What do you all think are the most significant societal changes that have come about due to feminism.

 Many positive changes have come about because of feminism and ideas about gender equality.  At the same time, some practical complexities occur.  For example, feminism has changed many traditional institutions, such as marriage, the corporate world, and education. It has also led to changes in how men and women interact with each other on both personal and professional levels. What do you all think are the most significant societal changes that have come about due to feminism. What are some examples of how feminism has also affected the interactions between men and women over time.  

 https://static1.squarespace.com/static/533b171fe4b0c551757d9ba3/t/5378fc7ae4b07d0c6bf661af/1400437882246/2000_day-without-feminism.pdf 

 https://www.newsweek.com/still-needing-f-word-138627 

 http://danawilliams2.tripod.com/aaarg/hooks.pdf 

 https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/588436?seq=1#metadata_info_tab_contents 

What are some of the important issues that need to be considered when discussing the Sandwich Generation?

 

As we did last week, we will continue to take a look at some important contemporary social problems in order to get us in the habit of thinking from an interdisciplinary social science perspective.
This week, we will explore a topic that is likely to touch every one of us at some point in our lives. As life expectancy increases, our older adult population is growing at a considerable rate, creating a modern phenomenon known as “the Sandwich Generation.” 
View the video at the following link to learn more about the Sandwich Generation: https://vimeo.com/92162450
Next, read the following article: 
Wassel, J. I., & Cutler, N. E. (2016). Yet Another Boomer Challenge for Financial Professionals: The “Senior” Sandwich Generation. Journal Of Financial Service Professionals, 70(1), 61-73. 
PURL: http://ezproxy.umuc.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=bth&AN=111743166&site=eds-live&scope=site
After reviewing these resources, respond to the following questions: 
1) What are some of the important issues that need to be considered when discussing the Sandwich Generation? Generate a list of items and when you have submitted your response, look and see what your classmates have identified as issues in their responses.
2) How might social scientists from different disciplines talk about these issues? For example, what questions would a psychologist ask compared to an anthropologist? What issues would be the focus of a sociologist? How might a gerontologist frame this problem?
3) What are some potential controversies inherent in this issue? Think about why this social problem might be difficult to solve. Are there gaps in our knowledge? Lack of resources? Opposing political views regarding funding? Think broadly and from an interdisciplinary perspective in order to respond to this question. 
4) Where does the solution lie? Are there policies that need to be changed or enacted to resolve the issue? Are there programs or services that might help to alleviate caregiver burden? What can employers do to help?
For this discussion, I’d really like to see this be a conversation among peers. That is, I want to see you come up with your initial thoughts, but then read and provide comment to the ideas of your classmates so that we can generate a rich and fruitful discussion. This kind of brainstorming and discussion ultimately makes for better solutions. 
Remember to keep the discussion respectful and recognize that there may be differences of opinion, but we are here to learn and broaden our perspectives.

Describe illness-related factors (e.g., access to care, illness complexity, chronicity, outcomes) that might contribute to caregiver burden.

  
Caregiver burden is a multidimensional response that results from taking care of an ill individual. More specifically, caregiver burden refers to the stress and disruption in lifestyle, health, and quality of life experienced by those who provide informal care to patients with chronic and terminal illnesses.
There has been a shift in the caregiving paradigm in the United States, with increased dependence on informal caregivers instead of experienced medical professionals. Caregiver burden can have a significant impact on the psychological, emotional, physical, and functional health of those providing care to loved ones. Physicians, nurses, and social workers have traditionally directed services to patients. Given the impact of caregiver burden on well-being, it is important to focus on the specific needs of caregivers. Supportive services and community resources are commonly offered to caregivers as a means of lessening their stress and improving quality of life.
To prepare for this Discussion:
Think about a chronic, serious, or debilitating illness. Consider the burden experienced by a family or friend providing care for an individual diagnosed with the illness.
For Discussion 
Post a description of the care needed for the illness you selected. Explain the nature of caregiver burden experienced by caregivers of patients with this illness. Describe illness-related factors (e.g., access to care, illness complexity, chronicity, outcomes) that might contribute to caregiver burden. Explain specific interventions that you as a medical social worker might implement to relieve caregiver burden. Identify at least three resources in your local area (Chatham County) or state (Georgia) that you might use to address caregiver burden for the chosen illness. Explain how these resources might adequately address caregiver burden.
Be sure to support your postings with specific references to the resources and the current literature (Resources are attached)

How to tell the difference between good science and pseudoscience.

