Are adolescents more likely to engage in risk-taking behavior than older adults?

Topic: Are adolescents more likely to engage in risk-taking behavior than older adults?

Once you have chosen your topic, examine the various theories of human development learned in the course and choose one or two that best assist you in understanding the issues involved in your topic. In your assignment address the following:

Identify some of the major domains of human development and how they are impacted.
Examine the physical, biological, emotional, cognitive, and/or social factors that are affected.
Identify the stages of development that are affected and describe the cultural and historical perspectives of partitioning the lifespan that influence the interpretations of the available data on the topic.
Describe the influences of family, culture, and environment and the roles they play.

Writing the Final Paper

The Final Paper:

Must be eight to ten double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages), and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a title page with the following:

Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted

Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.

You may use the introduction you developed during the Week Four assignment or a revised version if changes are deemed necessary.

Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.

Conclude with an answer to the selected question. Did the evidence you surveyed answer the question satisfactorily?
Include an analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of the available evidence.
Illustrate how each source fits specific sections of your Final Paper. The goal is to demonstrate that supporting evidence exists for statements that are made in the paper.  
If possible, suggest the course that future research should take if answers to the selected question are deemed less than conclusive.

Must use at least five scholarly sources, all of which must come from the Ashford University Library or Google Scholar.
Must include an annotated bibliography which briefly summarizes each article including the purpose of the investigation, its methodology, and results.

Rely on the brief summaries of the articles (including the purpose of each investigation, its methodology and results) that you developed during Week Four to construct an organized summary of the scientific evidence that answers the question you selected.  
If possible, select peer-reviewed articles that summarize the evidence available in a given field of study (e.g., meta-analysis combines the findings of different studies to uncover trends, commonalities and differences).
Order the articles in the way you think you will discuss them in your paper. Then develop a summary of the scientific evidence that answers the question you selected.
You may reference your textbook and other required materials from the course; however, these will not fulfill the resource requirement.

Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

You may use the reference section you developed in the Week Four assignment as the final page of the paper.

Discuss when child behavior is abnormally active and warrants a diagnosis of ADHD and when the situation or environment creates the child’s overactivity.

 Review how ADHD is defined and the changes to ADHD in the DSM 5. Discuss when child behavior is abnormally active and warrants a diagnosis of ADHD and when the situation or environment creates the child’s overactivity. Support your answer with peer-reviewed articles. 

What is the difference between public health and individual health?

The main goal of public health is to prevent diseases and promote health of a population level.
Using the South University Online Library or the Internet, identify, research, and read about a public health issue of your interest. Based on your research, express your views on the following:

What is the difference between public health and individual health?
How does the system of health care delivery in the United States support the goals of public health?
Is the health issue identified by you during the research being adequately addressed? Why or why not?
What initiatives are in place to address your identified public health issue? Explain at least two such initiatives.
What are the risks or social factors associated with your identified health issue?
How are the three levels of government (national, state, and local) working together to address your identified health issue?

To support your work, use your course and textbook readings and also use the South University Online Library. As in all assignments, cite your sources in your work and provide references for the citations in APA format.

How might parenting styles influence a child’s temperament or vice versa (a child’s temperament influence parenting styles)?

This assignment should be a short paragraph.
How might parenting styles influence a child’s temperament or vice versa (a child’s temperament influence parenting styles)? Think back to your own childhood and integrate your own experience into your response.

What are attitudes and how do we form and change them?

Threaded Discussion:
What are attitudes and how do we form and change them? Provide a detailed explanation of how persuasion works. Expound upon persuasion and the effect it has on emotions. Discuss CFR with respect to persuasion.  Respond to a colleague by Day 7 (Saturday).
Assignment:
Research at least two scholarly journal articles regarding Sternberg’s Theory of Love, eustress, deterrence theory, empathy-altruism hypothesis, and buffering hypothesis

Is there any relationship between gender and student performance in statistics and science subjects?

