What areas do you think are most important for you to accommodate into your own development to support your career and life goals? Why?

TOPIC:  transformational leadership framework

PLEASE SEE ATTACHED ARTICLE

Prior to completing this discussion read Chapter 7: Leadership and Communication in the required text, as well as the article “Impact of leader’s emotional intelligence and transformational behavior on perceived leadership effectiveness: A multiple source view”. This discussion includes two parts:”. This discussion includes two parts:

Part One: First, based on your first name, discuss the assigned theory/framework thoroughly, explaining what it concludes as well as how it could potentially impact an organization. Please do not use quotes. Explain what you understand about what the text states about the theory/framework in your own words and add citations to support your statements.

Part Two: Chapter 7 of your text discusses leadership applied to multiple behaviors/indicators, including style, derailment, power, diversity, and communications. Considering all of these variables, what areas do you think are most important for you to accommodate into your own development to support your career and life goals? Why?
Your initial post should be between 350 and 400 words. You must use at least one outside source (peer-reviewed article, newspaper article, or other reputable source) in addition to your text. Cite all information from your sources according to APA guidelines as outlined in the In-Text Citation Helper: A Guide to Making APA In-Text Citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. List each of your sources at the end of your post according to APA style as shown in the sample page for References. 

Explain the five domains of personality.

To prepare for this discussion, please read Chapter 9 of your textbook. In addition, complete the International Personality Item Pool Representation of the NEO PI-RTM (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., watch Correlation: Against All Odds: Inside Statistics (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., and read “The interplay between culture and personality”. Finally, review Instructor Guidance and relevant Announcements.  In this discussion, you will consider personality.  Be sure to use your own academic voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and apply in-text citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. appropriately throughout your post.

Personality psychology explores individual differences:  what characteristics make you different, unique, and… well, you?

Complete the International Personality Item Pool Representation of the NEO PI-RTM (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (either the short or long version).  

Explain the five domains of personality. 
Interpret your score, noting aspects of the assessment that are interesting to you.
Illustrate each dimension of your personality with personal examples. 

Watch Correlation: Against All Odds: Inside Statistics (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and read “The interplay between culture and personality”. 

Differentiate between malleable versus rigid elements of personality.
Relate elements of your own personality that may be particularly impacted by social and cultural contexts that you have experienced.

Remember to use your own academic voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and apply in-text citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. appropriately throughout your post.

Post your initial response of 250 words or more 

Explain how stereotypes, prejudice, and/or discrimination are impacted by media portrayals of women or men.

To prepare for this discussion, please read Chapter 8 of your textbook. In addition, watch Jean Kilbourne: The dangerous ways ads see women (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and Tough Guise: Violence, media & the crisis in masculinity (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.. You must also find one scholarly article to inform your thinking (see instructions below).  Finally, review Instructor Guidance and any relevant Announcements.  In this discussion, you will consider the influence of social factors on individual mental processes and behavior.  Be sure to use your own academic voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and apply in-text citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. appropriately throughout your post.

Watch Jean Kilbourne:  The Dangerous Ways Ads See Women (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.(Jean Kilbourne, 2014), which examines the portrayal of women in advertising and the resulting effects on feminine identity, and Tough Guise:  Violence, Media & the Crisis in Masculinity (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.(ChallengingMedia, 2006), which examines the portrayal of men in the media and the resulting effects on masculine identity.
Locate a scholarly article examining a relevant phenomenon in relation to media and gender (e.g., when considering women in advertising, self-esteem, objectification, body shame, or perceptions of attractiveness might be particularly relevant; when considering men in the media, aggression might be particularly relevant; for both, attitudes and gender roles are relevant themes).  See the recommended articles for this week for some options.
Focus on women or men for your discussion, depending on the relevant phenomenon you considered in your research above.  (You will address the opposite in your replies.).
Examine the implications of media portrayals of women or men, given the videos you watched and the article you read.  In your discussion, include the following:

Explain how stereotypes, prejudice, and/or discrimination are impacted by media portrayals of women or men.
Interpret  the implications:

How might the portrayal of gender impact behavior and/or mental processes? For example, does seeing scantily clad women or “macho” men have positive or negative effects on men? How does it affect women? Support your points with examples and/or credible evidence.

