Popular usage of the word “theory” may sometimes imply a singular, often grand idea. The world, however, is complex, and the systems designed to understand it, such as theory, are often intricate in order to sufficiently explain the world as it is. Indeed, as you will learn this week, theory is nuanced, and it can also be viewed as a combination of variables, ideas, or constructs to test or advance a research question. In addition, theory tends to play a different role in qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods research.
For this Discussion, you will consider the role of theory in research and the relationship between theory and philosophical orientations. You will also familiarize yourself with a theory in your field so that you may become more conversant in your discipline’s theoretical foundations.
Post an explanation of the role of theory in research. Next, identify a theory in your discipline and explain its basic tenets. Then, with this theory in mind, consider your answer to the following question posed by Dr. Burkholder in last week’s reading: “What do I have to believe about the world and about human beings in order for me to accept or use this theory?” Finally, describe the extent to which the epistemological and ontological assumptions of your chosen theory align with the philosophical orientation that reflects your worldview.
Be sure to support your Main Issue Post and Response Post with reference to the week’s Learning Resources and other scholarly evidence in APA Style.
de Vaus, D. A. (2001). Research design in social research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Research Design in Social Research by De Vaus, D.A. Copyright 2001 Sage Publications Ltd. Reprinted by permission of Sage Publications Ltd., via the Copyright Clearance Center.
· Chapter 1, “The Context of Design”
Babbie, E. (2017). Basics of social research (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning.
· Chapter 2, “Paradigms, Theory, and Research”
According to the article, obesity has reached epidemic proportions among children. What responsibilities should parents have if they know their children are obese? What measures should parents take to protect their children from becoming obese? Does the government have an obligation to protect children from foods, chemicals, and ingredients that are known to be correlated with obesity? Support your position coherently and reasonably.
In a Word document, provide short answers to the questions below. Each answer should be 250-300 words in length.
What role does technology play in emotional and mental status testing?
What are the strengths and challenges in interpreting and reporting results via the use of a computer-aided assessment tool?
Technological advances that assist with interpreting and reporting results should only be used as a “tool” by the counselor. Why this is the case? Provide at least two examples.
What are some concerns regarding the use of social media, especially in relation to maintaining professional status within the counseling field?
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
How might children/ adults be taught to manage their frustration in ways other than lashing out violently (and often fatally) at their peers?
Recently there has been an epidemic of massive killings in the U.S. After reading this chapter, what ways might frustration (stress) have led to many of these acts of violence? How might children/ adults be taught to manage their frustration in ways other than lashing out violently (and often fatally) at their peers? Please use your assigned text as your primary source.
Create a 200-word personal statement in which you describe attributes that make your assumed persona, practice, and/or agency unique.
3 FULL PAGES NO PLAGIARISM
Prior to beginning work on this interactive assignment, please read the Neimeyer, et al. (2011) “How Special Are the Specialties? Workplace Settings in Counseling and Clinical Psychology in the United States” and Heatherington, et al. (2012) “The Narrowing of Theoretical Orientations in Clinical Psychology Doctoral Training” articles. Be sure to also review the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologist and Code of Conduct (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. article and the Recognized Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. web page, as well as any relevant Instructor Guidance.
(INSTRUCTIONS).. PLEASE FOLLOW INSTRUCTIONS…
For this interactive assignment, you will assume the role of a clinical or counseling psychologist who has recently opened a private practice or begun working for a mental health agency. You are eager to begin working with your ideal client(s), but you first need to market your services. One way to attract clients is to create a professional website that provides an overview of your specialties.
For this interactive assignment, you may use any website building platform you choose; however, you may wish to use Wix.com (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site., a free website development platform, to create your website. You may refer to the Wix Quick-Start Guide and read the PSY650 Dealing with Wix.com Instructions for assistance with creating your website should you decide to use Wix as your platform. (YOU DO NOT HAVE TO DO A WEBSITE, JUST WRITE OUT THE 3 PAGES)
Create a fictitious persona based on the role you are assuming and create a website with the following required elements.
