. The strengths of the article is that is does have some of the history of the Syrian crisis and does have facts, but it is not reliable and was not written by a credible source. This article is to focus the reader on the crisis issue and hope the reader has sympathy for the refuges.
From the sources you summarized, list and explain at least five visual cues from the peer-reviewed, scholarly source that were not evident in the popular source
The five visual clues I saw in the peer reviewed scholarly source was
1. No advertising ( Pictures )
2. References
3. The article had some citations
4. The article had Acknowledgments
5. The article has an author
References
Syrian Refugee Crisis  retrieved from https://www.worldvision.org/refugees-news-stories/syrian-refugee-crisis-facts
(Links to an external site.)
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 S Vujadinovic, D Sabic, S Stojkovic & M Milincic Years of Refugee Life Challenges for a New Beginning: Stay or Return Home?

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