Relate additional phenomena in American culture that that may be especially relevant to a discussion of social attitudes regarding gender.
Give an example of an advertisement or media program (other than one presented in the required videos) that you believe might impact attitudes.   Explain the relevance and point out specific elements that illustrate.

Remember to use your own academic voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and apply in-text citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. appropriately throughout your post.

Post your initial response of 250 words or more

How would you encourage involvement in community-based resources?

Details:

Part 1: Using the revised treatment plan completed in Topic 7, complete a discharge summary for your client using the “Discharge Summary” template. This discharge summary should address the following:

What behaviors would indicate that the client is sustaining at a healthy baseline?
How would you determine if Eliza met her treatment goals?
What factors would determine if the treatment needed to be reevaluated, extended, or possibly referred to another clinician or setting?
Based on your assessment of current symptomology, does your client, Eliza, need wraparound services, outpatient references, and/or step-down services? (Recommendations should be based on the information gathered for second mandatory evaluation).
How would you encourage involvement in community-based resources?

Part 2: Write a 700-1,050-word summary statement about your client, Eliza.
Include or address the following in your summary statement:

Demonstrate whether or not the client met the goals of the treatment plan.
What specifically contributed to the success of the treatment plan or lack thereof?
What language would you use to communicate the outcome to the client?
How would you document the final session?
Include at least three scholarly references in your paper.

Submit your discharge summary and summary statement to your instructor.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. 

Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Please refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.

This assignment meets the following CACREP Standard: 2.F.5.k: Strategies to promote client understanding of and access to a variety of community-based resources intervention.
This assignment meets the following NASAC Standards: 
73) Conduct continuing care, relapse prevention, and discharge planning with the client and involved significant others.
74) Assure the accurate documentation of case management activities throughout the course of treatment.
75) Apply placement, continued stay, and discharge criteria for each modality on the continuum of care.
112) Prepare and record treatment and continuing care plans that are consistent with agency standards and comply with applicable administrative rules.
114) Prepare an accurate, concise, informative, and current discharge summary

Topic 8 Discharge Summary Template

Directions: Complete the Discharge Summary form by addressing the fields below. 

Presenting Problem Upon Admission:

[State the client’s presenting problem upon admission here.]
Client Name: [Enter the client’s name here]
Date of Birth: [MM/DD/YYYY]
Date of Admission: [MM/DD/YYYY]
Date of Discharge: [MM/DD/YYYY]
Current Medication:
[List the client’s current medications here.]
Reason for Discharge:
[State the client’s reason for discharge here.]
Resources and Referrals:
[List the client’s resources and referrals here.]
Projected Prognosis:
[State the client’s projected prognosis here.]

Discuss the importance of rationale decision-making in an organization.

 PLEASE USE ATTACHED TEMPLATE

Our text suggests that objective reality is often significantly  different from perceived reality and is an important variable to  consider when making decisions within an organization. In addition,  attribution theory describes how people create the explanations for  their own and others’ actions, as well as the outcomes of the applied  behaviors. Based on these two premises, consider the following and then,  formulate an analysis about how attribution theory and bias (according  to chapter 8 in our text) can explain human behaviors within  organizations and industry.

Use, or closely follow, this template for your paper.
Consider the following information associated with attribution theory to support to your writing about decision-making: 

perceptions
bounded reality
cognitive biases
conjunction fallacy
consistency
consensus
distinctiveness
fundamental attribution error
creative decision making

Writing Content 

Decision-Making 

Based on our content this week, discuss the importance of rationale  decision-making in an organization, using necessary citations. Include  how bounded reality, cognitive biases, and conjunction fallacy might  affect decision-making.

