One common misunderstanding of the neo-Darwinian synthesis is that each of the characteristics produced in the evolutionary process must be adaptations. There are instead cases in which non-adaptive characteristics can become prevalent in populations through evolutionary processes. What does Kitcher give as an example of such a case?
Prior to beginning work on this discussion, please read the required Baltes (1987) articles for this week.
For your initial post, choose one contemporary issue or problem related to developmental psychology that is prevalent in today’s news and research a minimum of one peer-reviewed article on this issue in the Ashford University Library. Evaluate the issue based on one of the theoretical perspectives (Freud’s Psychosexual Theory, Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory, Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, etc.) that we have studied across this course. Explain how the theory provides a deeper understanding of the contemporary issue. Propose one well-developed solution to address the issue or problem.
Follow basic APA formatting i.e. 12pt font (Times or Arial), double spaced, 1 inch margins. You do not need a cover page but you must cite references in APA style.
Be clear, and concise, but thorough in order to expect full points.
Please check your grammar, sentence structure, and thought process – as this assignment is language focused 😉
Please watch the video attached above – it deals with a classic case study known as Genie the Wild Child
It’s 55 minutes long and really interesting.
ALSO:- Read the attached Article: TheEarlyCatastrophe(1).pdf
Discuss the case study (video) with reference to the key arguments on language development that are covered in your book, and the video, namely the critical period vs the sensitive period, and the behavioral approach vs the LAD approach (Noam Chomsky). How do these ideas clash and combine with this case.
Use the article to assist in discussing how language acquisition affects other aspects of development.
What are your take away thoughts about language development – does this case answer the questions? If not, why? What else do we need etc. make sure to use peer reviewed journal research to support your arguments. Do not use direct quotes from the article, only paraphrase and cite accordingly.
M5 Assignment 1 Discussion
Assignment 1: Transitioning to Young Adulthood
Would it surprise you to learn that this quote is attributed to Socrates (469-399 B.C.)? As children grow through middle childhood and into adolescence, they assert their autonomy more and more, becoming less likely to conform with parental influence as they form their own identities.
Review the stages of development covered in this course (including cognitive, socioemotional, and physical) and the main concepts you have learned in this module, including autonomy, identity formation, and relationships. In the Discussion Area, respond to the following:
What have you learned about development during adolescence that might explain how this quote can apply to modern day adolescents, as well as those who lived centuries ago?
Although there might be general similarities, are there some differences that modern-day parents need to consider as well?
What advice might you give a modern-day parent for relating to his or her teen, based on what you have learned about development during adolescence?
Based on your readings for this course, do you think research on development supports adolescence as a time of turmoil, identity formation, and/or peer pressure? Be sure to utilize the Dahl and Hariri article, which is required reading this week.
Remember to support your responses with research from your readings.
By the due date assigned, post your 200- to 300-word response to the Discussion Area.
Through the end of the module, review and respond to the questions submitted by at least two of your classmates. Participate in the discussion by asking questions, providing or asking for statements of clarification, and drawing conclusions. Offer your own assessments insights and issues mentioned by your classmates.
All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources. Use this APA Citation Helperas a convenient reference for properly citing resources.
Grading CriteriaMaximum PointsQuality of initial posting, including fulfillment of assignment instructions16Quality of responses to classmates12Frequency of responses to classmates4Reference to supporting readings and other materials4Language and grammar4Total:40
Assignment 2: LASA 2 Identity Formation
We have learned that adolescence is a time of transition between childhood and adulthood. A critical milestone of this stage is the ability to successfully achieve a sense of identity. Around the world, there are different rites of passage to mark the transition to adulthood. In the United States, this might include obtaining a driver’s license, landing one’s first job, senior prom, or high school graduation. In this assignment, we will explore the role that family and society play in the development of the individual’s sense of self.
By the due date assigned, create two deliverables for parents of minority teens:
A 9–12-slide Microsoft PowerPoint presentation (complete with speaker’s notes) and
An accompanying 1–2-page handout in Word document or PDF format.
