Role of aggression in childhood and evaluate whether a child who displays aggressive tendencies automatically transitions into an aggressive adolescent and adult.

Short Paper: Aggression in Childhood 
Address the role of aggression in childhood and evaluate whether a child who displays aggressive tendencies automatically transitions into an aggressive adolescent and adult.
Discuss environmental factors such as school environment and whether these cause a child to develop into the roles of victim or bully. Bear in mind the differences in child/adolescent aggression and adult aggression and how they are classified differently within the DSM-5.
What factors could influence the level of aggression? Be sure to incorporate the Module Eight readings into your argument.

Elsaesser, C., Gorman-smith, D., & Henry, D. (2013). The role of the school environment in  relational aggression and victimization. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(2), 235-49.  doi:
Shiner, R. L., Masten, A. S., & Tellegen, A. (2002). A developmental perspective on personality  in emerging adulthood: Childhood antecedents and concurrent adaptation. Journal of  Personality and Social Psychology, 83(5), 1165–1177. https://doi- 3514.83.5.1165
Wahl, K., & Metzner, C. (2012). Parental influences on the prevalence and development of child  aggressiveness. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 21(2), 344-355.  doi:

Prompt: Assess the role of aggression during childhood and evaluate whether a child who displays aggressive tendencies automatically transitions into an aggressive adolescent and adult. Do environmental factors, such as school environment, cause a child to develop into the role of victim or bully? Do children who present as aggressive develop into aggressive adults? Why or why not? Present the differences in child/adolescent aggression and adult aggression and how they are classified differently within the DSM-5classification.Conclude your paper by considering what factors could influence the level of aggression. Incorporate the Module Eight readings into your argument.
Specifically, your paper should address the following:
·An assessment of the role of aggression in childhood development
·An evaluation of environmental factors on aggression within each age range
·A description of child, adolescent, and adult aggression within the DSM-5 classification
·A determination of which factors influence aggression across each age range 
Guidelines for Submission: Your paper must be submitted as a 3–5 page Microsoft Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and at least three sources cited in APA format.

Recognize methods and strategies related to working with diverse and marginalized populations.

 Section 3:
Read Foundations of Addiction Counseling Chapters 7-9 Explore SAMHSA publications. Link is located under Resources in your course syllabus
Assignment 5
For this assignment, you are given a case study. You must support your discussion by providingevidence-based research on the assessment, diagnosis and treatment of substance use and co-occurring disorders in direct and specific context to the case as written.
Your case study must include the following:
1.  Assessment, considering biological, psychological, environmental, cultural and ethical issues (ACA and AAMFT Code of Ethics) 2.  Provisional diagnosis of substance related and co-occurring disorders using the DSM-5 criteria 3.  Adolescent substance abuse 4.  Prenatal substance abuse 5.  Treatment plan based on evidence-based research 6.  Referrals, coordination of care and case consultation 7.  Relapse prevention plan to include community resources, individual and/or family counseling 
Select a minimum of eight (8) current research articles taken from scholarly journals (online or hard copy) to support your work.  You may use the bibliography located in the Resource section of your syllabus
The course text or other course texts, are not considered research. You may use and reference the text occasionally, but please remember that this is a research-based paper. The majority of your supportive citations must come from scholarly, professional research journals based on evidence-based assessment, diagnosis and treatment of substance use and comorbid disorders.
All assignments MUST be typed, double-spaced, in APA style, and must be written at graduate level English. You must include any relevant legal, ethical, and cultural considerations in your paper

Your paper should be 8-10 pages plus a title and reference page
This assignment is due in Week 7.
The Case of Rosa

