False Memories The US legal system places a lot of importance on eyewitness me

 
False Memories
The US legal system places a lot of importance on eyewitness memory. Most people would report that they can accurately convey what they saw in a particular situation. However, these ideas are not supported by research. Instead, research shows that memory is quite malleable and is affected by many factors. This research repeatedly demonstrates that people do not remember exactly what they experienced. This module’s experiment will show you firsthand how memory for events is not always one hundred percent accurate.
Access the CogLab demonstration False Memory. Follow the instructions to complete the demonstration to familiarize yourself with false memory. Then locate at least one research study from a peer-reviewed journal that examined how eyewitness memory can be affected by false memories.
Based on your research, respond to the following situation:
You are considered to be an expert in false memories, and a local district attorney has therefore requested your expertise on the following case: 
On Tuesday, March 6, 2007, a bank was robbed in Slidell, LA. It was just after opening time, 9:04 a.m., and there were barely any customers, when a car arrived and parked in the side parking lot of the bank. Two men came out of the car and walked to the entrance. Both wore dark clothing. Upon entering the bank, they held out guns and asked for the manager. When the manager identified herself, the smaller of the two robbers ordered her to open the safe. Meanwhile, the other robber, a tall, and burley man, walked around holding his gun in his outstretched arm, and threatening the remaining employees and customers. The manager complied and the smaller robber collected all the money and valuables from the safe. After five minutes, the big robber asked if his companion was ready to go. When he was, the two ran back to their car, and drove away.
The district attorney has asked that you create a presentation about false memory and explain how it might influence this case. He asks that you specifically address the following:

Describe false memory and false memory experiments. Use the CogLab experiment to illustrate false memory experiments, special distracters, and normal distracters.
Describe at least one research study from a peer-reviewed journal that investigated how eyewitness memory can be affected by false memories.
Explain how false memory might influence this particular case. Use specifics from the description of the case, the CogLab experiment, and research to support your answer.
Using evidence from the case, the CogLab experiment, and outside research, justify why eyewitness testimonies should or should not carry weight in criminal proceedings.
Discuss any procedures which can increase or reduce the occurrence of false memories when reporting eyewitness events.

Remember, your presentation is designed to help the jury understand false memory and how it might influence the eyewitness testimony of this case. You will have ten minutes to present.
Since this is a legal case, you must include formally written slide notes (proper grammar, proper paragraphs, APA formatting, and academic tone) with research to support your claims. The presentation will be a legal document in this case, so make it worthy of being legally binding!
Develop an 5–6-slide presentation in PowerPoint format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

  Attentional Blink There are many stimuli in your environment of which you are

 
Attentional Blink
There are many stimuli in your environment of which you are not aware. You use attention to filter out unimportant stimuli and focus on relevant stimuli. However, there are circumstances under which you cannot perceive stimuli, regardless of how hard you “pay attention.” One situation is when visual stimuli are presented in quick succession. If the interval between the two stimuli is short enough, you do not perceive the second stimulus. This lapse in attention is known as attentional blink. In this assignment, you will experience the attentional blink for yourself and will also read about practical implications of the phenomenon.
Access the CogLab demonstration Attentional Blink. Follow the instructions to complete the demonstration.
Read the following article:

Livesey, E. J., Harris, I. M., & Harris, J. A. (2009). Attentional changes during implicit learning: Signal validity protects a target stimulus from the attentional blink. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 35(2), 408-408-422. doi:10.1037/a0014525 (ProQuest Document ID: 614494049)

Using the experience from the CogLab demonstration and information from the article, write a paper that addresses the following:

Explain how the attentional blink relates to attention. Analyze how the variation in time influences the probability of seeing the second target letter. Explain the circumstances under which the attentional blink can be eliminated.
In the CogLab demonstration, letters were used as targets. The target used can influence the duration of one’s attentional blink and whether the attentional blink even occurs. Complete the following tasks:

Propose at least two other targets that could be used to induce the attentional blink.
Predict the effect each of your suggested targets would have on the duration of one’s attentional blink as compared to the CogLab activity you completed.
Explain the reasoning behind your predictions.