 
You will note that in the chapter entitled “Tools of Sociology” it is clear that sociology is normally considered a “social science.”  However there is a great deal of sociology that fails to meet the tests required for truly scientific subject matter.
Most of us assume we know what “science” IS.  After all we live in a sea of it today.  But do we really know what it is in an academic sense?  Click on the following link for some key points about modern science from one of the author’s web pages.
http://www.global-college.com/rayeve/whatismodernscience.htm
Note that there is a great deal of “pseudoscience” proffered today in advertising and the media.  Pseudoscience has the look and feel of valid science but fails to meet one or more crucial tests for good science.  To find out more click on:
http://www.quackwatch.org/01QuackeryRelatedTopics/pseudo.html
Now, in your own words, distill the information from these two websites into a summary explaining how to tell the difference between good science and pseudoscience.  In doing so, use at least two examples from print or other media that you think make good examples of “pseudoscience.”   Be sure to provide in your written answer an explanation for why you believe the two to be examples of pseudoscience (using the principles you’ve seen above).  You may be able to find some useful examples to get you started by going to:
http://rationalwiki.com/wiki/Lists_of_pseudosciences
Also, explain in your answer what “greenwash” refers to.  See:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenwash
IMPORTANT: Your assignment should be between 500 and 750 words. 

How is disability a tool or a means of innovation?

For this assignment investigate the following topic: The Straw Ban
Background: There is great debate around the subject of straws and their impact on the environment. Within this debate have emerged unique perspectives of people in the disability community. 
You are required to write a two-page paper, double spaced, 12 point font, addressing the following questions. You must include the section title above each response. Failure to follow formatting guidelines will result in a loss of 2 points.  
● Introduction – 1 point
Opening statement of topic area (1 short paragraph) 
● References & Summaries – 6 points
Name the websites, readings, blogs, and/or documentary films you utilized in your inquiry. You should use at least 3 reputable sources with distinct perspectives. Include links to any online sources used. What were the main points or arguments of each source? Write a 1 paragraph summary of each source (total of 3 paragraphs worth 2 points each).
● Class Connections – 1 point
Which of these fundamental areas does this topic touch on? Choose 2 areas. How does the topic relate to the areas chosen? Explain. (1 paragraph)
○ Ableism, Social Model of Disability, accessibility, accommodations, assistive technology, inspiration porn, disability rights, respectful language, intersectionality
● Reflection – 1 point
I used to think that… Why did you think that?  Now I think that… Why do you think that now? What changed in your thinking?  (1 paragraph). 
● Closing – 1 point
In this context, how is disability a tool or a means of innovation? How has the straw ban debate evolved toward new possibilities as a result of disability representation? Or how has it not evolved toward new possibilities? Explain. (2-3 sentences)

Consider how organizational culture can influence the creation of ethical and potentially unethical policies and practices within the government or nonprofit organization.

 
The social environment in which an organization exists influences the way it operates when dealing with clients and employees. Viewing organizational life through the values embedded in its culture can help leaders create and sustain agencies of integrity. Regardless of whether the organization is in the government or nonprofit sector, administrative attention to the organizational culture can promote ethical behavior among employees. Government and nonprofit public administrators must have an understanding of how an organization’s culture might lead to potentially unethical policies and practices.
In this Assignment, you examine how an organization’s culture influences ethical decision making in an organization.
To prepare for this Assignment, review this week’s resources. Select a government or nonprofit organization with which you are familiar and a specific policy or practice within that organization. Avoid choosing an organization or agency where you currently work or have worked in the past. If you do choose such an agency, do not name it or individuals who work in it specifically. Remember to protect confidentiality.
Consider how organizational culture can influence the creation of ethical and potentially unethical policies and practices within the government or nonprofit organization you selected. Also, think about how the organizational culture might have influenced decision making and the development of specific policies and practices. Finally, consider how the specific policy or practice you selected presents an ethical dilemma and how you might resolve it by using Cooper’s ethical decision-making model from the text.
The Assignment (3–4 pages in APA format): Your paper should include the following:

A brief description of the government or nonprofit organization
A brief summary of how an organization’s culture can influence the creation of ethical and potentially unethical policies and practices
An explanation of how the organization’s culture (norms, customs, and traditions) might have influenced decision making and the creation of specific policies and practices
A description of a specific policy or practice that presents an ethical dilemma and an explanation of how that specific policy or practice creates the dilemma
An explanation of how public administrators might use internal and external controls to maintain responsible conduct in the public organization
An explanation of how, as a public administrator, you might resolve the ethical dilemma, using the ethical decision-making model presented in the text

Support your Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. Provide a reference list with all resources included in the paper.
Your Assignment must demonstrate both breadth and depth of knowledge and critical thinking appropriate to graduate-level scholarship. It must follow APA Publication Manual guidelines and be free of typographical, spelling, and grammatical errors. The Assignment should be 3–4 pages in length (double-spaced), not including the title page, abstract, and references.

Do you believe there is a such thing as a poverty mindset? If so, what does this mean to you?

 Thought 1
 1. Tell me, is it easy to simply find a better paying job? I can give you several examples of clients I am currently working with who poverty conditions growing up had somewhat an impact on their growth livelihood as an adult. Perhaps it may have nothing to do with poverty. Let me ask you this, do you believe there is a such thing as a poverty mindset? If so, what does this mean to you? 
 Thoughts 2
 Let’s assume you have carefully crafted the perfect research question and subsequently conducted a thorough literature review. Soon you discover your question has already been answered. Now what? 

What is your opinion of the immigration policy in America?

Answer the following question before you watch the preceding videos.  Be reflective and honest with your response (500 word min. for all responses combined).

(1) What is your opinion of the immigration policy in America? Why do you feel this way?

Now watch the following videos and respond to the questions below.


Follow-up Questions:
(2) Overall, in the last decade, how do you think American perspectives on immigration have changed? Why do you think this has happened? 
(3) Why do you feel the topic of immigration is so polarized? (i.e., many people feel so strongly one way or another)
(4) If you had the power to change the immigration policy in America, how would you change it? Why?
(5) Now, put yourself on the opposing end of your previous answers. Why do you think someone else may view immigration differently? 
(6) After watching the 3 videos above, do you feel any different than you did when responding to question #1? Why? Why not? 
Additional videos arguing both sides of immigration in the U.S. (These are for your own knowledge. You do not need to respond directly to these).

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ASpKCnx4D4  (warning: powerful video)

Analyze sociocultural differences in perspectives on aging.

 
Sociological Aspects of Later Adulthood
Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman (2016) refer to adults in later adulthood as “a population at risk” (p. 717). Why are individuals in later adulthood a vulnerable population? What role might social work play in addressing the needs of this population?
This week, you consider factors that impact the vulnerability of individuals in later adulthood, including differing cultural perspectives of older individuals and consider ways to increase support for this population in your local community.
Learning Objectives
Students will:

Analyze sociocultural differences in perspectives on aging
Apply perspectives on aging to social work practice
Evaluate local community resources for older individuals