     Rosa is a 32-year-old, divorced, Latino woman being treated for alcohol and cocaine (crack) dependence. She is employed as an administrative assistant at a local human services program. She lives with her 14-year-old daughter, Christina, in an apartment located near her job. Although she makes a relatively low salary, Rosa has managed to support herself and her daughter without financial support from Christina’s father. Rosa was married briefly to Christina’s father when she was 20, but she left him after he became physically and sexually abusive toward her. He also was an alcoholic. She had almost no contact with him for many years. Rosa’s mother, is a strong support for Rosa and Christina. Rosa admits to drinking during her pregnancy with Christina. Christina was diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) at birth. She expresses guilt and remorse that Christina’s emotional, academic and social difficulties are a result of FAS.
     Rosa reports that at age 13, her father began molesting her when he was drinking, but that in her family no one was allowed to mention any problems. She reports never telling anyone until now. She is the youngest of three children and the only girl. Her father died in an alcohol related car accident when Rosa was 17. She is not close to her brothers, who she reports have been in and out of jail for substance related crimes. Up until a month ago, Rosa was regularly attending twice-weekly treatment sessions at an outpatient chemical dependency clinic, and she went to AA/NA regularly 3 times a week. She had a sponsor and they kept in touch several times a week, sometimes daily. From the beginning of recovery, Rosa has experienced some mild depression. She describes having little pleasure in life and feeling tired and “dragging” all of the time. Rosa reports that her difficulty in standing up for herself with her boss at work is a constant stressor. She persisted with treatment and AA/NA, but has seen no major improvement in how she feels.

After Rosa celebrated her 6-month sobriety anniversary, she reports that she started having a harder time getting herself up each day. Around this same time, she returned to drinking daily. She says that she then started experiencing bouts of feeling worthless, sad, guilty, hopeless, and very anxious. Her sleep problems increased, she began having nightmares, and she lost her appetite. She started her crack use again one night after her boss got very upset with her not finishing something on time. 

     Rosa reports that she began drinking regularly (several times a week) around the age of 13, when her father started molesting her. She recalls having felt depressed around the same time that she began drinking heavily, although she states she has very few clear memories of that time in her life. Rosa’s drinking became progressively worse over the years, although she did not begin to see it as a problem until after she began using crack, at around age 28. She reports feeling depressed over much of her adult life, however her depression got much worse after she began using crack daily.

     Rosa fears that Christina is using alcohol and drugs to fit in socially with her peer group, and believes she is sexually active.  Rosa is certain that Christina is pregnant. She does not believe in abortion, and is concerned that Christina continues to use drugs and alcohol in spite of her pregnancy. She believes this is all her fault that Christina is following in her footsteps with substance use and teenage pregnancy.

    Now, one week into treatment, Rosa reports feeling numb and tense. She talks only in women’s treatment groups and, then, only when specifically asked a question. She feels hopeless about her ability to put her life together and says that she only sees herself failing again to achieve sobriety. Rosa reflects that she was unable to adequately protect her daughter from repeating her own past with drugs, alcohol and teenage pregnancy. She speculates that maybe she is an unfit mother and should give her mother full custody of Christina.
Assignment Outcomes
Examine ethical and legal issues related to substance use and related disorders
Identify standard screening and assessment instruments for substance use and related disorders
Develop appropriate treatment plans incorporating recovery methods and strategies in collaboration with other professionals
Apply a working knowledge of research on prevention, early intervention and treatment of substance use and related disorders
Recognize methods and strategies related to working with diverse and marginalized populations
See Learning Outcomes on page 1 of your course syllabus

How might these group dynamics or characteristics manifest in a group specific to treating addictions?


Unit 7 Assignment 1
Theoretical Practice
Submit the Theoretical Practice section (6–8 pages) of your final project. Using the approach you selected (cognitive behavioral, motivational interviewing, or solution-focused theory), identify three different strategies or interventions used in that theory and describe how this would appear in a group setting. Create a sample dialogue of the clients’ statements and the counselor’s statements implementing these three strategies. Discuss the purpose of the intervention and the anticipated outcome of its use.
Apply theories and strategies for group treatment of addictive behavior and provide a clear rationale for their use.
Apply the use of three strategies in a group setting during one of the stages of group development with a clear and articulate purpose. 
Create a sample dialogue of the clients’ statements and the counselors’ statements, which is realistic and well-aligned with expectations for the strategy use, implementing the three strategies
Describe the purpose of the intervention and the anticipated outcome of its use, evaluating the outcomes and explicitly identifying further actions. 
Unit 7 Discussion 1
Group Development
Select one of the video segments from The Evolution of a Group video illustrating the stages of group development. Address the following for that stage of group development:

Identify      and describe examples from the video that illustrate common group dynamics      or characteristics for your chosen stage of group development.
How      might these group dynamics or characteristics manifest in a group specific      to treating addictions?
Identify      and describe appropriate group leadership skills for facilitating the      group at this specific stage of group development.
Use      the course readings to support your analysis.