Be sure that both illustrate the following:
Describe common rites of passage from two cultures around the world and compare them to a common American rite of passage. Possible resources might include National Geographic and the Argosy University online library resources. (This should only be a few slides maximum. Think about it as an introduction to the “meat” of your presentation)
Compare and contrast these rites to common US rites of passage. Do they coincide with the physical, cognitive, or socioemotional changes taking place at this age? Describe which specific changes (physical, cognitive, or socioemotional) they coincide with. Does this explain their importance in a particular culture? (This is where you need to really show an understanding of adolescent development)
How might such a social ritual, such as a rite of passage, influence the identity formation process of adolescents?
In light of Erikson and Marcia’s theories, discuss how the process of identity development is affected when the adolescent belongs to a minority group (racial, ethnic, sexual, or religious). Be sure to explain these theories and how they apply to identity development.
Summarize research from at least two peer-reviewed* studies on the effect of minority status on identity development, ensuring you describe the main findings of the study as well as the research methods used to study the topic. (e.g., Who was studied? What were their main questions? How were they studied? What did they find?)
Apply the information you gathered from the online notes, textbook, and research articles to provide at least three practical recommendations for what the family, school, and community can do to ease the process for adolescents.
The handout should not be an APA-formatted paper. It’s just a 1-2–page summary, which could be in bullet point form, formatted as a brochure. It’s something you would hand out to your audience to take with them that highlights the important points from your presentation. Imagine that your presentation will be to a group of teachers or parents, teaching them about identity development in adolescence. What would be helpful for them to review when they go home? It should not be merely the notes version of the PowerPoint presentation. It needs to be in Microsoft Word or Publisher format. It is usually a good idea to include your references with your handout so the audience can go back and follow up with the sources you used if they want to.
For your Microsoft PowerPoint presentation, make sure you are using the speaker’s notes. This is the blank space beneath each slide. If you do not see a blank space, click on the bottom of your slide and drag up—you should see it now. This is where you will elaborate and explain the points on your slide. If you do not use the speaker’s notes to expand and explain, it is unlikely you will sufficiently meet all the requirements.
*Peer-reviewed means an article from a reputable journal, which can be found in the Argosy University online library resources. Peer reviewed indicates that other professionals in the field have reviewed and deemed it worthy of publication, in contrast to much if what we find online: someone posting something he or she wants to, without someone else verifying that the research methods were rigorous enough and the study is valid. Use your textbook and course lectures as your primary resources, as well as articles from the Argosy University online library resources. If you must supplement from a website, do not use .coms. Instead, look for .org, .gov, and sometimes .edu for more reputable sources. Never use Wikipedia or about.com.
This assignment is worth 300 points and will be evaluated according to the rubric. Study the rubric carefully before you start work and refer to it periodically to complete this assignment.
Save your presentation and your handout as LastnameFirstInitial_M5_A2.
Be sure to follow APA rules for attributing sources. Use this APA Citation Helper as a convenient reference for properly citing resources.
By the due date assigned, submit your document to the Submissions Area.
Review the detailed grading rubric.
Assignment 2 Grading CriteriaMaximum PointsDescribed common rites of passage from two cultures around the world and compared them to a common American rite of passage.24Discussed whether they coincide with particular physical, cognitive, or socioemotional changes taking place at this age and discussed whether this explained their importance in a particular culture.32Analyzed how a social ritual, such as a rite of passage, might influence the identity formation process of adolescents.20Synthesized Erikson and Marcia’s theories of identity development while analyzing how the process of identity development is affected when the adolescent belongs to a minority group (racial, ethnic, sexual or religious).40Summarized research from at least two peer-reviewed studies on this issue, by describing the main findings of the study as well as the research methods used to study the topic.40Applied the information gathered to provide at least three practical recommendations for what the family, school and community can do to ease the process for adolescents.40Created a 1–2-page handout/flier that summarizes the information from the presentation as take-home information for the parents.40Style (8 points): Tone, audience, and word choice
Organization (16 points): Introduction, transitions, and conclusion
Usage and Mechanics (16 points): Grammar, spelling, and sentence structure
APA Elements (24 points): In text citations and references, paraphrasing, and appropriate use of quotations and other elements of style64Total:
Part 1: This is a chance for you to make the connection between your behavior and actual neuron growth in your brain. The idea is that the activities you choose to be involved with today, create the person you will be in the future. And so for this topic, describe the person you want to become in five years time. What new things will you learn that will stimulate an advanced and diverse neural network in yourself? Be sure to discuss the challenges you might encounter along the way and what you will need to do to overcome them. Here are some examples of what to write about:
a. Your career choice, and what skills and education it requires.
b. How you will be a member of your community, as an active participant or leader.
c. What choice of home culture you will pick for your own family.
d. Which healthful living activities such as diet, exercise, or meditation will you choose?
e, What new hobby would you pursue? Is it individual or team-related?
f. Or any other example of how you will have developed over those the next five years.