 
Mini Research Proposal
This written assignment is based on the work conducted in the “Z, T, or Chi-Square Test Study” discussion forum from last week. Based on this initial work, feedback received, and additional research, you should submit a mini research proposal that calls for the use of a z test, t test, or Chi-Square test.
Please include the following in the research proposal:

Introduction (1-2 paragraphs)

Present the research question of interest.
Explain how the chosen statistical test applies to this research question.
Provide the statistical notation and written explanations for the null and alternative hypotheses.
Explain the types of errors that can occur.

Methods

Participants (1 paragraph)

List how many participants will be selected.
Identify who will be the participants and their major demographic characteristics (e.g., sex, age, etc.).
Explain how participants will be selected for the study.

Procedures (1-2 paragraphs)

Identify the variables in the study.
Describe each variable’s scale of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio) and characteristics (i.e., discrete vs. continuous, qualitative vs. categorical, etc.).
Provide an operational definition for each variable, explaining how the variables will be measured.

Results (1-2 paragraphs)

Describe the statistical test that will be conducted. Be sure to include why the test was chosen and why it is appropriate for this study.
Identify the information that will be obtained from the results of this test and what will be needed to draw conclusions regarding the hypotheses.

Discussion (1 paragraph)

Identify any expected biases, assumptions, or faults with the proposed study and the use of the identified statistical test.
Explain what conclusions can and cannot be made for this study, and using this statistical test.
Describe the practical significance or importance of the results.

The paper should be APA formatted as a research proposal, and approximately 1000 to 1350 words of content. Include a title page, and a reference page that includes any resources utilized. Students should submit their paper by Day 7.
Point Value: 7 Points
Weekly Learning Outcome Alignment: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
———————————————————————————————–MY WORK WAS:  
Identify an appropriate research question that would require the use of a z-, t-, or Chi-Square test to answer. Pick the question from the list created in Week 1 or identify a new question if there are no appropriate ones from Week 1.