If Jesus can look past our skin, then why can we not look past the skin of others?

Each reply must be a minimum of 250 words, APA format, cited, referenced, and biblical worldview 
Brianna-  This week was very eye opening through not only the literature that I read but also the lecture that I heard. It was very sad to see the history between black individuals and counseling and how they were often taken advantage of in sessions. One thing that Dr. Pride mentioned in the video that the word trust is very important for counselors who are white to understand for counseling individuals who are black “Pride, (2018a)”. I feel that trust is a very important thing to build within a counseling session. I am aware of the history that has taken place in America and the generational hurt and oppression that has been experienced by the African American culture. I want my clients to know that it is a safe space to talk, but I do want to build that trust. I think as a counselor I always want to be self-aware and check my own biases to make sure that I am not harming a client. Respect is very important, and I want to communicate that effectively (McGoldrick, Giordano, & Garcia-Preto, 2005). I also do not want to be naïve and pretend that racism does not exist. I am aware that it is still active and present. Black individuals have experienced and are still experiencing social, political, and economic oppression that affect everyday life (McGoldrick et al., 2005). “Their giving voice to feelings of fear and outrage at the injustices they experience may result in their being told that they are acting as victims or playing the race card” (McGoldrick et al., 2005, p. 84). I want to be culturally aware of the past and present-day racism and the injustice that many have experienced.
I think there may be a challenge to counseling African Americans. I know that it will be important to discuss my ethnic and cultural background and how it is different (McGoldrick et al., 2005). I cannot even imagine the hurt and oppression that was and still is experienced especially from white people. I want to focus on the presenting problem, but also be culturally aware and communicate respect and trust. I want to show the love that the Lord has for all peoples of all tongues, and of all nations. “The second is this: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ There is no other commandment greater than these” (Mark 12:31 [ESV]). Jesus showed his love to everyone and I want to be His hand and feet and give that to others.

Brandy -Some interesting things came up in Dr. Pride’s presentation on counseling African Americans. As counselors, we need to be very mindful and respectful of what name we attach to their ethnicity (Pride, 2018a).  Some people of that culture prefer the term “colored”, “black”, or simply “African American”. Pride (2018a) expressed the importance of asking your client from the very beginning what term she refers to herself as. Pride (2018a) went through segregation and integration, so he does not see “colored” as being an offensive term. By asking the client how he or she would identify themselves will show a sense of respect on the counselor’s end. It was surprising to learn that in the African American culture, there is a sense of shame that comes with seeking counseling. The culture has a lot of spirituality as well, so seeking counsel was almost like not trusting God to help you (Pride, 2018a).  Also, some African American’s are not seen as “people” and are often treated different because of their skin color. There was also a strong sense of family and togetherness (Hays & Erford, 2018). Members of the family were often the ones that would listen to them when something was bothering them. 
In counseling African Americans, I find it very important to remember to ask the client first how he or she would like me to call her ethnicity. Hopefully by asking this question, the client will feel that I respect them as a person. Respect is a good first step to building rapport with our clients. I know that reading about this culture has given me a good idea of the culture norms and such, but as a counselor I should not just assume that those norms apply to my client. I should not come in the session with any preconceived ideas about how the client is going to be. In dealing with any culture that is different than our own, it is important that we not judge them based on their outward appearance. In learning this, I think of the song, “Jesus Loves the Little Children”. Jesus loves all the children regardless of color. If Jesus can look past our skin, then why can we not look past the skin of others? 

Discuss the differences between psychological and social risk factors, and their relationship to human aggression and violence.

Write an essay that discusses the differences between psychological and social risk factors, and their relationship to human aggression and violence. Include the theoretical perspectives on aggression, cognitive models of aggression, environmental factors, and the effects of mass media.
The body of your paper should be at least 4 and no more than 6 full pages in length, not including title and reference pages. Your paper should be in APA essay format: double-spaced, 12-point Times New Roman font, with one-inch margins on all sides. Use at least 3 reference sources, including your textbook and a peer-reviewed journal article from our online library, and one or more other credible sources. Following APA format, use in-text citations in the body of your paper to show where you have used source material, supported by references at the end.

