Evaluate the issue of elder abuse being sure to define the types of abuse, the ages most susceptible to abuse.

 
Prior to completing this discussion, read the required Roberto (2016) article, as well as Chapter 25 from the Lerner, Easterbrooks, Mistry, & Weiner (2013) Developmental psychology e-book.
Evaluate the issue of elder abuse being sure to define the types of abuse, the ages most susceptible to abuse, and other relevant information pertinent to this complex issue.Support your thoughts with the required reading, and one other source of scholarly perspective and research from the field. Additionally, propose two solutions for aging adults that would help them achieve successful aging and prevent elder abuse, as well as identifying two resources that would help active caregivers avoid elder abuse.  
Guided Response: Review several of your colleagues’ posts and respond to at least two of your peers by the week. You are encouraged to post your required replies earlier in the week to promote more meaningful and interactive discourse in this discussion.

Relationship between age and depression.

>>>TOPIC: MEDIA’S INFLUENCE ON BODY IMAGE<<< PART 1: Assignment 3: Final Project Annotated Bibliography Craft a research question on the topic you selected in your first discussion question post. Then locate at least five articles from peer-reviewed journals that pertain to your question that will be used to write the introduction section of your research proposal. Submit these five citations in the form of an APA-style reference page. Under each citation, write one paragraph summarizing the main points of the article. As you read your articles, keep the following questions at hand; these will help you generate the information about each article. · What were the topic/research questions being investigated? · How was the study conducted (participants, materials, procedure, etc.)? · What did the results reveal? · How might these methodological considerations affect the research findings and the conclusions drawn from them? · How does this article fit in with your paper? How did it influence your own ideas about your paper? Based on your reading of the literature, what do you expect to find? Include a hypothesis and a title page for your submission. Submit your paper to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned. All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.    Assignment 3 Grading Criteria Maximum   Points   Created a research question based   on a research topic approved by the instructor and submitted a testable   hypothesis. 15   Submitted citations in the form of   an APA-style reference page for five articles and included a paragraph   summarizing each article and discussing its relevance. 40   Ensured that all the articles are   from peer-reviewed journals. 20   Submitted a title page for the   submission. 5   Wrote in a clear, concise, and   organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation   and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and   punctuation. 20   Total: 100 PART 2: Instructions Based on the feedback you received on your submission from last week, submit a revised draft of your paper with this additional information: 1. Five additional references that could be used for your research paper and include a 1-2 sentence description for each of the five additional references, explaining how they fit with the research topic and the research question proposed. Make sure that these references come from scholarly sources using Argosy's library resources. 2. A  very detailed outline of what you would like to cover in the intro/lit review of your paper. Write it as an outline and think about what you want each paragraph or section to cover. Paste your references into each section where the information from that article applies to the topic. Below is an example of the outline although the references have not been pasted in yet: a. Introduction or Statement of the Problem (e.g. Predictors of Depression in Men) i. Research question (E.g. What factors predict depression in men? For example, age, marital status, family history, stressors). ii. Why is it important/implications  (E.g. xx% of men are depressed; less likely to seek treatment; if we can identify who is at risk, may be able to direct them to treatment sooner) iii. Revised hypothesis based on feedback from the instructor b. Review of the Literature (the following is an example for above topic): i. Brief description of depression, symptoms, and any unique symptoms for men (Cite articles from which you will obtain this information). ii. How widespread is it? Stats on depression in general but also stats on depression in men (Cite articles from which you will obtain this information). iii. List factors that put men at risk for depression (Cite articles). 1. Difficulty communicating distress or sadness (Cite articles). 2. Job/work pressures (Cite articles). iv. Demographic characteristics (Cite articles). 1. Relationship between age and depression (Cite articles). 2. Relationship between marital status and depression (Cite articles). 3. A 1-2 page description of the sample you would like to use for your study, that provides the answer to the following questions: a. What sampling technique would you use? b. Does the sample generalize to the population? Explain why or why not. c. What inclusion criteria would be used? What exclusion criteria would be used, if any? d. What ethical issues might be encountered when collecting your information from this sample? 4. Be sure to also submit all your ten references (the five from last week and the five new ones you added) in an APA-style reference page. Be sure to also include an APA-style title page with your submission. Your paper should be at least 2-3 pages long. Make sure you write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Submit your assignment to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned. All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.    Assignment 2 Grading Criteria Maximum   Points   Provided five additional valid   references and explained the reasoning behind their selection. 20   Discussed the sampling technique   for the proposed study and included the aspects of generalization, inclusion,   and ethical issues as requested in the assignment. 25   Provided a detailed outline of the   intro/literature review section of the paper, along with revised hypothesis. 25   Included an APA-style title page   and reference page (with at least 10 references). 10   Wrote in a clear, concise, and   organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation   and attribution of sources; displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and   punctuation. 20   Total: 100 PART 3: Assignment 2: LASA 1: Final Project: Early Methods Section By the due date assigned, address the following:   In your final paper for this course, you will need to write a Methods section that is about 4 pages long where you will assess and evaluate the methods of research.   In preparation for this particular section, answer the following questions thoroughly and provide justification/support. The more complete and detailed your answers for these questions, the better prepared you are to successfully write your final paper. Please submit your answers as a single 4- to 6-page document as a numbered list; this will ensure you do not inadvertently miss a question. Additionally, please submit a title page and a reference page in proper APA format. 