Present and discuss at least three occupations in which workers’ performance could be adversely affected by attentional blink. Identify and explain the types of problems or mistakes that might occur in such occupations due to the attentional blink.
Several years ago, some vehicle models came with a heads-up display (HUD). Instead of looking down at a panel on the dashboard, speed, distance traveled, fuel level, and time appeared to be displayed over the hood of the car. Discuss this design in terms of divided attention and attentional blink. Do you think the design was a good idea?

Write a 4-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. 

4-5 pages due by Feb 4 …   You have learned many of the basic elements of a ch

4-5 pages due by Feb 4 …   You have learned many of the basic elements of a chemical dependency center in today’s world. Now it is time to write a report that will be used in a final proposal for a new treatment center. Consider what you have already learned, and continue your research about addiction and recovery theories, services, and continuum of care to design the most effective treatment center possible. Based on current issues that you have learned about, consider the changes you believe could be made to improve this evolving system.

Start with some of the following questions: 

What do you think the future best practices might look like?
How might you care for the professionals in a field while they are caring for their clients?
What kind of professional development will the staff need to make this center a success? How might this improve services to those in need? 
Given what you know and what your group discovered and discussed about modern treatment facilities, use your imagination to come up with a futuristic model of an addiction and recovery services center. Be sure to address the following information in a proposal of 4–5 pages:

Objective

Type of facility
Need for the facility
Purpose of the facility
Current issues or challenges the facility is designed to address
Mission statement of the facility
Philosophy or theories practiced within the facility 
Logistics

Populations to be served by the facility
Treatments used in the facility
Physical appearance of the facility
Type of staff
Professional development that will be available to staff
Additional important details

You will introduce your supervisor to the instructor by sending one email to bot

You will introduce your supervisor to the instructor by sending one email to both the supervisor and instructor that professionally introduces one to the other. This email must include contact information for both parties. You will then submit a copy of the email on Blackboard. 
 1 page 

Read the “Case Study Analysis.” Select one of the following theories that you fe

Read the “Case Study Analysis.”
Select one of the following theories that you feel best applies to treating the client in the case study:

Feminist
Solution-Focused
Narrative

Write a 750-1,000-word analysis of the case study using the theory you chose. Include the following in your analysis.

What concepts of the theory make it the most appropriate for the client in the case study?
Why did you choose this theory over the others?
What will be the goals of counseling and what intervention strategies are used to accomplish those goals?
Is the theory designed for short- or long-term counseling?
What will be the counselor’s role with this client?
What is the client’s role in counseling?
For what population(s) is this theory most appropriate? How does this theory address the social and cultural needs of the client?
What additional information might be helpful to know about this case?
What may be a risk in using this approach?

Include at least three scholarly references in your paper.
Each response to the assignment prompts should be addressed under a separate heading in your paper. Refer to “APA Headings and Seriation,” located on the Purdue OWL website for help in formatting the headings.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.
You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin. Refer to the directions in the Student Success Center.
  
Case Study Analysis 
Client Name: Ana
Client age: 24 
Gender: F
Presenting Problem
Client states, “I recently lost my job and feel hopeless. I can’t sleep and don’t feel like eating.” Client also reports she has lost 10 pounds during the last two months. Client states that she is a solo parent and is worried about becoming homeless. Client states, “I worry all the time. I can’t get my brain to shut off. My husband is in the military and currently serving in an overseas combat zone for the next eight months. I worry about him all the time.”
Behavioral Observations
Client arrived 30 minutes early for her appointment. Client stated that she had never been in counseling before. Client depressed and anxious, as evidenced by shaking hands and tearfulness as she filled out her intake paperwork. Ana made little eye contact as she described what brought her into treatment. Client speech was halting. Client affect flat. Client appeared willing to commit to eight sessions of treatment authorized by her insurance company. 
General Background
Client is a 24-year-old first-generation immigrant from Guatemala. Ana was furloughed from her job as a loan officer at local bank three months ago. Client reported that she was from a wealthy family in Guatemala, but does not want to ask for help. Client speaks fluent Spanish.
Education
Client has completed one year of college with a major in business. Client states that she left college after her son was born as she found it difficult to manage a baby, college, and a full-time job. 
Family Background
Client is the middle of four siblings. Client has two older brothers and one younger sister. Client’s parents have been married for 27 years. Client states that she has had a “close” relationship with her family, although she states that her father is a “heavy drinker.” Client states that all her brothers and sisters have graduated from college and have professional careers. Client states that her father is a banker and her mother is an educator. Client states that she has not seen her family for 1 year. Client has a 1-year-old son and states that she is sometimes “overwhelmed” by raising him alone.
Major Stressors
· Lack of family and supportive friends
· Financial problems due to job loss
· Husband deployed overseas
· Raising a baby by herself

   Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resource on you

  
Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resource on your own before you bid. One of the references must come from Broderick and Blewitt (2015). I need this completed by 02/04/18 at 3pm. Respond to at least two of my colleagues using one or more of the following approaches:
· Offer and support an alternative perspective using readings from the classroom or from your own research in the Walden Library.
· Validate an idea with your own experience and additional research.
· Expand on your colleague’s posting by providing additional insights or contrasting perspectives based on readings and evidence.

1. (B. Smi)
After completing the Five Factor Personality Test, my results were as follows: Factor I: Extraversion (Surgency), Factor II: Agreeableness (Friendliness), Factor III: Conscientiousness (Dependability), Factor IV: Neuroticism, and Factor V: Openness (Culture/Intellect). 
Factor I
Buchanan (n.d.) declares that Surgency is a descriptor for behavior in social settings. Those who score high in this trait are very outgoing while those who score low are more reserved, introverts.. My score was ranked at about average. I can’t say that this score was accurate or inaccurate because I believe I can be an even split. If I am unfamiliar or uncomfortable with the setting, I can be reserved and observant.
 
Factor II
 
 
Friendliness is described by Buchanan (n.d.) as a trait that displays how an individual treats others. I believe this to be true as I firmly believe in treating others with respect at all times. I am very cognizant about pleasantries and politeness: please and thank yous, eye contact, and respectful tones. The associated characteristics for this trait are identified as trusting, friendly, and cooperative. I would say I am each of these. Over time, I’ve that it takes much more time and energy to be mean, angry, or spiteful. There is also no benefit to that behavior when others are going on about their lives. In addition to this, I know how it feels to be treated poorly and I’d rather not spread that around. I would much rather throw glitter than coal. My score, 29, is ranked as relatively high.
 
 
Factor III
 
 
Conscientiousness is describes a person’s ability to be organized and persistent in accomplishing their set goals. Also a trait that manifested over time. I’ve always enjoyed learning but found high school a bit too easy. Therefore, college was a bit of a shock because I had to learn to study for the first time ever. Now, I am all about planning, time frames, and setting goals that are attainable and realistic. I believe I favor mother in this trait as she has always preached to that I be a woman of my word. It was always her expectation that I did what I said I would do and if I could not, it needed to be discussed. My score in this factor, 44, is categorized as relatively high, depicting me as well organized and dutiful.
 
Factor IV
 
 
Neuroticism concerns a person’s frequency in experiencing negative emotions. Like most people, I have a few negative thought about myself when I feel disappointed or that I could have done better at something. However, this is not a frequent occurrence. I agree with my score of 13, which is marked as relatively low.  In the past I had a lot of negative self talk. I remember reading once that they way parent’s speak to their children is the reoccurring voice in their head. I firmly believe this. I struggled with my body image a lot in school and college even wearing size three jeans because I was often told I needed to lost weight and eat less. An increase in self-love and taking over my views of my body decreased past emotional distress. I would say I am more relaxed and less emotional.
 
Factor V
 
 
The trait of openness, within the FFPT,  depicts a person’s ability to be open-minded and interested in culture. My high score of 31 indicates my likeliness to be creative and imaginative. Buchanan (n.d.) insists similar individuals also seek out cultural and educational experiences. This score is spot on as I love art !!! I literally just received two paintings for my apartment from a friend of mine. I believe in art and its ability to help those who are different and express themselves differently. In addition to this, I sometimes assist a great friend of mine in creative direction for his photo shoots. I also co-founded a blog in which I discussed topics related to non-millennial millennial. Lol
 
Two Experiences
 
 
An experience that impacted my development until adulthood was the way I viewed myself. I was very active in high school: cheerleading, dance team, and working part-time. I wore single digits in jeans but I was never small enough for my mother. I carried that insecurity about my body with me for most of my life. It took some therapy and a lot of “undoing” for me to unlearn the negative self-talk. I’d come so self-conscious I’d talk about my weight before anyone else could to beat them to the punch. However, this undoing also helped me deal with negativity. I was bullied in high school for trivial things. I knew they weren’t true but the pain was very real. As a young adult I’ve decided not to take on other people’s stuff. Through life experiences and educational materials, I’ve learned that sometimes project onto others or reflect their unhappiness by lashing out at others. I have made my personal views of self a priority.
 