Attribution Theory 

Explain attribution theory using necessary citations. Include a  discussion about the effects of consistency, consensus, distinctiveness,  and fundamental attribution error. Consider inclusion about the effects  of perception, primacy and recency effects, selective perceptions,  contrast effect, stereotyping to further support your discussion.

Personal Experience: Inaccurate Judgement 

Based on our content this week, consider your own experiences with  others. Have your actions ever been judged inaccurately by a person such  as a boss, a peer, or a family member? How could this experience  support your thesis about whether or not attribution theory and bias  affect human behaviors with organization?
Can self-serving, or other, bias affect one’s perception of a behavior?

Creative Decision Making 

Explain how creative decision-making can improve our ability to make  better decisions, considering the numerous obstacles to do so. Include  an analysis about how good decision making can potentially affect  productivity and job satisfaction.

Writing considerations:

The introduction paragraph should introduce your topic and clearly explain what the paper will address.
Headings can be used to organize your information. See template. (Each heading should include at least two paragraphs – minimum.)
Each paragraph should make a point which can be linked back to your  introduction paragraph. Design the topic sentence to embody what the  paragraph will entail.
The most important consideration in the body paragraphs is the  argument that you want to develop (is or is not perceptions, attribution  theory and bias applicable?) in response to the topic (applicability of  perception, attribution theory and bias). This argument is developed by  making and linking points in and between paragraphs.
The conclusion paragraph should restate your thesis (your suggestion  that perceptions, attribution theory and bias does or does not apply to  human behaviors in organizations.)

Your assignment should be a minimum of five to six double-spaced  pages, and should adequately discuss the topic, demonstrate maturating  self-awareness, and include at least one peer-reviewed source, in  addition to your text. Use the rubric to check for thoroughness. Include  frequent citation to resources.
The Ashford Library should be used as your primary resource for this  assignment, but other credible sources will also be accepted. Your  sources should be cited according to APA format as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..  
The paper 

Must be five to six double-spaced pages in length, not including the  title or references pages, and formatted according to APA style as  outlined in the Ashford Writing Center (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Must include a title page with the following: 

Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

Must begin with an introductory paragraph which will outline the two parts to be addressed within the paper.
Must address the topics with critical thought and support all assertions with peer-reviewed sources.
Must end with a conclusion that synthesizes your findings about attribution theory and bias effect on human behavior.
Must use at least one peer-reviewed sources from the Ashford University Library, not including your textbook.
Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the In-Text Citation Guide (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..
Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the APA References List (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..

Discuss the different states of consciousness and how they affect brain and bodily activity.

Psychologists have discovered that human beings experience several different states of consciousness during the course of a day. For example, people have times when they are especially alert and times when they are awake but not alert, often called “daydreaming.” Also, while people are asleep, they experience different stages of sleep, each characterized by different patterns of brain and bodily activity.

In a multi-paragraph essay, discuss the different states of consciousness that you have experienced in the past 24 hours, including any periods when you were asleep, alert, or “daydreaming.” Be sure to describe both the brain and bodily activity you experienced during each state of consciousness. Include information from class materials, readings, and research on states of consciousness to support your discussion.

How we can use operant conditioning to change the behavior of people and animals.

Psychologists like B. F. Skinner have studied how we can use operant conditioning to change the behavior of people and animals. Drawing on your personal experience, choose a person or animal whose behavior you want to change. (You may select your own behavior for this question if you wish.) How could you use operant conditioning to change the behavior of this person or animal?

In a multi-paragraph essay, describe your plan to change this behavior. Be sure to mention what type of reinforcer and reinforcement schedule you would use and explain why you made those particular choices. Include information from class materials, readings, and research on operant conditioning to support your discussion.

Identify trends you expect to emerge within the field of I/O psychology.

 
Assignment 3: Recognizing and Projecting Trends in I/O Psychology
Consider the trends discussed in the required readings for this module along with relevant learning from your courses throughout the MAIO program. Further, using the Argosy University online library resources and the Internet, choose one of the thirteen research areas suggested in the required reading article by Cascio and Aguinis (2008). Then, respond to the following:

Explain how societal events over this century have shaped the field of I/O psychology in general and your chosen research area specifically.
Identify trends you expect to emerge within the field of I/O psychology generally and your chosen research area specifically in the next ten years. Explain and support your predictions with evidence from scholarly literature.
Describe competencies you think will be especially important for an I/O professional for these future trends. Justify your reasoning for the importance of these competencies.

