What are some of the advantages of being very competitive?

 
The Competitive Character of the Ancient Greeks
· Why do you think the competitive nature of the Greeks was so important for their success as a people and culture?
· What are some of the advantages of being very competitive?
· Greece was very small compared to all her neighbors (like Persia and Egypt) so why was being competitive a big advantage for Greece?
The Ancient Olympics vs The Modern Olympics
· Talk about the fact that Greek male athletes competed nude versus today -imagine how that would play out with modern television…
· Discuss the sheer scope of the modern games with so many nations versus the smaller number of Greek cities
· Are the Olympics today more about ‘the athletes’ or the ‘nations’?
Women in the Olympic Games
Explain what the Olympic rules regarding females.
What does artifact the “running girl” artifact, reveal about female Greek athletics?   
 (Please do Internet research on “Greek Running Girl Artifact”
What are women’s role in  Greek society?   Did they have a voice in society?

Explain the impact that cultural beliefs have on multicultural counseling.

Short Paper: Cultural Sensitivity and Intervention    
Based on Teaching Diversity: A Place to Begin, discuss the cultural sensitivity and intervention strategies used. Then, select a specific culture, and evaluate the multicultural approach when utilizing treatments and strategies with children and adolescents of this specific population. Finally, explain the impact that cultural beliefs have on multicultural counseling, providing specific examples from your selected culture of how cultural beliefs influence treatment interventions.   
Papers, at a minimum, should do the following: 
•Answer the question or address the issue(s described in the instructions. •Include your perspective, when applicable, and share your opinion or explain your rationale for your position. 
•Be sure to support your responses with scholarly research, and include references and citations for material presented that is not your own original work. You can use first person to indicate your opinion (I, my, etc.) in lieu of listing yourself as a source.  
Format: Short paper should follow these formatting guidelines: 2–4 pages, double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and citations in APA format  
Resources for short paper: 
Link to article Teaching Diversity: A Place to Begin https://www.scholastic.com/teachers/articles/teaching-content/teaching-diversity-place-begin-0/ 
Link to video Cultural Diversity Tips (CC) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f_Au-khUej4

Explain how both nature and nurture (including social and cultural factors) may have played a role in the development of an individuals intelligence.

To prepare for this discussion, please read Chapter 6 of your textbook.  In addition, read “Chapter 1:  In a nutshell” (pp. 3-24) and “Chapter 10:  Assessment in context:  The alternative to standardized testing” (pp. 167-192) in Multiple intelligences: New horizons as well as “Cultural explorations of human intelligence around the world (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.”. Finally, review Instructor Guidance and Announcements.  In this discussion, you will consider theories of intelligence.  Be sure to use your own academic voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and apply in-text citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. appropriately throughout your post.

Read “Cultural explorations of human intelligence around the world (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.” (Sternberg (2002). 
Select a famous person (or fictional character) who you believe epitomizes successful intelligence as outlined in the textbook and assigned readings.  

Choose and describe specific characteristics or behaviors of this person that support your selection with regard to analytical, creative, and practical abilities.

Explain how both nature and nurture (including social and cultural factors) may have played a role in the development of this individual’s intelligence. 
Read “Chapter 1:  In a nutshell” (pp. 3-24) and “Chapter 10:  Assessment in context:  The alternative to standardized testing” (pp. 167-192).
Relate whether the theory of multiple intelligences might better characterize your selected individual.
Predict whether this person would do well on a standard intelligence test, based on what you have read.  Give examples of alternate means of measuring intelligence.
Remember to use your own academic voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and apply in-text citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. appropriately throughout your post.

Post your initial response of 250 words or more

Describe operant conditioning.

To prepare for this discussion, please read Chapter 5 of your textbook. In addition, watch Classical and Operant Conditioning. Finally, review Instructor Guidance and Announcements.  In this discussion, you will consider learning from a psychological perspective by explaining operant conditioning and applying it to a real-life scenario.  Be sure to use your own academic voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and apply in-text citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. appropriately throughout your post.

Discuss learning.  In your discussion, include the following: 

Describe operant conditioning.
Select one of the following situations from everyday life in which learning (i.e. a relatively permanent change in behavior) is desirable.  

Margot wants her husband, Todd, to stop leaving his dirty laundry on the floor.
Coach K wants to increase his basketball players’ free throw percentages.
Mr. Moore wants his dog to stop jumping up on visitors.
Biggs Boss wants his employees to arrive on time.
Mrs. O’Neill wants her preschoolers to raise their hands before speaking.
Joe wants his son to earn good grades.
Jack wants his girlfriend, Jill, to show more affection.
Marty wants his friend, Dave, to stop smoking.
Insert your own situation:  ____________________________________

Prepare a behavior modification plan in which you effectively utilize operant conditioning principles to change the behavior of the targeted individual(s).  