Another experience that has impacted my development was the notion to preserve. My dad is an Army vet and always believed “if there’s a will, there’s a way.” He didn’t believe there was just one route to anything. Implementing that style of thought has helped me through a number of things. There isn’t just one way to be educated, happy, or loved. An example of this could be taken from my workplace values. I work for the Department of Human Resources, assisting individuals in finding jobs and furthering their education. If I cannot find the necessary information, I’m willing to search all systems, send emails, and annoy my teammates to help that person out. I do not believe in trying something once and becoming defeated. I’ve carried this attitude with me in all areas of life.
 
Summary
 
 
I believe that the FFPT results were spot on in the assessment of my traits and behaviors. While my Surgency can vary, it is accurate in the sense that I can be both outgoing and reserved. I believe that my childhood traits and lessons have followed me into adulthood. However, I also believe traits can change and evolve as the person does. Finally, I believe a large part of my ability to change is influenced by Factor V: which is my ability to be open, imaginative, and creative.
References
Buchanan, T. (n.d.). Five factor personality test. Retrieved March 10, 2013 from http://www.personalitytest.org.uk/

2. (A. Wit)
Personality traits are relatively stable over the lifespan, but they are also influenced by life stage development and life events. Thirty-five years ago, mental health researchers found they could narrow down measurable personality traits into five categories: extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015).  These personality traits are often referred to as the “Five Factor Model” or “the Big 5”.  The Five Factor Personality Test (FFTP) is an online modification of the International Personality Item Pool (INIP).  Both tests are used to rank individuals within the five personality trait categories (Buchanan, n.d.).  Such tests can be used to analyze stability and change in personality traits over time (Specht, Egloff, & Schmukle, 2011). 
My FFTP scores
Factor I- Extroversion- 27- about average
Factor II- Agreeableness- 26- about average
Factor III- Conscientiousness -39- relatively high
Factor IV- Neuroticism- 18- relatively low
Factor V- Openness- 23- relatively low
My scores on the FFTP were predictable in some categories and surprising in others.  The most surprising score was Factor I-extroversion.  I ranked about average.  This is surprising to me because I would describe myself as an introvert.  Although I am adept in social situations, I highly value time alone.  I prefer listening and observing unless I feel confident in making a point.  In factors II-V including agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness, my scores were predictable.  My highly conscientious traits include a preference for planning over spontaneity and co-dependent behaviors such as being overly responsible for myself and others.
Influences on personality development in childhood and adulthood
Despite the stability of personality traits over time, major life events can influence a person’s rank in any of the five factors (Specht, Egloff, & Schmukle, 2011).  Major life events may include normative milestones or unpredictable situations.  One normative life event that has influenced my personality was becoming a parent.  I would expect that my score in the conscientious category would be lower before parenthood.  I had three children in the span of five years.  The responsibility of caring and nurturing three young children trumped a spontaneous lifestyle.  Non-normative events that have influenced my personality were the divorce of my parents in middle adulthood and later my own divorce.  In the period immediately following both divorces, I suspect that my neuroticism would have ranked much higher than it does today, and higher than it was as an adolescent.  My current low-level of neuroticism is a poignant indicator of the stability of personality traits from childhood through adulthood, even if they can vary in response to life events.
Manifestation of personality traits
           My scores in the FFTP are reflective of who I am today, in this moment.  For example, I scored relatively low in openness.  High scorers in openness are creative, imaginative, and seek out cultural experiences, whereas low scorers are down-to-earth and practical (Buchanan, n.d.).  I tend to gather details and analyze.  I like to do research and math!  Although I am very open and willing to explore spiritually, I value tangible facts.  Another example of the manifestation of traits is my cooperative approach to working with others and my above average agreeableness score.  I live in a small rural community.  I was raised to put trust in my neighbors and expect that most people were allies rather than opponents.
Summary