Your final product will be a 3- to 5-page Microsoft Word document written in APA format and utilizing at least three sources from professional literature. Professional literature may include the Argosy University online library resources, relevant textbooks, peer-reviewed journal articles, and websites created by professional organizations, agencies, or institutions (.edu, .org, and .gov). Your paper should be written in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.
Reference:
Cascio, W. F., & Aguinis, H. (2008). Research in industrial and organizational
psychology from 1963 to 2007: Changes, choices, and trends. Journal
of Applied Psychology, 93(5), 1062-1081. doi:10.1037/0021-9010.93.5.
1062

Explain what it means for a research topic to be amenable to scientific study using a qualitative approach.

  
This week’s resources
Burkholder, G. J., Cox, K. A., & Crawford, L. M. (2016). The scholar-practitioner’s guide to research design. Baltimore, MD: Laureate Publishing.
· Chapter 7, “Quality Considerations”
Smith, J. K. (1984). The problem of criteria for judging interpretive inquiry. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 6(4), 379–391.
Discussion: Designing Qualitative Research
As you recall from earlier weeks, various philosophical orientations hold unique epistemological and ontological assumptions. These assumptions return to the forefront of attention when considering how to evaluate the rigor or quality of various qualitative research designs. 
Typically, when speaking of validity, qualitative researchers are referring to research that is credible and trustworthy, i.e., the extent to which one can have confidence in the study’s findings (Lincoln & Guba, 1985). Generalizability, a marker of reliability, is typically not a main purpose of qualitative research because the researcher rarely selects a random sample with a goal to generalize to a population or to other settings and groups. Rather, a qualitative researcher’s goal is often to understand a unique event or a purposively selected group of individuals. Therefore, when speaking of reliability, qualitative researchers are typically referring to research that is consistent or dependable (Lincoln & Guba, 1985), i.e., the extent to which the findings of the study are consistent with the data that was collected.
References
Lincoln, Y. S., & Guba, E. G. (1985). Naturalistic inquiry. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
For this Discussion, you will explain criteria for evaluating the quality of qualitative research and consider the connection of such criteria to philosophical orientations. You will also consider the ethical implications of designing qualitative research.
With these thoughts in mind:
By Day 4
Post an explanation of two criteria for evaluating the quality of qualitative research designs. Next, explain how these criteria are tied to epistemological and ontological assumptions underlying philosophical orientations and the standards of your discipline. Then, identify a potential ethical issue in qualitative research and explain how it might influence design decisions. Finally, explain what it means for a research topic to be amenable to scientific study using a qualitative approach.
Be sure to support your Main Issue Post and Response Post with reference to the week’s Learning Resources and other scholarly evidence in APA Style.

How ICT may cause unhealthy mental conditions .