Research question #7.
Is there any relationship between gender and student performance in statistics and science subjects?
The variables, in this case, will be the average performance of the students in the subjects of focus, they will be categorized according to their gender. These variables can actually be measured using the ratio level of measurements by some mathematical operations. In this case, an average will be calculated of both genders performance on the subjects being studied. The data in this study will depict some continuous characteristics. 
Describe why this question is appropriate for the selected statistical test.
Solution
The test to be used in this question is independent T-test. Independent T-test compares the means of two groups that are not related in any way. Performance of males and females are to be investigated to check whether the gender contributes to passing or failing statistics and science subjects.  Performance for males is to be compared with the one for females. T- Statics compares their means and tells us whether there males or females perform well in statists and science subjects. Data for performance is continuous. This is a requirement when using t-test.
Identify the variables in this study and each of their attributes: discrete or continuous, quantitative or categorical, the scale of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio), an independent or dependent.
Solution
The variables here are:
Gender – is a categorical variable taking two categories, that is, male or female.
Performance – is a continuous taking real numbers
There is no dependent variable in the case of independent T-test statistics.
Explain how the variables do or do not fit the qualifications for the selected statistical test
Solution
Both variables fit the independent t-test statistics selected. Performance is categorized into two groups, that is, Males and Females. The performance means are then compared in the two groups.
Provide a written explanation for the null and alternative hypotheses.
Solution
The null hypothesis indicated with H0, states that there no relationship between gender and performance. Alternative hypothesis H1, indicates there is a significant mean deference when comparing results for males and females.
This can be written as;
H0: μ1 = μ2 = 0
H1: μ1 ≠ μ2 ≠ 0
Rejecting the null hypothesis will means there is confidence in failing to reject the alternative hypothesis.
Describe the types of errors that could occur.
Solution
Type I error and type II error can occur on the testing hypothesis. Type I error occurs when a true null hypothesis is rejected. Type II error occurs when one fails to reject a false null hypothesis.
In this case, concluding that there is a difference in means while in a real sense there isn’t, is a type I error and concluding there is no difference in means while there is, is a type II error.
Research question # 9.
What is the relationship between mortality rates and poverty level?
This research question is intended to establish the existence of any relationship between the mortality rates within a population and the poverty level of that population. The variables in these case will be poverty and death rate which will be measured using the ordinal level scale because it will be giving the degree to which these variables affect each other. The variables, in this case, will be having some continuous characteristics because they rise and fall at some level.
Describe why this question is appropriate for the selected statistical test.
Solution
Chi-square test is used in this question to determine the relationship between poverty levels and mortality rates. It tests whether the cause of mortality rate is poverty or its just by chance.
Identify the variables in this study and each of their attributes: discrete or continuous, quantitative or categorical, the scale of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio), and independent or dependent.
Solution
Our variables here are;
Mortality rate which is a dependent ratio variable
Level of poverty which can be (High, medium, low), is a categorical independent variable
Explain how the variables do or do not fit the qualifications for the selected statistical test
Solution
Mortality rates can be taken as “high” or “low” to make it suitable for using the chi-square test. Using it as a continuous variable will make it unsuitable for the test. Poverty levels (high, medium and low), perfectly suits Chi-test statistics.
Provide a written explanation for the null and alternative hypotheses.
Solution
The null hypothesis indicated with H0, states that there no relationship between mortality rates and poverty. Alternative hypothesis H1, indicates there is a significant relationship between the number of people dying and their poverty levels.
This can be written as;
H0: β1 = β2 = 0
H1: β1 ≠ β2 ≠ 0
Describe the types of errors that could occur.
Solution
Type I error and type II error can occur on the testing hypothesis. Type I error occurs when a true null hypothesis is rejected. Type II error occurs when one fails to reject a false null hypothesis.
In this case, concluding that poverty causes death while it is not the cause of death, is type II error while concluding that they don’t relate while they do actually, is type I error.————————————————————————————-THE DISCUSSION WAS:  
Z, T, or Chi-Square Test Study
Background
During this week you will identify a research question created in Week 1 that would be best answered by any of the following statistical tests: z test, t test for single sample, independent samples t test, repeated measures t test, or Chi-Square test. This discussion will help you work towards your “Week 3 Assignment 2.” If there are no research questions that fit any of these types of statistical analyses, decide on a new question before moving forward with the assignment.
Discussion Assignment Requirements
Initial Posting – In your initial posting for this assignment, include the following:

Identify an appropriate research question that would require the use of a z-, t-, or Chi-Square test to answer. Pick the question from the list created in Week 1 or identify a new question if there are no appropriate ones from Week 1.
Describe why this question is appropriate for the selected statistical test.
Identify the variables in this study and each of their attributes: discrete or continuous, quantitative or categorical, scale of measurement (nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio), and independent or dependent.
Explain how the variables do or do not fit the qualifications for the selected statistical test.
Provide a written explanation for the null and alternative hypotheses.
Describe the types of errors that could occur.

What issues did labor unions attempt to resolve in the early 1900s?

 
Read Samuel Gompers testimony before Congress regarding the AFL and the original platform of the Knights of Labor from the links below. What issues did labor unions attempt to resolve in the early 1900s? How successful were they at resolving these issues? Why was there such a struggle between business and labor, why was it so difficult for them to come together. Why were strikes so violent? (Not being recognized, the issues they were trying to resolve, etc.) How did labor unions improve the working conditions for American workers?

 
http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/teachers/historyonline/gompers_amfedlabor.cfm

https://lopes.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/abcamlabor/appendix_27_knights_of_labor_preamble_and_platform_to_their_constitution_1891/0

 Just need 125 words

Describe the development of industry, business, and labor after the American Civil War.

 
Create an essay of 500 words, describing the development of industry, business, and labor after the American Civil War. Address the following:  

Discuss several of the industries of America’s Industrial Revolution in the post-Civil War period. 
What made these leaders of industry successful?
Explain the origins and growth of labor unions. 
What did Labor Unions accomplish?

Use a minimum of three of the sources provided to support your assignment and be sure to cite the sources.

 Prepare this assignment APA style