Photo Credit: vm / E+ / Getty Images
Learning Resources
Required Readings
Zastrow, C. H., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2016). Understanding human behavior and the social environment (10th ed.). Boston, MA:  Cengage Learning.
Chapter 16, “Sociological Aspects of Later Adulthood”
Optional Resources
Use the link below to access the MSW home page, which provides resources for your social work program.
MSW home page
Tucker-Seeley, R. D., Li, Y., Sorensen, G., & Subramanian, S. V. (2011). Lifecourse socioeconomic circumstances and multimorbidity among older adults. BMC Public Health, 11(4), 313–321.
Discussion: Sociocultural Differences in Perspectives on Aging
Western cultures think of time in linear terms while other cultures perceive the passage of time in cyclical terms (Helman, 2005). Helman states, “The clock, the watch and the calendar are among the main cultural symbols of Western industrial society” (para. 3). How might a culture’s perception of time influence views of individuals in later adulthood? What other cultural differences might impact a people’s view of aging? This week, you explore different cultures’ perspectives on aging and consider how these differences might impact social work.
To prepare for this Discussion, research two cultures different from your own and compare their perspectives on aging to that of your own culture.
By Day 3
Post a Discussion that compares your culture’s perspective on aging to the perspectives of the two cultures you researched. Explain why you think these differences exist. Also, explain how different perspectives on aging might impact social work practice.
Read a selection of your colleagues’ posts.
By Day 5
Respond to at least two colleagues who addressed cultures that are different from the ones you addressed. Share an insight from reading your colleagues’ postings. Describe how you might incorporate the cultural perspectives on aging described by your colleagues into your own social work practice.
Be sure to support your responses with specific references to the resources. If you are using additional articles, be sure to provide full APA-formatted citations for your references.

Assignment: Community Resources for Older Individuals
Volunteers and political officials in local communities often campaign to improve conditions and provide services to increase the well-being of individuals and families living in those communities. If you are the parent of young children, you might focus on improving the local school or creating safe places where children can play. If you are an individual in later adulthood or a caregiver for an individual in later adulthood, what community resources might be important to you? For this week’s Assignment, you evaluate the resources that your local community provides for its older members.
To prepare for this Assignment, research the resources available in your local community to support the issues and concerns of the older population. Note any gaps in these services and consider what improvements might be made to existing services as well as what services should be added.
By Day 7
Submit a 2- to 4-page paper that includes the following:

A description of the services in your local community that support individuals in later adulthood
An evaluation of the effectiveness of the services you identified
A description of service gaps you identified
An explanation of how to improve existing services
A description of services that should be added, and why

Identify strategies you might use for your own self care as a social worker dealing with grief counseling.

 
Psychological Aspects of Later Adulthood
Individuals in later adulthood address developmental tasks that are unique to their life-span phase, and many of these tasks “are psychological in nature” (Zastrow & Kirst-Ashman, 2016, p. 657). Many aspects of living as an older adult may differ significantly from what an individual experienced in an earlier phase of his or her life-span. For example, changes in older individuals’ income, living arrangements, social connections, and physical strength may influence how they view themselves, interact with others, and think about their futures.
This week, as you explore the psychological aspects of later adulthood, you consider theories of successful aging and their application to social work practice. You also consider how you might apply models of grieving to support families in a hospice environment when an aging family member approaches death.
Learning Objectives
Students will:

Apply theories of successful aging to social work practice
Apply models of grieving to a hospice environment
Evaluate models of grieving as they relate to social work practice
Evaluate strategies for self-care as a social worker in grief counseling

Learning Resources
Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.
Required Readings
Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., Brocksen S. (Eds.). (2014). Sessions: Case histories. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].
“The Parker Family” (pp. 6-8)
Zastrow, C. H., & Kirst-Ashman, K. K. (2016). Understanding human behavior and the social environment (10th ed.). Boston, MA:  Cengage Learning.
Chapter 15, “Psychological Aspects of Later Adulthood” (pp. 685-714)
Newell, J. M., & MacNeil, G. A. (2010). Professional burnout, vicarious trauma, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion fatigue: A review of theoretical terms, risk factors, and preventive methods for clinicians and researchers. Best Practice in Mental Health, 6(2), 57–68.
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Shier, M. L., & Graham, J. R. (2011). Mindfulness, subjective well-being, and social work: Insight into their Interconnection from social work practitioners. Social Work Education, 30(1), 29–44.
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Stroebe, M., & Schut, H. (1999). The dual process model of coping with bereavement: Rationale and description. Death Studies, 23(3), 197–224.
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Zisook, S., & Shear, M. K. (2013). Bereavement, depression, and the DSM-5. Psychiatric Annals, 43(6), 252–254. doi:10.3928/00485713-20130605-03
Note: You will access this article from the Walden Library databases.
Required Media
Laureate Education (Producer). (2013). Parker family: Episode 2 [Video file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

Note:  The approximate length of this media piece is 2 minutes.