1. What is your research question? 2. What is your hypothesis or hypotheses? What is the null hypothesis? 3. How many participants would you like to use and why? What are the inclusion characteristics, i.e., what must they have in order to be included in your study (for example, gender, diagnosis, age, personality traits, etc.)? Are there any exclusion characteristics, i.e. are there certain characteristics that would exclude them from being in your study? Does the sample need to be diverse? Why or why not? 4. What sampling technique will be used to collect your sample? What population does your sample generalize to? 5. What are the variables in your study? HINT: Refer back to your hypothesis or hypotheses. 6. Provide operational definitions for each variable. 7. How will you measure each variable? Discuss the reliability and validity of these measures in general terms. 8. What technique will be used for data collection (e.g., observation, survey, interview, archival, etc.)? 9. What type of research design is being used? 10. Briefly discuss the procedure that would be followed when conducting the research. 11. What are some POTENTIAL ethical issues? How might they be addressed?    Assignment   2 Grading Criteria Maximum Points   Explanation   and justification of research question. 12   Presentation   of hypothesis and null hypothesis. 16   Analysis   of participants exclusion/inclusion factors. 16   Explanation   of sampling technique and characterization of population that sample   generalized. 12   Identification   of study's variables. 12   Operational   definitions for each variable are defined. 16   Development   of methods to measure each variable, and the reliability and validity of   these measures are evaluated. 16   Description   of technique(s) used for data collection. 12   Description   of the research design being used. 12   Identification   of the research procedure. 12   Prediction   of POTENTIAL ethical issues; POTENTIAL ethical issues are evaluated in terms   of how they would be addressed. 20   Organization: · Introduction · Thesis · Transitions · Conclusion 12   Usage   and Mechanics: · Grammar · Spelling · Sentence Structure 12   APA   Elements: · Attribution · Paraphrasing · Quotations 16   Style: · Audience · Word Choice 4   Total: 200 PART 4: Assignment 2: Final Project: Introduction, Literature Review, and Methods Section In this assignment you will update the methods section for your research paper and add your introduction and literature review. The introduction and literature review should address your research question: why it is important, and how prior research does or does not support your hypothesis, as well as providing a background on what we know about this topic. Please refer to the material on the components of a research paper provided in Module 1 as you work on this document. Your methods section, in addition to covering the subheadings of participants, instruments, and procedure, must include a fourth subheading called ethical issues and note any ethical issues that need to be considered, as well as how they would be handled. Be sure to include a title/cover page and a reference page formatted in APA style. Submit your response to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned. Your response should be at least four pages, double spaced, long. All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources. Confirm the latest edition number with your instructor.    Assignment 2 Grading Criteria Maximum   Points   With clarity and good writing   style and grammar, you presented your proposed methods section for your   research paper. · participants   (15 points) · instruments   (15 points) · procedure   (15 points) · ethical   issues and how they would be handled (20 points) 65   You submitted an introduction and   literature review that included a research question, a statement regarding   the importance of the research topic, background information and a review of   the literature regarding the topic, and a proposed hypotheses. 20   You wrote in a clear, concise, and   organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in accurate representation   and attribution of sources; and displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and   punctuation. 15   Total: 100 PART 5 Assignment 1: LASA 2: Final Project: Final Research Paper Submit your final research paper to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned. It should include a cover page, abstract, intro/lit review, method section, results (simply report what statistics you propose to use), discussion section, and reference page.   Your final paper should be double-spaced, 8 to 10 pages in length, and properly edited. Please use the following information to help you with each section: 1. Cover page: Pay attention to APA style and refer to the example in your textbook. 2. Abstract: Is written on its own page and is a very brief summary of your study. Think in terms of one sentence stating your research question, one or two sentences regarding background and what we already know about it, one or two sentences regarding your methodology (e.g., how many participants were used and how were your variables assessed), and one or two sentences about your findings. 3. Intro/lit review: incorporate the feedback and make revisions to the introduction and literature review submitted in Week 4. 4. Method section: incorporate the feedback and make revisions to the Method section submitted in Week 4. 5. Results section: in one paragraph, state what statistical test would have been used and why it was chosen. 6. Discussion section: broken down into the following paragraphs:   o paragraph 1: statement of your results/findings (or what you imagine might be your results). o paragraph 2: what might have affected those results (i.e., threats to internal and external validity). Include flaws in your design and confounding variables. o paragraph 3: implications for your findings including the significance and impact on the field as well as future research directions. 7. Reference page: Pay attention to APA style and refer to the example in your textbook.    Assignment 1 Grading Criteria Maximum   Points   Abstract: Clear and concise review of most important components of   the research study. Met the required word count. 44   Literature review: Convincing evidence is given that a thorough review of   literature was completed and  a variety of sources (at least 4) are   appropriate and directly used to support hypothesis 44   Methods: Clear understanding of participants for research   study 20   Measures or Instruments: Measures/instruments used in research study are   identified and accurate. 20   Procedure: Procedures for research study are identified and accurate. 20   Ethical Issues: Presentation of possible ethical issues and   solutions is clear and convincing and present APA ethical guidelines. 36   Results and Discussion   section: Anticipated results, flaws,   Implications for results, Future directions 52   Writing Components (20% of LASA 2   grade) Organization   (16 points): Introduction, Thesis, Transitions, and Conclusion. Usage   and Mechanics (16 points): Grammar, Spelling, and Sentence structure. APA   Elements (24 points): Attribution, Paraphrasing, and Quotations. Style   (8 points): Audience, and Word Choice. 64   Total: 300

The Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process case flow diagram on the U.S. Department of Justice .

Review the Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process case flow diagram on the U.S. Department of Justice website, located at  http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/case.html. Which aspect of this system of this system do you find to be the most significant in working with juveniles?  Remember to keep in mind early intervention, and the purpose of the system. Research the juvenile system in your home state–what do methods do they use to rehabilitate or intervene with the youth.  Can you support its effectiveness? Compare this to the 3 types of prevention interventions mentioned in the text. 

Discuss strategies that you use to help yourself relax and eliminate your stress.

 Chapters 5 and 6 discuss Stress and Wellness. This is a topic and problem that is on the rise today, causing more illnesses than ever. Discuss the an event that triggers your stress, and the consequences/symptoms that you experience when this happens. Also, discuss one practice or strategy that you use to help yourself relax and eliminate your stress. If you do not practice anything at this time, read Ch. 6 and select a practice that you would like to try 

Discuss some potential challenges you might face when counseling African Americans?

Minimum 350 words APA format referenced bible worldview verse cited

After reading and reviewing the material in the Reading & Study folder, reflect upon what you have learned and include pertinent aspects of the material in your response to the following:

What are some elements about counseling African Americans that you have learned from the reading and video presentation that you will incorporate when counseling African Americans? Also, consider your ethnic/cultural background and discuss some potential challenges you might face when counseling African Americans? Be sure to support your argument with sources.

References for assignment
Hays, D. G., & Erford, B. T. (2018). Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence: A system Approach (3rd ed.). Upper Sandle River, NJ: Pearson.


https://learn.liberty.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-28372203-dt-content-rid-343423979_1/xid-343423979_1
https://learn.liberty.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-28372204-dt-content-rid-343426319_1/xid-343426319_1
https://learn.liberty.edu/bbcswebdav/pid-28372205-dt-content-rid-343415299_1/xid-343415299_1

Discuss spiritual development and how it could be connected to the other areas of development (physical, emotional, and social).