Name, Photo, and Credentials: Be sure to include your persona’s degree, type of license, and any professional membership organizations appropriate to your assumed role. You may also list any appropriate division memberships and certifications applicable to your specialty.
Personal Statement: Create a 200-word personal statement in which you describe attributes that make your assumed persona, practice, and/or agency unique. Explain to potential clients what problems and/or issues you address and how you could help them in your assumed role. You may also describe why you have chosen this profession and why people choose to work with you.
Specialties: Identify at least three areas in which your persona specializes (e.g., trauma, relationships issues, anxiety, depression, self-esteem). Access the APA’s Recognized Specialties and Proficiencies in Professional Psychology (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. page for more information on this topic.
Treatment Preferences: Compare the possible theoretical orientations appropriate to your assumed role, and identify your treatment orientation. Identify which modalities (e.g., individual, couples, family, and/or group) your persona would use with clients. For further assistance with creating this portion of the website, review the Heatherington, et al. (2012) article titled “The Narrowing of Theoretical Orientations in Clinical Psychology Doctoral Training.”
Client Focus: Describe the population that your assumed persona would primarily serve. Include information regarding age, gender, religious orientations, ethnicities, and/or special populations. List all languages you speak fluently and provide any additional information on cultural specialization your persona may have.
Confidentiality and Limitations: Explain to the client what information will remain confidential in your sessions as well as the limitations of confidentiality. Keep in mind the age of your target population.
Explain how the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct can be used to guide decisions in the ethical application of these technologies
Your initial discussion thread is due on Day 3 (Thursday) and you have until Day 7 (Monday) to respond to your classmates. Your grade will reflect both the quality of your initial post and the depth of your responses. Refer to the Discussion Forum Grading Rubric under the Settings icon above for guidance on how your discussion will be evaluated.
Technology and Psychology Professionals
Prior to beginning work on this discussion forum, be certain to have read all the required resources for this week. In recent years, the psychology profession has been greatly influenced by various forms of technology. The prevalence of psychology professionals using technology to market themselves and engage, socialize, and interact with others has created new opportunities and challenges. This is particularly true with regard to potential interactions with clients via these technologies. Given the exponential growth with which these technological advancements are permeating our world, we expect to see the proliferation of new issues, challenges, and opportunities within the realms of psychological research and practice.
In your initial post:
Provide an overview of the relevant issues, ongoing trends, challenges, and future opportunities for psychology professionals and the populations they serve.
Explain how the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct can be used to guide decisions in the ethical application of these technologies.
Construct clear and concise arguments using evidence-based psychological concepts and theories to explain how current technological and policy shifts may influence trends in psychological research and practice.
Evaluate potential work settings where the use of technologies promotes ease and convenience for both psychology professionals and the populations they serve.
What are the potential responsibilities of the psychology professionals as providers of care with regard to the use of these technologies? Does the increase in ease, convenience, and experience satisfaction for the parties involved outweigh any potential negative outcomes?
Guided Response: Review several of your colleagues’ posts and respond to at least two of your peers by 11:59 p.m. on Day 7 of the week. You are encouraged to post your required replies earlier in the week to promote more meaningful interactive discourse in this discussion.
What potential ethical considerations are missing from your colleague’s post? What issues did you consider that your colleague did not? How are these issues important to the quality of services provided by a psychological professional? Were your colleague’s arguments effective? Did your colleague cite appropriate research to support the statements he or she provided? What suggestions might you make to your colleague to strengthen his or her claims?