  
Assignment:
Annotation of a Qualitative Research Article
Submit: Annotation of a Qualitative Research Article
This week, you will submit the annotation of a qualitative research article on a topic of your interest. This annotation is a precursor to the annotated bibliography assignment due in Week 10. 
An annotation consists of three separate paragraphs that cover three respective components: summary, analysis, and application. These three components convey the relevance and value of the source. As such, an annotation demonstrates your critical thinking about, and authority on, the source topic. This week’s annotation is a precursor to the annotated bibliography assignment due in Week 10.
An annotated bibliography is a document containing selected sources accompanied by a respective annotation of each source. In preparation for your own future research, an annotated bibliography provides a background for understanding a portion of the existing literature on a particular topic. It is also a useful first step in gathering sources in preparation for writing a subsequent literature review as part of a dissertation. 
Please review the assignment instructions below and click on the underlined works for information about how to craft each component of an annotation. 
It is recommended that you use the grading rubric as a self-evaluation tool before submitting your assignment.
By Day 7
· Annotate one qualitative research article from a peer-reviewed journal on a topic of your interest.
· Provide the reference list entry for this article in APA Style followed by a three-paragraph annotation that includes: 
o A summary
o An analysis
o An application as illustrated in this example
· Format your annotation in Times New Roman, 12-point font, double-spaced. A separate References list page is not needed for this assignment.
·  
·  
· Sample paper to assist with assignment
Thomée, S., Dellve, L., Härenstam, A., & Hagberg, M. (2010). Perceived connections between information and communication technology use and mental symptoms among young adults-a qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 10(1), 66.
Summary
The topic of the qualitative study by Thomée, Dellve, Härenstam & Hagberg (2010) is “Perceived connections between information and communication technology use and mental symptoms among young adults”. The authors of this study were aimed on discovering a possible link between the use of information and communication technologies (ICT) and unhealthy mental conditions, including major depressive disorder (MDD), stress, and sleep disorders. This study doesn’t have a theoretical basis, because it is focused on creating a theory of how ICT may cause unhealthy mental conditions (Thomée et al., 2010).  Some previous studies have identified that frequent use of the internet, email, messengers, and computers, is associated with unhealthy mental conditions, however causal mechanisms were not identified (Thomée et al., 2010). Hence, the authors of this study conducted a semi-structured interview with 32 young adults who reported high ICT. Participants were divided into 2 groups. The first group consisted of 28 high computer users, while the second group consisted of 20 high mobile phone users (Thomée et al., 2010). 
The semi-structured interviews were conducted by the main author of the research. The author used qualitative interviews, which means that participants were asked open questions about connection between ICT and unhealthy mental conditions. In addition, the participant’s mental condition was assessed by a physician (Thomée et al., 2010). The data acquired during the interviews was analyzed with a qualitative content analysis. These researchers created the model based on the analyzed data. The model presented possible paths for associations between ICT use and mental symptoms. It was found that the main cause of negative mental conditions is high quantitative use of computers and smartphones (Thomée et al., 2010). Participants who used computers for a long periods of time reported that they were stuck in different unproductive activities such as web surfing and playing games. As a result, they had a feeling of the wasted time. Some participants also claimed that high use of ICT leads to feeling of loneliness (Thomée et al., 2010). In addition, long use of computers may have impact on physiological health. 
In both groups, several people have reported perceived connection between high ICT use and different mental symptoms, including depression. Some of the participants had stress and sleep disturbances that are also associated with MDD. Six men and six women were diagnosed with a various psychiatric disorders. Four participants were diagnosed with a mild depression, while two participants were diagnosed with a moderate depression (Thomée et al., 2010). 
The authors claimed that physiological problems foster the depression. Participants with long periods spent using mobile devices reported similar problems. It can be explained by the fact that not responding to SMS or calls may cause a feeling of guilt (Thomée et al., 2010). The researchers also claimed that another possible factor causing depression is that people prefer to tell bad news via SMS than face to face. In addition, it was mentioned that certain technological factors like electromagnetic radiation may affect mental condition (Thomée et al., 2010). It is important to mention that some participants claimed that ICT is not a primary cause of depression and that depression should be associated with a working activities that are often done with a help of computers. The authors note that some studies have found a direct connection between high psychological demands at work and risks of MDD development (Thomée et al., 2010). 
Analysis