           Counselors should adopt a multidimensional approach to lifespan development.  Although personality traits are relatively stable over the lifespan, they can be influenced by normative and non-normative events.  Using the FFTP assessment can help clients develop an awareness of the quality of life (Buchanan, n.d.).  This assignment has helped me to identify levels and manifestations of my extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, and openness. 
References
Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). The life span: Human development for helping professionals (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education
Buchanan, T. (n.d.). Five-factor personality test. Retrieved March 10, 2013. Retrieved from http://www.personalitytest.org.uk/
Specht, J., Egloff, B., & Schmukle, S. C. (2011). Stability and change of personality across the life course: The impact of age and major life events on mean-level and rank-order stability of the Big Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(4), 862–882
Readings
· Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). The life span: Human development for helping professionals (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
o Chapter 13, “Middle Adulthood: Cognitive, Personality, and Social Development” (review pp. 478-525)
o Chapter 14, “Living Well: Stress, Coping, and Life Satisfaction in Adulthood” (pp. 526-555)
Diehl, M., & Hay, E. L. (2010). Risk and resilience factors in coping with daily stress in adulthood: The role of age, self-concept incoherence, and personal control. Developmental Psychology, 46(5),1132–1146.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Henning, P. B. (2011). Disequilibrium, development, and resilience through adult life. Systems Research and Behavioral Science, 28(5),443–454.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Ong, A. D., Bergeman, C. S., & Boker, S. M. (2009). Resilience comes of age: Defining features in later adulthood. Journal of Personality, 77(6),1777–1804.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Pufall-Jones, E., & Mistry, J. (2010). Navigating across cultures: Narrative constructions of lived experience. Journal of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research, 4(3), 151–167.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Specht, J., Egloff, B., & Schmukle, S. C. (2011). Stability and change of personality across the life course: The impact of age and major life events on mean-level and rank-order stability of the Big Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(4), 862–882.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Sutin, A. R., Costa, P. T., Jr., Wethington, E., & Eaton, W. (2010). Turning points and lessons learned: Stressful life events and personality trait development across middle adulthood. Psychology and Aging, 25(3), 524–533.
Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
Buchanan, T. (n.d.). Five factor personality test. Retrieved March 10, 2013 from http://www.personalitytest.org.uk/
Media
· Laureate Education (Producer). (2013e). Middle adulthood [Video file]. Retrieved from CDN Files Database. (COUN 6215/COUN 8215/HUMN 8215)
 
In this week’s media, you will examine the family member aged 30–65.
 
Note: Please click on the following link for the transcript: Transcript (PDF). 
· Laureate Education (Producer). (2013h). Perspectives: Middle adulthood [Video file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu
 
Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 3 minutes.
 
This week’s presenter discusses the impacts of family, career, and sexual orientation in middle adulthood.
Accessible player  –Downloads– Download Video w/CC Download Audio Download Transcript 

Assignment 1: Course Project Part II—Practice You have researched the theoretica

Assignment 1: Course Project Part II—Practice
You have researched the theoretical writings related to your selected mental disorder in the second part of the course project. In the third part, you have examined the practice related to the disorder.

You have conducted field research on practice related to the disorder, an interview with a mental health professional. Based on all of the information you have gathered, develop a paper that includes the following:

Describe the cause, extent, and nature of the disorder, such as number of people diagnosed and under treatment, demographics, and other factors of interest.
Explain how the selected disorder is diagnosed.
Explain how the selected disorder is treated. Be sure to include all the views on appropriate treatment and comment on diversity of views or dissent.
Differentiate the diagnosis of this disorder from those of the other disorders within the same diagnostic category.
Comment on culturally bound syndromes, cultural biases, or the interplay between assessment and diagnosis and culture.
Provide data from the professional interview completed relevantly and substantively integrating this information into the body of the paper. Provide the name of the interviewed professional with his/her credentials. Written transcripts of the interview should be recorded and submitted with the assignment (e.g. in paper as an appendices).