Unit I Reflection Paper Write a minimum of a 750-word reflection paper on the following topic: Compare and contrast the worst and best jobs that you have held in your career. If you do not have work experience, share volunteer or personal team experiences. 1. Using the concepts of organizational climate and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB), what was the difference between the two jobs, and why did you like one job over the other? 2. How would an I-O psychologist view your best and worst jobs? Be sure to focus on I-O psychology specifically rather than focusing on psychology in general. 3. How do you believe these factors impacted your job performance? For example, were you more motivated by your favorite job than you were for your least favorite? Use APA formatting for your paper and include an introduction, main points, and discussion section. Throughout the reflection paper, be sure to demonstrate synthesis of the ideas presented and the implications of these insights for your future learning. Make sure to use headers to organize your paper. There is no minimum sources for this assignment. However, if you use someone else’s idea (this includes the textbook), make sure to cite and reference it using APA formatting.
1. a) Explain the argument for cultural moral relativism
b) The absolutist responses to the argument can take two forms based upon either the denial of premise 1) or the denial of premise 2)
i) a) Explain the response that is based on the notion that disagreement does not entail relativism; then
i) b) Explain the counter-response
ii) Explain the response that is based on the denial of the claim that cultures have disagreed
c) Aside from problems with the argument in favor of cultural moral relativism, briefly describe what we called the All-or-none Problem with the claim itself, explaining in the process, the implication of true cultural moral relativism for being tolerant of other groups.
2. Use Socrates’ line of reasoning to explain the problem with defining ‘morally wrong’ as ‘prohibited by God’.
3. a. Explain briefly Nietzsche’s ideas of ‘slave morality’ and ‘master morality’.
b. Explain and support what appears to be Nietzsche’s argument that we can, and then that we should, change morality (from ‘slave’ to ‘master’).
c. Explain how one might criticize this argument in terms of Nietzsche’s biological claim(s).
d. Explain how one might criticize this argument assuming Nietzsche is moral relativist.
e. Explain the criticism of the argument assuming Nietzsche is a moral absolutist by doing the following:
i. Explain where and how the argument seems to depend on a connection between biology and morality.
ii. Criticize such a connection between biology and morality.
In this discussion, you will examine how Bandura’s bobo doll experiment informed the development of social learning theory. You will also identify limitations in the design of the study. You might be surprised to learn that the study has limitations due to its important and sustaining contribution to the field of psychology. Keep in mind that while most researchers strive to design the best study they can, no study is perfect. This is why almost every journal article you read has a specific heading or section dedicated to study limitations. Fortunately, the limitations of one study often result in several additional studies, which often address those limitations.
Review this week’s Learning Resources on theory development, research, and Bandura’s bobo doll experiment.
Consider how research informs theory development and, in particular, Bandura’s social learning theory.
Identify the limitations of the bobo doll experiment and think about potential studies that could be conducted to address the limitations. (https://www.simplypsychology.org/bobo-doll.html )
Review several studies that interest you from the APA’s Research in Action web page. Consider how these practical applications could also inform theory. (http://www.apa.org/action/resources/research-in-action/index.aspx )
By Day 4
Post a response to the following:
Explain how research informs theory development using the bobo doll experiment as an example. Then, select one of the limitations of the study (listed on the Bobo Doll Experiment website) and briefly describe a study that could address that limitation.
Note: Support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources and any additional sources you identify using both in-text citations and references. It is strongly recommended that you include proper APA format and citations.
Please use both references that is attached to this assignment. Below is the citation:
Gelso, C. (2006). Applying theories to research: The interplay of theory and research in science. In F. Leong & J. Austin, The psychology research handbook: A guide for graduate students and research assistants (pp. 455-464). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications. doi:10.4135/9781412976626.n32
Toomey, T., Richardson, D., & Hammock, G. (2017). Introductory psychology: How student experiences relate to their understanding of psychological science. Teaching of Psychology, 44(3), 246–249.
Should an individual with schizophrenia who has a history of violent behavior be forced to take medication? Why or why not?
4:1 Assignment 1: Schizophrenia
Individuals suffering from schizophrenia may engage in violent behavior, which might cause them to become involved in the legal system. What are the overall symptoms of schizophrenia, and which of these symptoms might contribute most to violent behavior? Also, should an individual with schizophrenia who has a history of violent behavior be forced to take medication? Why or why not?
Post your responses in a minimum of 300 words.