The research question is well framed because it addresses a specific problem, and significant because it the problem it addresses is significant (Burkholder et al., 2016). Due to the rapid development of ICTs, it is important to conduct studies focused on discovering potentially negative impacts of computers and smartphones. The authors have provided a brief description of previous articles, hence relation of the research question to existing body of knowledge is quite strong (Thomée et al., 2010). According to some previous studies, 75% of 16-24-year-old Swedes used internet every day and more than 90% had computers. Another study described by the authors claim that ICTs provided both opportunities and risks, including negative impact on physiological and psychological condition (Thomée et al., 2010). Moreover, emailing and chatting were associated with depression and created symptoms that directly lead to MDD.  According to the APA (2013), stress, sleep disorders, loneliness, apathy, guilt, and depression are all criteria that can be used in diagnosing MDD in patients. These were all symptoms described by participants in this study (Thomée et al., 2010). Therefore, this article makes a significant contribution to an existing body of knowledge by providing detailed information about high ICT use and depression. 
The authors didn’t use any theory while conducting their research; instead these researchers derived their theory from the results of their research. This means that they used the inductive method (de Vaus, 2001). The research was aimed on interpreting answers to open-ended questions. All stages of the research were described in detail and in scientific language (Thomée et al., 2010). The research methods used in this qualitative study were therefore appropriate. The first method used was observation with a help of semi-structured interviews. The second method was interpretation that was made by coding of information acquired during the interviews and creating a model. Hence, the authors have used all methods appropriate to answer the research question (Thomée et al., 2010). 
It is also worth noting that the sample size used was not very big, but the amount of participants is enough for a qualitative study. It is possible that the study results were influenced by bias, because analysis and interviews were made by the main author (Thomée et al., 2010). Moreover, there are also some limitations presented in this study. Participants belonged to high achieving academic programs and their socio-economic status was not considered (Thomée et al., 2010). These specific issues pose some threats to generalization of the results. 
Finally, there were inclusion criteria used for participants. Only those who reported about high computer or mobile phone exposure and had at least two of the following symptoms: depression, stress, and sleep disturbances could become participants (Thomée et al., 2010). Here, there was a self-reporting, self-selecting sample of participants. Because almost all people in modern society use smartphones and computers, and only participants who claim to suffer from certain symptoms were considered, there would appear to be a link that might not be causal. Similarly, however, any variable could be used in the place of ICTs and might result in similar findings, regardless of the actual causation. Therefore, to insure more accurate results, it would be more effective to conduct research on people with high ICT use, and analyze how many of these people have symptoms of MDD, depression, stress, sleep disorders, or other unhealthy mental conditions.
Application
This article addresses a meaningful gap in the other sources in this field, because it is focused on researching influence of modern technologies on mental condition. As discussed in the article, there are numerous problems directly and indirectly associated with smartphone and computer use (Thomée et al., 2010). Thus, the article fills a gap in the literature, because it is aimed on discovering connection between depression, sleep disorders, stress and ICT’s. The impact of ICT’s can be quite significant, because they can be used to avoid social interactions or even cause a psychological addiction. Modern technologies reduce the amount of real life communication, and this lack of communication may be related to high rates of MDD among young adult population (Thomée et al., 2010). Furthermore, communication over the internet is far different from real life communication, and the main difference is anonymity. People tend to act antisocially when they are protected by anonymity (Grigg, 2010). This can, of course lead to additional symptoms of depression, as antisocial behavior towards others, or anonymous cyberbullying, can affect the mental condition of the target.  
It can be claimed that this article informs future researches on depression by providing a valuable information about how ICT’s can contribute to the development of MDD and other related symptoms such as sleep disorders and stress. As mentioned above, MDD is often associated with sleep disorders and other unhealthy conditions, so it should be considered as a complex problem (APA, 2013). In addition, the qualitative methods used in this article can be applied to find out what factors participants perceive as the most contributing to development of their MDD. Hence, qualitative interviews can be potentially helpful for identifying the major causes of MDD. Methods used in this research can also be applied to codify the qualitative interviews and create a model describing relation between different factors and MDD.
References:
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Burkholder, G. J., Cox, K. A., & Crawford, L. M. (2016). The scholar-practitioner’s guide to research design. Baltimore, MD: Laureate Publishing.
de Vaus, D. A. (2001). Research design in social research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Grigg, D. W. (2010). Cyber-aggression: definition and concept of cyberbullying. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 20(02), 143-156.
Thomée, S., Dellve, L., Härenstam, A., & Hagberg, M. (2010). Perceived connections between information and communication technology use and mental symptoms among young adults-a qualitative study. BMC Public Health, 10(1), 66.

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