TEXTBOOK LINK:!/4/[email protected]:0


Discuss the differences between paraphilias and sexual dysfunctions.

Based on your learning in Hooley, Butcher, Nock and Mineka (2017) this week, 

1. First, discuss the differences between paraphilias and sexual dysfunctions, and provide at least two examples of each. Second, should a sexual dysfunction be considered a mental disorder based on your learning this week?

REFERENCE: Butcher, J. N., Mineka, S., & Hooley, J. M., & Nock M.K (2017). Abnormal psychology (17th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson

How non-adaptive characteristics can become prevalent in populations through evolutionary processes.

One common misunderstanding of the neo-Darwinian synthesis is that each of the characteristics produced in the evolutionary process must be adaptations. There are instead cases in which non-adaptive characteristics can become prevalent in populations through evolutionary processes. What does Kitcher give as an example of such a case?

How language acquisition affects other aspects of development.


Follow basic APA formatting i.e. 12pt font (Times or Arial), double spaced, 1 inch margins. You do not need a cover page but you must cite references in APA style.
Be clear, and concise, but thorough in order to expect full points.

Please check your grammar, sentence structure, and thought process – as this assignment is language focused 😉
Please watch the video attached above – it deals with a classic case study known as Genie the Wild Child
It’s 55 minutes long and really interesting.
ALSO:-  Read the attached Article:    TheEarlyCatastrophe(1).pdf

Discuss the case study (video) with reference to the key arguments on language development that are covered in your book, and the video, namely the critical period vs the sensitive period, and the behavioral approach vs the LAD approach (Noam Chomsky). How do these ideas clash and combine with this case.    
Use the article to assist in discussing how language acquisition affects other aspects of development.
What are your take away thoughts about language development – does this case answer the questions?  If not, why?  What else do we need etc. make sure to use peer reviewed journal research to support your arguments. Do not use direct quotes from the article, only paraphrase and cite accordingly.

Issues based on the theoretical perspectives.

Prior to beginning work on this discussion, please read the required Baltes (1987) articles for this week.
For your initial post, choose one contemporary issue or problem related to developmental psychology that is prevalent in today’s news and research a minimum of one peer-reviewed article on this issue in the Ashford University Library. Evaluate the issue based on one of the theoretical perspectives (Freud’s Psychosexual Theory, Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory, Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, etc.) that we have studied across this course. Explain how the theory provides a deeper understanding of the contemporary issue. Propose one well-developed solution to address the issue or problem.

What advice might you give a modern-day parent for relating to his or her teen.

ment 1 
M5 Assignment 1 Discussion
Previous Next 
Assignment 1: Transitioning to Young Adulthood

Would it surprise you to learn that this quote is attributed to Socrates (469-399 B.C.)? As children grow through middle childhood and into adolescence, they assert their autonomy more and more, becoming less likely to conform with parental influence as they form their own identities.
Review the stages of development covered in this course (including cognitive, socioemotional, and physical) and the main concepts you have learned in this module, including autonomy, identity formation, and relationships. In the Discussion Area, respond to the following:

What have you learned about development during adolescence that might explain how this quote can apply to modern day adolescents, as well as those who lived centuries ago?
Although there might be general similarities, are there some differences that modern-day parents need to consider as well?
What advice might you give a modern-day parent for relating to his or her teen, based on what you have learned about development during adolescence?
Based on your readings for this course, do you think research on development supports adolescence as a time of turmoil, identity formation, and/or peer pressure? Be sure to utilize the Dahl and Hariri article, which is required reading this week.
Remember to support your responses with research from your readings.

Submission Details

By the due date assigned, post your 200- to 300-word response to the Discussion Area.
Through the end of the module, review and respond to the questions submitted by at least two of your classmates. Participate in the discussion by asking questions, providing or asking for statements of clarification, and drawing conclusions. Offer your own assessments insights and issues mentioned by your classmates.
All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources. Use this APA Citation Helperas a convenient reference for properly citing resources.

Grading CriteriaMaximum PointsQuality of initial posting, including fulfillment of assignment instructions16Quality of responses to classmates12Frequency of responses to classmates4Reference to supporting readings and other materials4Language and grammar4Total:40

1 2 3 86