Write a 4–5-page paper in Word format. Make sure to review the rubric so as to address all necessary criteria. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. Use the following file naming convention: LastnameFirstInitial_M5_A1.doc.

Assignment CriteriaMaximum PointsDescribe the cause, extent, and nature of the disorder, such as number of people diagnosed and under treatment, demographics, and other factors of interest.40Explain how the selected disorder is diagnosed.35Explain how the selected disorder is treated. Be sure to include all the views on appropriate treatment and comment on diversity of views or dissent.60Differentiate the diagnosis of this disorder from those of the other disorders within the same diagnostic category.40Comment on culturally bound syndromes, cultural biases, or the interplay between assessment and diagnosis and culture.35Professional interview completed and interview data relevantly and substantively integrated into the body of the paper. Name of the interviewed professional with his/her credentials are included. Transcripts of the interview were also submitted (e.g. in paper as an appendices).30
Organization (16 points): Introduction, Thesis, Transitions, Conclusion
Usage and Mechanics (15 points): Grammar, Spelling, Sentence Structure
APA Elements (22 points): Attribution, Paraphrasing, Quotations
Style (7 points): Audience, Word Choice
60Total:300

Assignment 2: Destination Presentation  Before beginning this assignment, you sh

Assignment 2: Destination Presentation 
Before beginning this assignment, you should thoroughly review PowerPoint Presentation Creation; Enhancing Presentations with Pictures, Transitions, Objects, Backgrounds, and SmartArt from your course textbook, Go! All in one: Computer concepts and applications (https://digitalbookshelf.argosy.edu/#/user/sso)
For this assignment you will use Microsoft PowerPoint to create a presentation about a place to which you have traveled or would like to travel.

Begin by opening a new Microsoft PowerPoint file.
Save it as LastnameFirstInitial_M5_A2.ppt.
The presentation should include at least six slides that could describe the location, the method of travel, the qualities of the location that make it interesting or fun, the places you can visit, and any cultural activities in which you might like to participate.
Choose an appropriate theme, slide layouts, and pictures to format the presentation attractively.
Research the location and include properly cited (APA Style) material. Here is a great resource you can use to find information about places in the US and all over the world. (Be aware that the automatic citation generator for this site uses MLA style and not APA.)
Add (copy and paste) a chart or graph you can create in Microsoft Excel. This could be a travel budget.
Add (copy and paste) a table you can create in Microsoft Word. This could be a daily schedule.
Include a References slide at the end.

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria Maximum PointsSubmitted a PowerPoint presentation at least six slides long about a travel destination.35Chose an appropriate theme, slide layouts, and pictures to format the presentation attractively45Included a chart or graph created in Microsoft Excel.55Included a table created in Microsoft Word55Included properly cited (APA Style) research about the location.45Included a (APA Style) References slide.45Used proper grammar and spelling.20Total:300

Assignment 3: Challenges in Identifying Mental Disorders Most mental disorders l

Assignment 3: Challenges in Identifying Mental Disorders
Most mental disorders lie on a continuum with “normal” behavior at one end. For example, nearly everyone has a fear of something, but it does not rise to the level of a phobia. A behavior may seem abnormal in one context but completely normal in another context. These two aspects show why it can be challenging to properly identify mental disorders.
Using your textbook and the Argosy University online library resources, research the principles and methods of identifying mental disorders. Note particularly the diversity of views and the challenges of identification. Based on your research, write a reflective essay. Use the following question to direct your thoughts and organize your essay:

Why is determining abnormal behavior or a mental disorder so difficult?

To develop your essay, keep in mind issues such as the role of social norms in defining the abnormal, the multiplicity of indicators of what is abnormal, the stigma suffered by those identified as abnormal, and finally the need for objectivity in dealing with the concept.
Write a 2–3-page essay in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources. 

Risky Behaviors Research a behavior that represents risky behaviors as children

Risky Behaviors
Research a behavior that represents risky behaviors as children emerge from middle childhood to adolescence. Discuss the individual, cultural, and environmental contexts that help professionals understand the emergence of specific behaviors. Discuss developmental theories that can help explain the adaptive and maladaptive aspects of those behaviors.