Part 2: This topic involves a kind of fast-forwarding in the development of the mind. There is research going on today that aims to create computer chips for placement in the human mind to help with various functions. The chips are intended to inform us or help us make decisions. For example, a chip could be implanted to identify diseases in the body, calculate our blood pressure, tell us when our diet isn’t providing sufficient vitamins, or even tell us when we need sleep. Other possibilities are numerous. The questions for this Discussion topic are, which of these functions, if any, would you like a brain-chip for: larger memory storage while you are in school… a chip that helps you with creativity… a chip that helps you control your emotions… a chip to help you understand what is best for you, and how to choose that path. Then discuss why you are willing to give up part of your human nature in favor of a new, possibly improved digital nature. Can you co-exist with a mini-computer in your brain?
How do goals motivate behavior? How are they achieved and what happens if they are not? How might a consideration of costs vs. benefits factor into goal setting and achievement?
If counseling is all talk and no action it is not effective counseling. The problem is that clients encounter many barriers in carrying out actions they identify in the counseling process.
Write a 750-1,000-word paper discussing action planning and overcoming barriers for client treatment. Please use headings and include the following in your paper:
Discuss the principles for effectively implementing an action plan.
Describe at least five barriers that might interfere with client implementation of the action plans that are created. Include a case example of each barrier.
Outline a counselor intervention that would help to overcome each barrier.
A list of your local community resources for different types of needs.
Outline an aftercare plan that utilized local community resources.
Include at least three scholarly references in your paper.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
Chapter 11: Belonging
The text describes two ingredients to belongingness and notes that partial satisfaction occurs when only one of these is fulfilled. Discuss the two ingredients and relationship examples of each that may lead to partial satisfaction. Then, consider how the dynamics of and need for belonging manifest in a world where near constant “connection” is possible. How might technology influence belonging? Think specifically about more recent technological advances, the impact of the Internet, and social networking sites, as well as smart phone.
Please respond with three paragraphs.
Discrimination Laws: Advantages and Disadvantages for both Employees and Business
This discussion assignment requires you to submit at least four posts: an initial post, two reply posts to fellow students in threads other than your own, and a revised post.
Prepare: In your first post in this discussion, you will become familiar with the case of Abercrombie & Fitch by means of the relevant material in the Required Resources this week. There is also a specific media feature located at the end of Section 5.3 of the textbook titled Workplace Discrimination: Abercrombie & Fitch. In order to be prepared for this task, you will need to complete the required readings and media listed.
Reflect: There are two sides to consider in the Abercrombie & Fitch case. On the one hand, we have the job candidate’s side. She went to the job interview wearing a hijab. The interviewer did not remark on the hijab, and the candidate also did not volunteer that her religious beliefs required her to wear a hijab. She was subsequently not hired based on the perception that her appearance was incongruous with the company’s look policy. For example, caps are not permitted and the male sales associates (referred to as “models” in the company’s corporate language) are often shirtless and in sweatpants in order to create the mood at the stores for the aesthetic for which Abercrombie & Fitch has become known: young, preppy, and hormonally charged. When she was notified that she was not hired for the position, she filed a complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission that, in turn, filed a lawsuit on her behalf alleging a violation of Title VII.
On the other hand, we have Abercrombie & Fitch’s side. As a company doing business in the United States, Abercrombie & Fitch is legally permitted to hire those employees who fit its look policy. This is no different from the look requirements for the Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders, the Chicago Bulls, the New York City Ballet company, or for jockeys hired by thoroughbred owners to race them at the Kentucky Derby. In all of these cases, there are height, size, and other look requirements for employment that are justified by the particular demands and aesthetics of the position. She was found to be qualified for the job but her dress was clearly in conflict with Abercrombie & Fitch’s look policy. Yet, the job applicant knowingly sought employment at this retailer.