Clearly identify and describe suitable reinforcers or punishers to attain your desired outcome.   
Example:  If I want my son to eat his vegetables (i.e., increase a desired behavior), I could do several things.  

If he eats his vegetables, I could apply a positive reinforcer by adding something he does like, such as screen time; alternatively, I could apply a negative reinforcer by taking away something he does not like, such as one of his weekly chores. 
If he does not eat his vegetables, I could apply a positive punisher by adding something he does not like, such as a new weekly chore; alternatively, I could apply a negative punisher by taking away something he does like, such as screen time.

Defend your use of reinforcement and/or punishment as applied to the scenario.  Why did you choose it?  Why do you expect it to work?
Apply your knowledge of ethical considerations as relevant to operant conditioning.
Remember to use your own academic voice (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and apply in-text citations (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. appropriately throughout your post.

Post your initial response of 250 words or more

How does the employees motivation affect organization Productivity?

 
Article Critique: Repeated Measures ANOVA
The readings for this week focus on the concepts of basic ANOVAs, including one-way and repeated measures ANOVA. In this discussion we will apply those concepts to the review and critique of a research article. For information on how to critique a research article, see the Coughlan et al. (2007) and UIS (n.d.) guides listed in the Required Readings for this week.
Read the following article.

Lee, M., & Johnson, T. E. (2008). Understanding the effects of team cognition associated with complex engineering tasks: Dynamics of shared mental models, Task-SMM, and Team-SMM. Performance Improvement Quarterly, 21 (3), 73-95. doi: 10.1002/piq.20032

In the body of your posting, include an overview of the following topics:

Research question – List the research question for the study.
Hypotheses – List the statistical notation and written explanations for the null and alternative hypotheses for the study.
Methods and Study Design – Describe the basic methods used, including the variables, sampling methods, data collection, etc.
Data Analysis – Summarize the statistical tests conducted, the results obtained from each test, and conclusions regarding the hypotheses.
Critique – Critique the results of the study, paying specific attention to the appropriateness of the analyses conducted, any biases or assumptions that were made, practical significance of the results, and recommendations for improving upon the study (methods or analyses). • Summary – Provide a brief summary of the study’s findings in 2-3 sentences. Do not use any numbers or statistical terms, but provide a review that would make sense to someone who has not studied research methods or statistics.