 At least 500 words in response to a provided prompt; the thread must include at least 2 scholarly references and at least 2 biblical principles in current APA format.
Reference:”Liberty University Custom: Wong, D., Hall, K. R., Justice, C. A., and Hernandez, L. W.  (2015). Human growth and development (Custom Package). Thousand Oaks, CA:  Sage Publication. ISBN: 9781506355153. *Custom bundle contains Wong et al. (2015), Counseling individuals through the lifespan, ISBN: 9781452217949 and supplemental journal articles.

Topic: Empirically-Based Theories

Question/Prompt: Detail one human growth and development theory and discuss its empirical support. Then read Defining spiritual development: A missing consideration for student affairs (Love & Talbot, 2009), and discuss research on spiritual development and how it could be connected to the other areas of development (physical, emotional, and social).

Do significant concerns related to the psychosocial development and functioning and potential of adverse reactions, such as the development of PTSD, exist with these types of indirect exposures to terrorist events?

350 words or more

On September 11th, 2001, the United States was the target of terrorists, suffering mass casualties, including thousands of lives lost as an immediate result of the terrorist attacks and many more to follow for years to come. Casualties not often thought of immediately are the psychological casualties of such an event, particularly those who may not have been involved in the tragic events first hand. However, Hoffman and Kruczek (2011) share a perspective worth considering in the discussion of the effects of terrorism, highlighting random survey results that indicated media exposure to the terrorist attacks revealing endorsements of PTSD by about half of surveyed adults, with one third restricting television access due to the traumatic nature of the event.  

Considering the materials for the week, share your thoughts on the effect of media exposure to images from terrorist events. Should these be viewed as the new normal? 
Do significant concerns related to the psychosocial development and functioning and potential of adverse reactions, such as the development of PTSD, exist with these types of indirect exposures to terrorist events? 

References
Hoffman, M. A. & Kruzcek, T. (2011). A bioecological model of mass trauma: Individual, community, and societal effects. The Counseling Psychologist, 39(8), 1087-1127.

Explain risks, benefits, and ethical implications for high-risk and exceptional treatment conditions.

 
Wee 
Week 6 – Critical Review
Critical Review
The final assignment for this class will be a 10-page critical review of the drug treatment for a psychiatric disorder (broadly defined to include psychological and neurological disorders as well). The review will use peer-reviewed sources to evaluate the current drug treatment modalities for the selected disorder and determine the adequacy of those treatments. The paper will be evaluated on the inclusion of the following information:
Introduction 
Evaluate the disorder in terms of symptomatic and behavioral presentation. Include the time, course, and progression of the disorder. Evaluate and explain special features of the disease epidemiology.
Theory
Evaluate the predominant theory or theories regarding the biological basis of the disorder. Explain the disorder in terms of pertinent neurotransmitter and receptor theories and describe the pertinent evidence of their involvement.  Analyze the neurotransmitter systems in terms of the involved receptors and the use receptor agonists and antagonists in the treatment of the disorder receptor. Include information on the anatomic changes to the central nervous system as appropriate to the topic.
Treatment 
Evaluate drug therapies for treating the disorder based on the current understanding of the biological basis of the disorder and the corresponding behavioral effects of the disorder. Explain pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in relation to the disorder and corresponding drug treatment. Describe any side effects and adverse effects of the drug treatment and their biological basis, including issues related to contraindications, interactions, drug metabolism, and elimination. In addition, explain risks, benefits, and ethical implications for high-risk and exceptional treatment conditions.
Conclusion 
Summarize theories of psychiatric disease as they relate to principles of drug action within the chosen topic. Evaluate advantages and disadvantages of the current theory of the disorder and its treatment and evaluate any controversies regarding ethical and/or risk-benefits perspectives associated with the current treatment. Describe possible areas for future research.
Attention Students: The Masters of Arts in Psychology program is utilizing the Pathbrite portfolio tool as a repository for student scholarly work in the form of signature assignments completed within the program. After receiving feedback for this Critical Review, please implement any changes recommended by the instructor, go to Pathbrite (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and upload the revised Critical Review to the portfolio. (Use the Pathbrite Quick-Start Guide (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. to create an account if you do not already have one.) The upload of signature assignments will take place after completing each course. Be certain to upload revised signature assignments throughout the program as the portfolio and its contents will be used in other courses and may be used by individual students as a professional resource tool. See the Pathbrite (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. website for information and further instructions on using this portfolio tool.
Writing the Critical Review
The paper:

Must be 10 to 12 double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Must include a separate title page with the following:

Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

Must use at least five peer-reviewed sources in addition to the course text.
Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.k 6 – Critical Review

Critical Review
The final assignment for this class will be a 10-page critical review of the drug treatment for a psychiatric disorder (broadly defined to include psychological and neurological disorders as well). The review will use peer-reviewed sources to evaluate the current drug treatment modalities for the selected disorder and determine the adequacy of those treatments. The paper will be evaluated on the inclusion of the following information:
Introduction 
Evaluate the disorder in terms of symptomatic and behavioral presentation. Include the time, course, and progression of the disorder. Evaluate and explain special features of the disease epidemiology.
Theory
Evaluate the predominant theory or theories regarding the biological basis of the disorder. Explain the disorder in terms of pertinent neurotransmitter and receptor theories and describe the pertinent evidence of their involvement.  Analyze the neurotransmitter systems in terms of the involved receptors and the use receptor agonists and antagonists in the treatment of the disorder receptor. Include information on the anatomic changes to the central nervous system as appropriate to the topic.
Treatment 
Evaluate drug therapies for treating the disorder based on the current understanding of the biological basis of the disorder and the corresponding behavioral effects of the disorder. Explain pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in relation to the disorder and corresponding drug treatment. Describe any side effects and adverse effects of the drug treatment and their biological basis, including issues related to contraindications, interactions, drug metabolism, and elimination. In addition, explain risks, benefits, and ethical implications for high-risk and exceptional treatment conditions.
Conclusion 
Summarize theories of psychiatric disease as they relate to principles of drug action within the chosen topic. Evaluate advantages and disadvantages of the current theory of the disorder and its treatment and evaluate any controversies regarding ethical and/or risk-benefits perspectives associated with the current treatment. Describe possible areas for future research.
Attention Students: The Masters of Arts in Psychology program is utilizing the Pathbrite portfolio tool as a repository for student scholarly work in the form of signature assignments completed within the program. After receiving feedback for this Critical Review, please implement any changes recommended by the instructor, go to Pathbrite (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. and upload the revised Critical Review to the portfolio. (Use the Pathbrite Quick-Start Guide (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. to create an account if you do not already have one.) The upload of signature assignments will take place after completing each course. Be certain to upload revised signature assignments throughout the program as the portfolio and its contents will be used in other courses and may be used by individual students as a professional resource tool. See the Pathbrite (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. website for information and further instructions on using this portfolio tool.
Writing the Critical Review
The paper:

Must be 10 to 12 double-spaced pages in length (not including title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
Must include a separate title page with the following:

Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

Must use at least five peer-reviewed sources in addition to the course text.
Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate reference page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

How can you account for the weaknesses of current risk assessment practices in forensic psychology?

In a minimum of 300 words, respond to the following:

What are the strengths and weaknesses of current risk assessment practices? When writing your response, focus on tests designed to assess risk and dangerousness.
How can you utilize or build upon the strengths of current risk assessment practices in forensic psychology? How can you account for the weaknesses of current risk assessment practices in forensic psychology? Provide examples and rationales.
Which term do you prefer, “prediction of risk” or “assessment of risk”? State your reasons for your opinion.

How can a counselor create a sense of hope and possibility for a client?

Chapter 11 in the textbook emphasizes the importance of hope and possibility in the counseling process. Clients come into counseling having tried many different solutions that have failed. In many cases, they are discouraged and hopeless about resolving their problems in a way that creates a better life.
In some cases, clients face significant barriers of physical disability or illness, histories of trauma, occupational disadvantages, or addictions. Throughout the counseling process the counselor attempts to create hope. 
Write a 750-1,000-word paper discussing the following:

How can the counselor create a sense of hope and possibility for the client?
How does establishing goals help clients to develop hope?
What steps can the counselor take to help clients identify goals for change?
What strategies can a counselor utilize to help clients commit to change?

Include at least three scholarly references in your paper. 
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is required.