Accessible player –Downloads–Download Video w/CCDownload AudioDownload Transcript
Optional Resources
Use the link below to access the MSW home page, which provides resources for your social work program.
MSW home page
Cappeliez, P., & Robitaille, A. (2010). Coping mediates the relationships between reminiscence and psychological well-being among older adults. Aging & Mental Health, 14(7), 807–818.
Ong, A. D., Bergeman, C. S., & Boker, S. M. (2009). Resilience comes of age: Defining features in later adulthood. Journal of Personality, 77(6), 1777–1804.
Ong, A. D., Bergeman, C. S., Bisconti, T. L., & Wallace, K. A. (2006). Psychological resilience, positive emotions, and successful adaptation to stress in later life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91(4), 730–749.
Stroebe, M., & Schut, H. (2010). The dual process model of coping with bereavement: A decade on. Omega, 61(4), 273–289.
Weiss, D., & Lang, F. R. (2009). Thinking about my generation: Adaptive effects of a dual age identity in later adulthood. Psychology and Aging, 24(3), 729–734.
Discussion: Psychological Aspects of Aging
Theories of successful aging explain factors that support individuals as they grow old, contributing to their ability to function. Increasing your understanding of factors that support successful aging improves your ability to address the needs of elderly clients and their families.
To prepare for this Discussion, review this week’s media. In addition, select a theory of successful aging to apply to Sara’s case.
By Day 3
Post a Discussion in which you:

Explain key life events that have influenced Sara’s relationships. Be sure to substantiate what makes them key in your perspective.
Explain how you, as Sara’s social worker, might apply a theory of successful aging to her case. Be sure to provide support for your strategy.

By Day 5
Read a selection of your colleagues’ posts.
Respond to at least two colleagues who applied a theory of successful aging to Sara’s case that differs from the one you applied. State whether you agree that your colleague’s strategy for applying the theory to Sara’s case is likely to be helpful. Provide support for your response and suggest one additional way your colleague might support Sara’s psychological well-being.
 
Assignment: Models of Grieving
The death of a loved one is a significant event that everyone experiences. An individual’s social environment, including societal and familial cultural factors, may influence how an individual approaches death or grieves the loss of someone else who dies. You can anticipate addressing grief in your social work practice and, therefore, should develop an understanding of the grieving process.
Models of grieving may identify stages through which an individual progresses in response to the death of a loved one; however, these stages do not necessarily occur in lockstep order. People who experience these stages may do so in different order or revisit stages in a circular fashion. Understanding the various ways individuals cope with grief helps you to anticipate their responses and to assist them in managing their grief. Select one model of grieving to address in this assignment.
Addressing the needs of grieving family members can diminish your personal emotional, mental, and physical resources. In addition to developing strategies to assist grieving individuals in crisis, you must develop strategies that support self-care.
In this Assignment, you apply a grieving model to work with families in a hospice environment and suggest strategies for self-care.
By Day 7
Submit a 2- to 4-page paper in which you:

Explain how you, as a social worker, might apply the grieving model you selected to your work with families in a hospice environment.

Explain why you selected to use the grieving model you selected versus other models of grief.

Identify components of the grieving model that you think might be difficult to apply to your social work practice. Explain why you anticipate these challenges.
Identify strategies you might use for your own self care as a social worker dealing with grief counseling. Explain why these strategies might be effective.

 
Psychological Aspects of Later Adulthood

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