Be sure to put information in your own words and cite accordingly. Respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings.
Point Value: 4 Points
Weekly Learning Outcome Alignment: 1, 2, 3—————————————————————————————————————————————–  
CHOOSE –FROM–MY–Research Questions:
1. How does the employees’ motivation affect the organization Productivity?
In this research, there are two main variables that are an independent variable which in this case are the motivational factors for employees which include favorable working environment, compensation strategy, business culture, and the management strategy. The dependent variable in this study is the organization productivity. The best effective scale for measuring these variables is an ordinal scale basically because some variables have more impacts than the others.
2. What are the factors that affect the patient’s reaction to treatment?
The variables in these case include the type of medication, the lifestyle of the patient and the degree of the effect of the health condition has affected the patient. These variables have a different effect on the patient’s reaction to treatment, the variables are categorical in nature. In this case, the most effective measurement scale is the ordinal scale as well (Celli, Decramer, Wedzicha, Wilson, Agustí, Criner & Vogelmeier, 2015).
3. Does the increase in gun ownership affect the crime level in the society?
This question has several variables that increase in criminal-related deaths, criminal activities, assault cases. A rational scale level of measurement can be used in this research because of the nature of these variables. The variables depict some categorical characteristics they have different degrees of impact on the dependent variable in the question.
4. How does the school environment affect the student performance?
The security level in the school, the type of rules and the consequences of going against the rules and the level of strictness of the teacher in the school are the main variables in the research question. The rules and regulations are can be grouped into some category as well as the level of strictness of the teachers another subordinate staff, in this case, the best scale of measurement to be used is the ordinal scale. The variables also have some categorical characteristics they are not numerical.
5. What is the probability that randomly selected teenager watches movie over three times in a week?
The possibility or the variables, in this case, is that the student watches three times, less, or even more in a week. In this case, the main scales of measurement will be internal level, this is basically because they can be quantified but the decimal or rather the zero point is not relevant to the study or rather is meaningless (Pratt, 2015).
6. Is there any relationship between the traffic congestion and the price of fuel? 
The research questions in this have only one variable of interest which is the fuel prices which may or may not affect the traffic congestion. This is a question that is meant towards finding the if there is a relationship between the variables in the study. The level of measurement, in this case, is, therefore, an ordinal scale. The data, in this case, may have some continuous characteristics.
7. Is there any relationship between gender and student performance in statistics and science subjects?
The variables, in this case, will be the average performance of the students in the subjects of focus, they will be categorized according to their gender. These variables can actually be measured using the ratio level of measurements by some mathematical operations. In this case, an average will be calculated of both genders performance on the subjects being studied. The data in this study will depict some continuous characteristics. 
8. How does the training frequency affect muscle growth for bodybuilders?
The variables, in this case, are time, the intensity of training and the diet. These are the three basic factors that affect muscle growth. These variables can be measured using some interval level of scale because they affect muscle growth differently in bodybuilders. This scale will be giving some difference in categories in the manner they affect the dependent variable here which is muscle growth. The data, in this case, will be analyzed mathematically and so will give some discrete results (Sahin, Serdar, Serteser, Unsal & Ozpinar, 2018).
9. What is the relationship between mortality rates and poverty level?
This research question is intended to establish the existence of any relationship between the mortality rates within a population and the poverty level of that population. The variables in these case will be poverty and death rate which will be measured using the ordinal level scale because it will be giving the degree to which these variables affect each other. The variables, in this case, will be having some continuous characteristics because they rise and fall at some level.
10. How does technological development impact learning in schools?
This research question has two directions, that is, the dependent variable may affect the independent in two ways either positively or negatively. The variables, in this case, will include the teaching techniques used by the teachers, the accessibility of the learning materials and so on this will have some positive impact on the learning processes. These variables will be measured using the ordinal level scale because they will be categorized and rated on the impact they have on the subject of study.
References
Pratt, M. G. (2015). Crafting and Selecting Research Questions and Contexts in Qualitative Research. Handbook of Qualitative Organizational Research: Innovative Pathways and Methods, 177.
Celli, B. R., Decramer, M., Wedzicha, J. A., Wilson, K. C., Agustí, A., Criner, G. J., … & Vogelmeier, C. (2015). An official American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society statement: research questions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine, 191(7), e4-e27.
Sahin, O. N., Serdar, M., Serteser, M., Unsal, I., & Ozpinar, A. (2018). Vitamin D levels and parathyroid hormone variations of children living in a subtropical climate: a data mining study. Italian Journal of Pediatrics, 44(1), 40.
 
 

Why is having a relapse prevention plan an important part of treatment and recovery?

  
Discussion 8 – PART A:
Why is having a relapse prevention plan an important part of treatment and recovery? Discuss the difference between “relapse” and a “lapse”. How might a relapse and/or lapse in recovery be utilized as a future relapse prevention tool and/or a growth opportunity?  
PART B: 
Students: Please explore the NIDA website and discuss on the discussion board any interesting facts you discover about substances, treatment, research statistics, grants, etc. The goal is for you to become familiar with this website, a very useful tool.
http://www.nida.nih.gov/ (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Discuss your understanding of how intimacy is affected by growing up in a substance abusing home.

 There are 3 specific questions this week. Please number your responses in your discussion:(1) Is addiction an individual or family problem? Please discuss your rationale for your response. (2) Discuss your understanding of how intimacy is affected by growing up in a substance abusing home (if you have it, reference the recommended Woititz book). (3) Please list 5 common traits of Adult Children of Alcoholics (ACOA) and how they might impact treatment.      

Is it necessary for counselors who work with families to assess each and every family for domestic violence?

QUESTION # 1 – Is it necessary for counselors who work with families to assess each and every family for domestic violence? Why or why not?

YOU CAN USE THIS TEXT BOOK FOR ONE OF YOUR REFERENCES IF YOU’D LIKE: (CHAPTER 8)
Jackson-Cherry, L., & Erford, B. (2018). Crisis Assessment, Intervention, and Prevention (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Pearson

Is psychological momentum fact or fiction? How do you feel about the projected performance model of psychological momentum?

  
Assignment 2: Critical Thinking Essay
The purpose of this assignment is to demonstrate your theoretical understanding of psychological momentum and to also have you research and think about this topic in more detail. Read Critical Thinking Question Number 3 on pg. 141 of your textbook and answer the question in a 1-2 page essay that meets these additional requirements:
Question: Is psychological momentum fact or fiction? How do you feel about the projected performance model of psychological momentum?
· Clearly and concisely explain the projected performance model of psychological momentum.
· Clearly and concisely explain your feeling about this model.
· Support your answer with relevant and scholarly appropriate sources.
Write the analysis in 1–2 pages and present it in Microsoft Word document format.