According to the law, should a special accommodation be required due to a religious practice, then Title VII dictates that the look requirements give way to the religious requirement in order not to be considered an act of religious discrimination.
The EEOC prevailed in the District Court, but this judgment was reversed by the Tenth Circuit on the ground that failure-to-accommodate liability only attaches when a job candidate provides the potential employer with knowledge of the need for an accommodation due to religious practice. Once it reached the Supreme Court, the decision was made in favor of the job candidate. According to Justice Scalia,
Title VII does not demand mere neutrality with regard to religious practices—that they be treated no worse than other practices. Rather, it gives them favored treatment, affirmatively obligating employers not “to fail or refuse to hire or discharge any individual . . . because of such individual’s” “religious observance and practice.” An employer is surely entitled to have, for example, a no headwear policy as an ordinary matter. But when an applicant requires an accommodation as an “aspec[t] of religious . . . practice,” it is no response that the subsequent “fail[ure] . . . to hire” was due to an otherwise-neutral policy. Title VII requires otherwise-neutral policies to give way to the need for an accommodation.
The only dissenting opinion was that of Justice Thomas who wrote:
Mere application of a neutral policy cannot constitute “intentional discrimination.”…I would hold that Abercrombie’s conduct did not constitute “intentional discrimination.” Abercrombie refused to create an exception to its neutral Look Policy for Samantha Elauf ’s religious practice of wearing a headscarf… In doing so, it did not treat religious practices less favorably than similar secular practices, but instead remained neutral with regard to religious practices…Resisting this straightforward application of §1981a, the majority expands the meaning of “intentional discrimination” to include a refusal to give a religious applicant “favored treatment.”…But contrary to the majority’s assumption, this novel theory of discrimination is not commanded by the relevant statutory text.
Write: In the first part of your initial post, you will need to introduce the Abercrombie & Fitch lawsuit. In this introduction, you will also need to (1) articulate the freedoms that companies in the United States enjoy given our relatively-free market system and (2) present the Title VII regulations concerning employment discrimination. These will provide the setting for you to be able to examine how the nation’s laws affect the hiring practices of Abercrombie & Fitch and other companies whose hiring policy includes a particular aesthetic for employees.
In the second part of your initial post, present your analysis of this case in a way that identifies which entities (Abercrombie & Fitch as a corporation, the economic system in the USA, the regulatory control of the state, or all of these) have a role in the problem that led to the lawsuit under examination. In your analysis, you must assess the positive or negative effects of the interplay between business activity and one of the following: the free-market system, advertising, hiring regulations, or corporate social responsibility. Your focus must be an ethical analysis of this interplay. Be sure to clearly identify the ethical theory that you are applying in your analysis, and to support your analysis by reliable and/or scholarly sources.
Revise: Read the feedback provided by your professor to your initial post, either directly to you or to your fellow students. Use this as an opportunity to learn from your professor, especially with regard to the best ways to apply the course material and your research to your analysis. On the basis of what you have learned in this process, post an improved revision of your initial post that applies the additional knowledge that you have gained.
Remember that your grade depends on the quality of your initial and revised responses, not just on the submission of an attempt at improvement. It is thus to your advantage to post the best initial post you can and then to also improve that best effort as much as you can through revision.
Requirements for Your Initial Post:
Your initial post should be at least 350 words in length and have citations and references in APA notation. It should address the prompt in its entirety. This means that you should not split your response to the prompt in multiple posts. Your examination should be both thorough and succinct. This is a combination that demands time and thought, so give yourself sufficient time to draft and revise.
Please be advised that until you post, you will not see what your fellow students are posting. Once you submit your post, you will be able to view the posts from your other classmates. You can then proceed to reply to at least two different threads based on the required material for this discussion.
Your list of references for your initial post should include not only the video and the other required material for this discussion, as well as the Instructor Guidance and any other announcements presented to you by your professor. Use all of the material presented to you in the course and by your professor, in addition to any other sources that you consulted to inform yourself about this case (but not Wikipedia or similar sources).